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How civilization turns into savagery?

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How civilization turns into savagery? Analysis of the main characters and the primal symbols in William Golding's 'The Lord of The Flies' The novel 'The Lord of The flies' was written by William Golding in the early 1950s in Salisbury, England and it was published first in 1954. The story is told in third-person by an anonymous narrator who conveys the events without commenting the happenings but gives us access to the characters' inner thoughts. The story is told in a dark, pessimistic tone for it is a castaway story and a loss-of-innoncent fiction. 'The Lord of The Flies' presents us a group of English boys who planecrashed on a deserted island - like some brunch of modern Robinsons. They are left outside alone and forced to survive and create themselves a civilised society - obeying their own instincts, which are mostly based upon their education. The newly formed group needed a leader which leads to the first conflicts: the choirboys voted for Jack, but everybody else voted for Ralph, so he won the election although Jack wanted the position. This first conflict appears between the two applicants Ralph and Jack. ...read more.


This idea was symbolized by the sow's head on the pole speaking to Simon in his vision. The idea of the inherent evil within every human being occurred as the moral conclusion and central problem of the novel. Against the evil Simon represented the human goodness. When he was brutally murdered by other boys, it shows us that goodness, in general, was defeated by evil. The main idea of 'The Lord of the Flies' is the conflict between the two competing forces that exist within every human being. From one side there is the instinct of living our lives by rules, following moral commands, living up the expectations of the society. On the other hand there is the instinct of satisfying our instant desires, acting violently in order to obtain supremacy over the other people and enforcing our will. This conflict can be expressed in many ways - civilization vs. savagery, law vs. anarchy, order vs. chaos, or in fact good vs. evil. This conflict between the two instincts is the leading line of the novel: the boys' brought education, their disciplined and civilized behaviour as they adjust themselves to the brutally wild, barbaric life in the jungle. ...read more.


Simon's death, which occurs rather soon, is the example of the 'fun' the head was talking about. So the Lord of the Flies becomes also a physical entity - as the beast, and it also symbolizes the power of evil. If we think about the upper mentioned Simon - Jesus parallel, now we can see the Lord of the Flies - Satan parallel. If we literally translate the biblical name Beelzebub, who is often mentioned as the devil himself, we can get the words: 'The Lord of The flies' William Golding's 'The Lord of The flies', which is seemingly a Robinson - like juvenile novel, in fact it is the anatomy of savagery, brutality and violence which takes shape in the human society. His parable is about the tense situation, where fear and anxiety can mop up the moral standards, the human attitudes, no matter how deeply they are embedded in the personality of a human being. Golding by telling his dramatic parable through the story of a bunch of 'littluns' and using a long series of complicated symbols he achieves his aims: his novel is a warning of barbarism hidden in the human nature which can be released to surface at any time. Written by: Nagy Zsolt MA - English ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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