• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Stevenson create horror and tension around the character of Hyde?

Extracts from this document...


Robert Louis Stevenson was a famous Scottish author who, in 1886 wrote, the chilling, fictitious novel The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Stevenson generated tension surrounding the infamous character, Mr Hyde, in a variety of ways. Tension has been created around the character of Hyde throughout the novel. In particular, the scene where Mr Enfield describes feeling terrified and bewildered at seeing a young girl callously trampled by Hyde. Stevenson creates tension using various methods. During the trampling scene, as throughout the book, Hyde is described as a loathsome, 'little man'. This enables the reader to identify the character, using the recurrent labels. Stevenson uses Pathetic Fallacy to portray Hyde. This is apparent during Mr Enfield's account of that 'Black winter morning.' Black is associated with evil and winter with dark, dingy mornings. Stevenson uses this sentence effectively to create tension and set the sinister scene before Hyde appears. This suggests that Hyde's actions, when he comes into the scene, are going to be corrupt and villainous. Hyde was 'stumping along', 'at a good walk.' Stevenson has created a character that to the reader appears to move in a controlled, unstoppable manner. Hyde then 'trampled calmly over the child's body and left her screaming on the ground.' These actions were unemotional and complacent. ...read more.


The description of Carew adds to the tension surrounding Hyde because of the comparison of the two, Carew seems timid and harmless and Hyde is destructive and powerful. Stevenson used powerful words to describe Hyde and his actions, 'And then all of a sudden he broke out in a flame of anger,' Carew had no chance to react to Hyde's actions, which were, sudden and deadly. The quote, 'broke out of all bounds' makes it sound like someone or something is restraining Hyde and that he needed to force his way to Carew. Jekyll might have been restraining Hyde, stopping him harming Carew; this represents the two sides of Hyde, the good and the evil. Carew's actions made him appear confused. 'The old gentleman took a step back, with the air of one very much surprised and a trifle hurt.' He seemed surprised by the attack, which Stevenson depicted as an unprovoked murder. He describes the effect on Carew's body by writing, 'the bones were audibly shattered and the body jumped upon the roadway.' This graphic description of hearing the bones breaking makes the reader horrified and disgusted at Hyde. Hyde was made to seem like a madman, brutally murdering Carew. Stevenson describes him, 'clubbing him to the earth.' 'Tramping his victim underfoot' and 'hailing down a storm of blows.' ...read more.


This detailed description puts a clear picture of the change in the reader's head, by using powerful adjectives to create a strong sense of horror. 'He seemed to swell - his face became suddenly black' Hyde's face turned black, as black is associated with evil. Dr Lanyon, as to be expected was surprised and frightened, 'The next moment I had sprung to my feet and leaped back against the wall, my arm raised to shield me from that prodigy, my mind submerged in terror.' The words portray a terrified man fearing for his life and doing anything to protect himself. Whenever Hyde was mentioned in the novel, Stevenson created tension around him. This was to produce a sense of horror. The whole of this novel is based on good versus evil. Jekyll was associated with good and Hyde was associated with evil. Mr Hyde was a clever and sneaky man. He gave an impression of deformity and being inhuman. He dressed very plainly but still seemed to stand out; this might be because of his inhuman-like character. His voice was husky, broken and whispery and he laughed savagely, this makes him sound evil. There is an underlying sense of morality and religion within the novel. Stevenson portrays the morality of a well-respected, noble gentleman who transforms into an immoral, detested monster. Stevenson appears to be relating Jekyll's metamorphosis, with the human race's constant struggle to suppress immorality. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Robert Louis Stevenson section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Robert Louis Stevenson essays

  1. How does Stevenson build up tension in 'Dr Jekyll'.

    are so packed together about that court, that it's hard to say where one ends and another begins' and seem to hold their own secrets. The Will in Chapter 2 is collected from 'the most private part of the room'.

  2. Explore how Stevenson has presented the character of Mr. Hyde. Comment on how the ...

    "That is my name. What do you want?" is Hyde's reaction to Mr. Utterson addressing him, indicating that Hyde is extremely anti-social and isn't used to communicating with human beings. After his encounter with Hyde he encourages readers to investigate Hyde: "there is something more". This creates indistinctness and suspense.

  1. How does Stevenson create intrigue in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

    This could have aroused a great fear of the paranormal in the Victorians and backed up the belief that October is a menacing and evil time. Looking at these two examples about how Stevenson creates a sense of intrigue using the setting, it shows that the theory of "evil rules

  2. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde build of Tension

    In addition to this Stevenson uses similes and metaphors, for example, "the hair stood upon my neck like quills... he cried out like a rat," Stevenson is again using similes to fully describe the scene to result in maximum amount of tension for the reader.

  1. How does Stevenson create an atmosphere of suspense and horror in "Dr Jekyll and ...

    Stevenson describes what goes on in this extract. "But the words were hardly uttered, before the smile was struck out of his face and succeeded by an expression of such abject terror and despair, as froze the very blood of the two gentlemen below.

  2. Jekyll and Hyde

    This book can be a sci-fi when it shows that Hyde must be "deformed somewhere", this may represent that Hyde is some sort of extra terrestrial creature. This novella can also be suggested as a horror because when Hyde murders Carew it isn't just a normal murder but a "wicked" murder.

  1. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde - How Does Stevenson create an atmosphere of tension ...

    Utterson agreed to this, but he found the contents to be unusual. The will didn't make any sense to Utterson, who was a lawyer, and he decided to try and solve the mystery. In Gothic texts there is nearly always a problem that has to be solved.

  2. How does Stevenson create an atmosphere of mystery and suspense yet at the same ...

    His fear of Hyde finding about the will is made equally aware of Hyde's capabilities of repeating this heinous act of evil. Utterson still has Hyde's address, and he accompanies the police to a set of rooms located in a poor, evil-looking part of town.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work