• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How do the writers explore and present the themes of conscience, violence and murder in the poems "Hitcher" by Simon Armitage, "Salome" by Carol Ann Duffy and "The man he killed" by Thomas Hardy?

Extracts from this document...


How do the writers explore and present the themes of conscience, violence and murder in the poems 'Hitcher' by Simon Armitage, 'Salome' by Carol Ann Duffy and 'The Man He Killed' by Thomas Hardy? 'Hitcher' was written by Simon Armitage in 2001, two years earlier (in 1999) Carol Ann Duffy wrote 'Salome' but the oldest poem I intend to analyse is 'The Man He Killed' written by Thomas Hardy in 1902. All three poems explore the three themes of conscience, violence and murder however all the authors express them in different ways. Simon Armitage's poem was about a psychotic and jealous slacker who dreamed of being free. He sees a hitcher who is free and a feeling of envy overcomes him, he then picks the hitcher up and in a series of sarcastic violent beatings he throws the hitcher out of the car and afterwards feels very proud and is portrayed as quite a narcissist through being very arrogant. This is conveyed via several sarcastic comments such as "Stitch that, I remember thinking; you can walk from there" this is sarcastic because obviously after all the hitcher has been through if he's not dead he's going to need stitches and quite certainly he would not be able to walk. ...read more.


However all this makes the reader feel sympathy for him as we think it's not his fault. But the narrator makes this poem as direct as can be as to make his message clear. The theme of murder again is justifiable. The fourth verse points out that no-one considers the consequences of joining the army; "He thought he'd 'list, perhaps". 'Salome' written by Carol Ann Duffy is based on a bible story, the bible story is that Salome was the daughter of a woman named Herodias who was married to King Herod's brother, after he died Herodias remarried to King Herod. John the Baptist was against this. Salome then did a 'dance' for King Herod who in return gave her one wish. She asked her mother for advice and as Herodias was infuriated by John the Baptist she asked her daughter to wish for his head on a platter. That is the story of Salome. Anyway, the narrator is portrayed as arrogant when she says "Ain't life a bitch" and promiscuous when she says "woke up with a head on the pillow beside me-whose?" and psychotic when she says "I've done it before; and doubtless I'll do it again", this doesn't seem too bad until later she says "head on a platter", proving that she is an absolute psychotic maniac who is repeatedly decapitating her victims. ...read more.


In 'Salome' her motivation was misandrism (hatred of men). Finally in 'Hitcher' his motive was jealousy. When he says "I thumbed a lift to where the car was parked" he is 'pretending' to be a hitchhiker. Salome has an erratic rhyming scheme, where words half rhyme. Hitcher also uses enjambment where he lines run on to the next line. The narrator in 'Salome' uses many devices including metaphor when she says "Ain't life a bitch", simile when she says "Like a lamb to the slaughter" also here it shows premeditated killing of an innocent victim. And she uses triplication twice, first in stanza two "Simon, Andrew, John?" and again in line 29-30 "the blighter, the beater or biter". This shows she's promiscuous. Also in 'Salome' she uses stanzas of unequal length; another factor which contributes to her being extremely mentally unstable. The poem sounds more conversational which shows she's very casual about violence. In 'Hitcher' he uses no rhyming scheme but each stanza is of equal length. There is no rhythm either. In 'The Man He Killed' there is a regular rhythm and rhyming scheme he does this so it's easy to follow. All this contributes to him being direct. 'Hitcher' uses several metaphors for example "Stitch that" which is a pun because obviously IF he survives he'll need stitches. It also uses personification "the ansaphone kept screaming" and "the breeze to run its fingers through his hair. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Analysis of "Preludes" by Thomas Sterns Elliot.

    4 star(s)

    It beats on blinds as in the line "on broken blinds and chimney pots". Again these are broken blinds that reinforce the image of something decaying. Through the horse that is standing alone on the street the poet portrays an image of isolation.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    A case of murder.

    3 star(s)

    Some years later he thinks that the cat is one day going to come back to life and is haunted by this. This poem is told in the third person and the main themes are neglect, cruelty to animals, fear and guilt.

  1. Examine how William Wordsworth and John Betjeman present their views on the Urban world ...

    Their views are clearly shown in the two poems. In the poem "Slough" the clerks "talk of sports and makes of cars", which suggest modernization, as cars were only recently introduced. He also talks of the wives with "synthetic hair" and "painted nails", products which had only just become available.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Poems My Last Duchess and Salome

    He says "She ranked my gift of a nine-hundred-years-old name with anybody's gift". Here he is saying that his name is very valuable and any woman would be privileged to have a gift such as this. He is also saying that he views himself as more important or more valuable

  1. GCSE Essay Cultural Poems

    We are now at the sixth stanza, where Tatamkhulu pulls away from the glass and becomes angry. As Afrika writes this verse he must have been feeling extremely angry, he writes 'hands burn for a stone, a bomb to shiver down the glass' this suggesting that he has seen inside

  2. In Anne Hathaway, the poet, Carol Ann Duffy, shows a relationship between a man ...

    would be sleeping in the best bed 'our guests dozed on' which implies that while they lie there being boring, she is in a "spinning world" and having fun. In sonnet 130, Shakespeare rejects the metaphors that are usually used to describe a beautiful woman such as 'brighter than the

  1. RS Thomas comparing cynddylan and lore

    "He is a knight at arms breaking the field's mirror of silence, emptying the wood of foxes and squirrels and bright jays." Thomas now has shown how the tractor "breaks the silence" and disrupts the tranquillity of the nature, viciously destroying the farmlands wildlife and his relationship with it.

  2. Poetry coursework- Simon Armitage explore how both men are presented in Simon Amitages poem(TM) ...

    We also see that his body was at the age at puberty and also his hormones were all around his body shooting from one way to anther. We also empathize that this is hideous thing that anyone could have done to someone, as it was a painful way of accepting a marriage ring.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work