• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How do the writers explore and present the themes of conscience, violence and murder in the poems "Hitcher" by Simon Armitage, "Salome" by Carol Ann Duffy and "The man he killed" by Thomas Hardy?

Extracts from this document...


How do the writers explore and present the themes of conscience, violence and murder in the poems 'Hitcher' by Simon Armitage, 'Salome' by Carol Ann Duffy and 'The Man He Killed' by Thomas Hardy? 'Hitcher' was written by Simon Armitage in 2001, two years earlier (in 1999) Carol Ann Duffy wrote 'Salome' but the oldest poem I intend to analyse is 'The Man He Killed' written by Thomas Hardy in 1902. All three poems explore the three themes of conscience, violence and murder however all the authors express them in different ways. Simon Armitage's poem was about a psychotic and jealous slacker who dreamed of being free. He sees a hitcher who is free and a feeling of envy overcomes him, he then picks the hitcher up and in a series of sarcastic violent beatings he throws the hitcher out of the car and afterwards feels very proud and is portrayed as quite a narcissist through being very arrogant. This is conveyed via several sarcastic comments such as "Stitch that, I remember thinking; you can walk from there" this is sarcastic because obviously after all the hitcher has been through if he's not dead he's going to need stitches and quite certainly he would not be able to walk. ...read more.


However all this makes the reader feel sympathy for him as we think it's not his fault. But the narrator makes this poem as direct as can be as to make his message clear. The theme of murder again is justifiable. The fourth verse points out that no-one considers the consequences of joining the army; "He thought he'd 'list, perhaps". 'Salome' written by Carol Ann Duffy is based on a bible story, the bible story is that Salome was the daughter of a woman named Herodias who was married to King Herod's brother, after he died Herodias remarried to King Herod. John the Baptist was against this. Salome then did a 'dance' for King Herod who in return gave her one wish. She asked her mother for advice and as Herodias was infuriated by John the Baptist she asked her daughter to wish for his head on a platter. That is the story of Salome. Anyway, the narrator is portrayed as arrogant when she says "Ain't life a bitch" and promiscuous when she says "woke up with a head on the pillow beside me-whose?" and psychotic when she says "I've done it before; and doubtless I'll do it again", this doesn't seem too bad until later she says "head on a platter", proving that she is an absolute psychotic maniac who is repeatedly decapitating her victims. ...read more.


In 'Salome' her motivation was misandrism (hatred of men). Finally in 'Hitcher' his motive was jealousy. When he says "I thumbed a lift to where the car was parked" he is 'pretending' to be a hitchhiker. Salome has an erratic rhyming scheme, where words half rhyme. Hitcher also uses enjambment where he lines run on to the next line. The narrator in 'Salome' uses many devices including metaphor when she says "Ain't life a bitch", simile when she says "Like a lamb to the slaughter" also here it shows premeditated killing of an innocent victim. And she uses triplication twice, first in stanza two "Simon, Andrew, John?" and again in line 29-30 "the blighter, the beater or biter". This shows she's promiscuous. Also in 'Salome' she uses stanzas of unequal length; another factor which contributes to her being extremely mentally unstable. The poem sounds more conversational which shows she's very casual about violence. In 'Hitcher' he uses no rhyming scheme but each stanza is of equal length. There is no rhythm either. In 'The Man He Killed' there is a regular rhythm and rhyming scheme he does this so it's easy to follow. All this contributes to him being direct. 'Hitcher' uses several metaphors for example "Stitch that" which is a pun because obviously IF he survives he'll need stitches. It also uses personification "the ansaphone kept screaming" and "the breeze to run its fingers through his hair. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Analysis of "Preludes" by Thomas Sterns Elliot.

    4 star(s)

    The are old and dirty and not whole leaves but pieces of them along with newspaper bits. The line "the showers beat" introduces another image which is of oppression. It seems as though the shower is pressing down on something.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    A case of murder.

    3 star(s)

    feel sorry for the boy as he has been left alone at the age of only nine. We also get told that he was left in a basement flat; usually when we think of a basement we think of a dark, dingy space which is particularly scary this makes you feel even more sorry for the young boy.

  1. The threat of death presented in: Havisham, Hitcher, Laboratory, On my first Sonne

    Implicitly, by mentioning the answer phone in general, it states that the speaker does not pick up the phone calls he has been receiving intentionally. It may symbolize that he is avoiding something or just that he relationship with the outer world is weak.

  2. how does Edgar allan poe and Goethe use poetic devices to create suspense and ...

    Raven was real or not or whether the man was just crazy from losing his wife, Lenore. This leaves one in suspense because it at the end of the poem it is relieved but one would still want to know whether the man was going to get his long lost Lenore back.

  1. Using three poems compare the poet(TM)s attitudes and feelings to war, and how they ...

    mourners, it would still be an embarrassment to even admit that so many men have died so pointlessly. From the quotation "no mockeries for them from prayers or bells", we can almost sense not just anger, but even shame coming from Owen, and by saying even "prayers and bells" would

  2. The poems On my first Sonne by Ben Jonson and Stealing by Carol Ann ...

    This thought of causing pain is also shown in 'Stealing' where it says "Part of the thrill was knowing that children would cry in the morning. Life's Tough." This is talking about the children who had made the snowman and was probably excited about getting up in the morning to

  1. Compare and Contrast the Poems My Last Duchess and Salome

    In the second line it says, "Looking as if she were alive". This gives us a clue that perhaps she isn't alive. It is constantly giving us hints that she is dead but in the poem it never actually says this.

  2. In Anne Hathaway, the poet, Carol Ann Duffy, shows a relationship between a man ...

    would be sleeping in the best bed 'our guests dozed on' which implies that while they lie there being boring, she is in a "spinning world" and having fun. In sonnet 130, Shakespeare rejects the metaphors that are usually used to describe a beautiful woman such as 'brighter than the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work