• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Arthur miller encourage the audience to believe in John Proctor as a hero in the play "The Crucible"?

Extracts from this document...


How does Arthur miller encourage the audience to believe in John Proctor as a hero in the play "The Crucible"? Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" illustrates a powerful drama based on the Salem witch trials in 1692. However Miller used his play as an analogy, representing the period of "McCarthyism" that lasted from the end of the Second World War to the late 1950s. Derived by the war against Stalin's Soviet Union, McCarthyism was a term describing the intense anti-communist suspicion in the United States. Lead by Senator Joseph McCarthy, many Americans who were believed to cast communist influences to American society came under intense scrutiny from the government, private-industry panels, committees and agencies. The primary targets of such suspicions were government employees, those in the entertainment industry, educators and union activists. In "The Crucible" a very strict theocracy rules over Salem, a small city in the state of Massachusetts USA, where the Bible is law and anyone who does not agree with the rigorous Puritan laws was suspected of congregating with Lucifer himself. The accusations of witchcraft start when a group of rebellious teenage girls controlled by Abigail Williams are caught dancing in the woods. They know that dancing is forbidden, so out of fear of being punished or accused of witchcraft the girls decide to tell the ...read more.


This is a sign of Proctor being a true hero as he is self conscious and believes he has made mistakes that he is now trying to correct. Proctors relationship with his wife Elizabeth is obviously strained, both are trying really hard to reconcile with each other. Proctor seasons the stew his wife is cooking and tells her that it is well seasoned. Proctor does this to charm Elizabeth and compliment her on her good cooking. However Proctor knows that Elizabeth has not truly forgiven him for his affair with Abigail Williams. This is proved in the quote - Proctor - "...I have forgot Abigail, and-"Elizabeth- "And I." Proctor- "Spare me! You forget nothing' and you forgive nothing." This quote shows us that Proctor clearly feels that his wife has not forgiven him for his actions. Initially the audience might feel that it is Proctors guilt that is the reason for his aggressive behaviour toward Elizabeth but at the end of the play she acknowledges her own contribution towards his affair. Therefore his remorse for his sin and his commitment to his marriage become more heroic than we may first think. This is backed up by the quote: "I have sins of my own to count. ...read more.


This shows proctors incredible will and braveness by protecting the honour of his name and the honour of the people who did not confess. Proctors heroism is also glorified when it quotes "I do think I see some shred of goodness in John Proctor. Not enough to weave a banner with, but white enough to keep it from such dogs". This shows how Procter distinguishes that there is some goodness in him. To conclude I believe that John proctor was indeed a tragic hero in the play. He achieved his sense of purpose in life and that was to be a good father, husband and Christian whilst saving the dignity of his name. I also believe that Abigail could be described as the villain in the play as she manipulated the panic in Salem for her own purpose not even considering how many lives and families she ruined. Elizabeth discovers her husband's true nature and is happy because of it as if she had not discovered the true John Proctor she would still have doubted him a good man. I also believe that Arthur Miller created the character John proctor to be a tragic hero by giving him power (the respect of the village) a flaw (his affair with Abigail) and his purpose (to be a good man and please his wife and children). ?? ?? ?? ?? Mohammed Israr 10x1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Arthur Miller section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Arthur Miller essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Is John Proctor a good man?

    4 star(s)

    His attempt at honesty backfires and destroys him. After this proctor is thrown into jail waiting to be hanged for rising up against the court and for witchcraft which Mary accuses him of. He then is pleaded with by hale to admit to being a witch even though he knows

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Consider the relationship between John Proctor and Abigail Williams and how Arthur Miller presents ...

    4 star(s)

    Mary says, "The Devil's loose in Salem, Mr. Proctor; we must discover where he's hiding!" John replies, "I'll whip the Devil out of you!" He considers her as talking rubbish but later she says, "I saved her life today," speaking of Elizabeth.

  1. Do you consider John Proctor to be a modern tragic hero?

    He tells them that they need no signature because he has admitted it before God, that God knows his sin is enough, "God does not need my name nailed upon the church!" The judges have stripped him of his essence and his pride; the only shred that Proctor has left

  2. How and why does Arthur Miller encourage audience sympathy for John Proctor

    It is important to Miller that we sympathise with Proctor, as he plays the innocent victim, corrupted by Abigail, who represents capitalism. He needs the audience to take his side and appreciate his view of how terrible capitalism and McCarthyism is.

  1. Proctor, hero or Villain?

    Close to the Play's conclusion, Proctor is accused of witchcraft by his servant, marry warren Proctors reaction is looked on as irrational, as he his anger gets the better of him as he displays a district of self control. He is heard by the community declaring, "I say-I say-God is

  2. None of the characters in Arthur Millers 'The Crucible' are wholly blameless for the ...

    Finally her deepest love for john despite all of his faults and actions in the past is emphasized by the emotions ebbing through the language used in act 4 as the couple beg for each others forgiveness ' I never how I should say my love', 'forgive me, forgive me, john'.

  1. To what extent can John Proctor be described as a tragic hero in Arthur ...

    This dynamism allows us to empathize with proctor and makes us feel that the predicament he is in is all the more tragic. Miller also establishes Proctor as the protagonist by giving him qualities the audience can find favor with. John went against the normality's and conceptions of the townsfolk.

  2. Is John Proctor a Good Man in Arthur Miller's Crucible?

    However this could be interpreted, I think that the reason that Proctor does not want to have his name put on the church door is because he does not want to be the person who is calling his friends witches in the eyes of the villagers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work