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How does Arthur miller encourage the audience to believe in John Proctor as a hero in the play "The Crucible"?

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How does Arthur miller encourage the audience to believe in John Proctor as a hero in the play "The Crucible"? Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" illustrates a powerful drama based on the Salem witch trials in 1692. However Miller used his play as an analogy, representing the period of "McCarthyism" that lasted from the end of the Second World War to the late 1950s. Derived by the war against Stalin's Soviet Union, McCarthyism was a term describing the intense anti-communist suspicion in the United States. Lead by Senator Joseph McCarthy, many Americans who were believed to cast communist influences to American society came under intense scrutiny from the government, private-industry panels, committees and agencies. The primary targets of such suspicions were government employees, those in the entertainment industry, educators and union activists. In "The Crucible" a very strict theocracy rules over Salem, a small city in the state of Massachusetts USA, where the Bible is law and anyone who does not agree with the rigorous Puritan laws was suspected of congregating with Lucifer himself. The accusations of witchcraft start when a group of rebellious teenage girls controlled by Abigail Williams are caught dancing in the woods. They know that dancing is forbidden, so out of fear of being punished or accused of witchcraft the girls decide to tell the ...read more.


This is a sign of Proctor being a true hero as he is self conscious and believes he has made mistakes that he is now trying to correct. Proctors relationship with his wife Elizabeth is obviously strained, both are trying really hard to reconcile with each other. Proctor seasons the stew his wife is cooking and tells her that it is well seasoned. Proctor does this to charm Elizabeth and compliment her on her good cooking. However Proctor knows that Elizabeth has not truly forgiven him for his affair with Abigail Williams. This is proved in the quote - Proctor - "...I have forgot Abigail, and-"Elizabeth- "And I." Proctor- "Spare me! You forget nothing' and you forgive nothing." This quote shows us that Proctor clearly feels that his wife has not forgiven him for his actions. Initially the audience might feel that it is Proctors guilt that is the reason for his aggressive behaviour toward Elizabeth but at the end of the play she acknowledges her own contribution towards his affair. Therefore his remorse for his sin and his commitment to his marriage become more heroic than we may first think. This is backed up by the quote: "I have sins of my own to count. ...read more.


This shows proctors incredible will and braveness by protecting the honour of his name and the honour of the people who did not confess. Proctors heroism is also glorified when it quotes "I do think I see some shred of goodness in John Proctor. Not enough to weave a banner with, but white enough to keep it from such dogs". This shows how Procter distinguishes that there is some goodness in him. To conclude I believe that John proctor was indeed a tragic hero in the play. He achieved his sense of purpose in life and that was to be a good father, husband and Christian whilst saving the dignity of his name. I also believe that Abigail could be described as the villain in the play as she manipulated the panic in Salem for her own purpose not even considering how many lives and families she ruined. Elizabeth discovers her husband's true nature and is happy because of it as if she had not discovered the true John Proctor she would still have doubted him a good man. I also believe that Arthur Miller created the character John proctor to be a tragic hero by giving him power (the respect of the village) a flaw (his affair with Abigail) and his purpose (to be a good man and please his wife and children). ?? ?? ?? ?? Mohammed Israr 10x1 ...read more.

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