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How Does Charles Dickens Portray Deprivation and Attempts to Relieve Poverty in the First Four Chapters of Oliver Twist

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Introduction

How Does Charles Dickens Portray Deprivation and Attempts to Relieve Poverty in the First Four Chapters of Oliver Twist Charles Dickens wrote Oliver Twist in the 19th century. He used his personal past experiences to give the book a personal feeling to the book. During Charles Dickens' childhood his farther was stolen from him and placed in prison, this left him with only his mother with bills forcing them into poverty. In Oliver Twist he is all alone with his mother being stolen from him at birth this left him with no parents being born into a workhouse, Charles Dickens also lived and worked in a workhouse therefore he knew how the people where treated, how the wealthier staff looked down and despised the lower class. Charles Dickens put all of these past experiences into Oliver Twist, writing the book from an autobiographical point of view. Oliver Twist was born straight into the workhouse during his birth his mother died, Oliver Twist was lucky to have survived the birth as infant mortality was extremely high in such poor conditions, his mother had given birth to thirteen children and only two survived. The staff who delivered Oliver Twist seemed not to care, it wasn't that they didn't like what they where doing but who they where doing it for. ...read more.

Middle

Mr. Bumble's evil personality is revealed when he makes a cruel joke the number of infant deaths in the workhouse. He is a large, well fed plump person who in comparison to the small and fragile Oliver is enormous. Mr. Bumble is a bully, this is demonstrated by the way he grasps his cane and uses firm words with Mrs. Mann. When speaking eloquently he makes obvious mistakes, when speaking with Mrs. Mann he pronounces aware as "aweer". Oliver is eventually offered accompanied by five pounds to the first half decent person to walk into the workhouse. Mr. Gamfield the local chimney sweep went for Oliver and the five pounds. The board refused to give Oliver to him as Mr. Gamfield had a negative track record, he had taken orphans before and they had died under his care. Dickens made it obvious that Mr. Gamfield wanted Oliver for all of the wrong reasons. He only wanted Oliver as a personal slave and to labour for him as he small enough to get up the chimneys, the five pounds also helped to convince him to enter the workhouse Mr. Gamfield like many other adults in his life was cruel and violent We can see this with his donkey "he catches hold of the bridal and gives the jay a sharp wrench". ...read more.

Conclusion

Oliver is terrified of Mr. Gamfield he openly shows his emotion to the whole board of the workhouse when in chapter three he falls to his knees, praying that they would order him back the room, that they would starve him, beat him, kill him. He prays for all of this rather than them send him away with Mr. Gamfield In the time of workhouses the standard of living was near to none. The unwealthy basically had no choice to but to enter a workhouse. They would work for a roof and little food. All of the people in the workhouse had to sleep on the hard floor and receive poor medical attention. Overall the living condition were appalling, Charles Dickens uses irony to create a feeling of how bad the conditions where, a good example of this is that nearly every member of staff is overweight even them giving out the tiny amount of gruel to the orphans. Dickens attempts to create a feeling of pity for the orphans, by doing this we can see that he is trying to relive poverty, stop other people from going through what he went through. Dickens somehow manages to take a subject as important as poverty and put it across by using humor, and at the same time still manages to keep that feeling of seriousness. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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