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How does Charles Dickens show Scrooge changing in A Christmas Carol?

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Introduction

How does Charles Dickens show Scrooge changing in 'A Christmas Carol'? Charles Dickens was the most popular novelist of the Victorian Era, and one of the most popular of all time. With his work appearing in periodicals and magazines in a serialised form growing evermore popular, Dickens soon published his first Novel in 1836 that would inevitably lead him to his future as a famous and well-respected author. Despite his popularity among his contemporaries Dickens has not been lost in time with his novels and written traditions still kept alive today. His Novel A Christmas Carol has changed and captivated Christmas traditions throughout Britain and helped to establish 'the spirit of Christmas' that many of us adopt and celebrate today and this is why he is known by many as 'The man who invented Christmas'. Dickens has also been praised throughout time for creating a gallery of unique personalities in his characters, an example of which is Scrooge. Scrooge is today a household name in Britain and is universally understood to describe the 'humbugs' of Christmas. The opening paragraphs set the scene of a poor and underprivileged Victorian Christmas Eve during which money and the "plight of the poor" becomes evermore important to Dickens. The beginning of the novella opens the reader to a bitter, miserable, and very much money orientated Scrooge. As A Christmas Carol progresses we quickly notice a vast contrast between Scrooge and the other characters all of which are excited about the joyous occasion of Christmas. ...read more.

Middle

So again once Scrooge had admitted his regret the spirit took him further along his lifeline. The reader soon learns the tale of Scrooges old girlfriend in which we see that it is with age that he grew bitter and money orientated. The young girl exclaims that their "contract" meaning love "is an old one. It was made when we were both poor and content to be so", But with his wealth he has "changed" and she tells him 'When it was made, you were another man". This accurately draws upon the subject of Scrooge and money, which is a key factor in the novel and especially in illustrating the change in which he embarks on. As the Ghost of Christmas Present arrives, Scrooges appears to be much more willing to undertake the journey as "He obeyed" which is in a vast contrast to the arrival of the Ghost of Christmas Past. In this journey there is a much more light-hearted atmosphere as it is described that "people made a rough, but brisk and not unpleasant kind of music". The ghost was described as a "jolly giant" perhaps implying that his features were such of Santa Claus. As Scrooge was instructed to hold his robe he "held it fast" which again shows Scrooge changing as he becomes more willing to open up to others. The spirit takes Scrooge to the poor and underprivileged household of Bob Cratchit but he is astonished to see that despite their extreme lack of wealth their happiness thrives as Tiny Tim exclaims "God Bless us all". ...read more.

Conclusion

His selfishness has also "melted" as his generosity is evident as he buys the prize turkey and whispers "I'll send it to Bob Cratchit's!" Soon Scrooge passes the portly gentleman who he had dismissed the previous day. Charity is use as a recurring theme by Dickens to show the transition that Scrooge has gone through. Scrooge had rejected the portly gentleman and the carolers originally but soon regrets this and at the end of the Novella puts his actions right by donating a large sum of money. Despite Scrooges lexis changing the use of pathetic fallacy is apparent, as there is "No fog, no mist and Golden sunlight". It is not only evident to the reader that a change has undergone in Scrooge by his actions but also from the reactions by those around him as in the case of the portly gentleman who is astonished by Scrooges Generosity and so exclaimed "My dear Mr. Scrooge, are you serious?" It is also soon that we learn Scrooge has become a second father to Tiny Tim. In conclusion Dickens uses many literary techniques, styles, and sophisticated vocabulary to illustrate fully and effectively the transition that Scrooge has undergone and the new lifestyle that he has adopted. The use of comparison from Scrooges previous self to his changed self is also a sharp and efficient way of showing us this change and is a key part of his writing. Dickens also incorporates deeply gripping qualities into the Novella such as humour and takes us on a journey into the lives of those in the Victorian era. Luke Corrigan ...read more.

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