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How Does Dickens Create Sympathy in Chapters 1 and 8 of Great Expectations?

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Introduction

How Does Dickens Create Sympathy in Chapters 1 and 8 of Great Expectations? ` In the opening of Chapter 1 of great Expectations Dickens uses bathos to create sympathy for Pip. He Creates a cumulative effect to describe Pips name 'Phillip Pirrip' but because Pip had an infant tongue he could not pronounce his name which ends this build up with one small word, Pip. This makes the reader feel sorry for Pip and gives us an image of his size and age. Also because his name is shortened it creates a negative image creating more sympathy for little Pip. This is characterisation and Dickens is using 1st person narration. Dickens creates even more sympathy for Pip when he describes the setting. We find out that Pip is in a graveyard by his father and mothers tombstones. He says 'I never saw my mother or Father.' We also find that his name came about on 'the authority of my fathers tombstone.' This creates allot of sympathy for Pip as we find out that he is an orphan, all alone in this horrible place visiting his mother and fathers tombstone by himself. His 'First fancies regarding what they were like were unreasonably derived from their tombstones.' This makes us ask the question, why has no one spoken to Pip about this? Dickens has created sympathy for Pip by isolating him. ...read more.

Middle

This creates a very negative image of Miss Havisham, creating more sympathy for her. Finally Pip compares Miss Havisham to ' Waxwork and skeleton' that he had seen in previous experiences that he did not enjoy. We feel sympathy for Pip and Miss Havisham, as Pip is again frightened and Miss Havisham is being compared to death and other things that would be considered as disgusting. We ask ourselves another question. What could have happened to this woman that was so bad to make her the way she is? Both openings are similar to each other. The tone in both is very melancholy and they both leave us asking questions, left in suspense. After the opening of Chapter 1 we see a dialogue. After Pip had begun to cry a 'fearful' man approaches him and says 'Hold your noise! Keep still you little devil or I'll cut your throat!' This instantly creates sympathy for Pip as he is already frightened and now he has been suprised and Magwitch is threatening him. We can tell Pip is frightened as he describes Magwitch's voice as 'terrible' and he calls Magwitch a 'fearful man.' However dickens plays down Pips fear as the story is written in 1st person narration meaning it is an adult Pip looking back on this situation. This adult Pip knows what's going to happen so he writes it from his perspective now and not his perspective when he was a child (little Pip). ...read more.

Conclusion

Which portrays an image of death and decay in the once white room now turned yellow. The tone is melancholy and there is a similar eerie feeling as in chapter 1. Miss Havisham is being compared to death and Magwitch is in a graveyard. At the ending of Chapter 1 Pip watches Magwitch walk away as 'hugged his shuddering body' and we feel sorry for Magwitch being cold, helpless and hungry. We get the feeling that Magwitch could be caught at any time when Pip says 'to get a twist on his ankle and pull him in' and because they're in a graveyard there is an eerie feeling. Magwitch is looking at a gibbet as he walks away and that emphasises that he does not want to be caught and hung like the other criminals on this gibbet. Pip watches Magwitch walk up2 this gibbet and sees him as a 'Pirate come to life, going back to hook himself up again.' Pip is relating Magwitch to another criminal. We feel more sympathy for the two characters as Pip runs home, frightened 'without stopping' and Magwitch walks through the desolate marshland in fear of capture. The ending to chapter 8 is similar. Estella is humiliating Pip, he says 'I was so humiliated, hurt, spurned, offended, angry, sorry.' This makes us feel very sorry for Pip as Estella has made a fool of him and he is crying. Like Miss Havisham had asked, Estella broke his heart. ...read more.

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