• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Dickens effectively portray the transformation in Scrooges Character?

Extracts from this document...


How does Dickens effectively portray the transformation in Scrooge's Character? A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens Set in the 1840s on Christmas Eve, A Christmas Carol novella is about the transformation of the protagonist, Ebenezer Scrooge. A wealthy and elderly man, Scrooge is considered miserly and misanthropic. As he prepares for bed on Christmas Eve in his solitary, dark chambers, Scrooge is visited by the ghost of his former partner, Jacob Marley. Marley was almost as selfish as Scrooge, and now his spirit is being punished. He tells Scrooge that he must change his ways and warns Scrooge would be visited by three more ghosts: the Spirits of Christmas Past, Present, and Future. During Victorian times there was a big gap between the rich and poor. The poor lived in poverty or were forced to work in workhouses. This was a place where people would work, sleep and eat to get very little money. Dickens is trying to make people aware of the people that were not so well off in the Victorian times and the difference between them and rich people. In the first stave, Dickens describes the character of Scrooge as a "tight fisted hand at the grindstone". ...read more.


His status drops as he 'begged' the ghost to lead him on, showing vulnerability in his personality at this stage. Scrooge watches Fezziwig, his old boss, dance and enjoy his party he recognises the joy that Fezziwig gives to his employees by kindness rather than money. As the spirit takes Scrooge on this journey Scrooge recognises that his past life has made him scared of living. Eventually he sees his past love, and recognises that he turned his back upon human passion. Scrooge is made to watch the moment when his life changed in the past and he had no hope of being happy again. When he sees this moment that changed his life, it makes him feel regretful, he says 'no more' but the spirit forces him to see the happiness that he could have experienced with this woman who he loved. From this we can deduce that though Scrooge is responsible for his own unhappiness by turning his back on all the things that he could of have. The ghost takes him to Bob Cratchit's house as Scrooge watches the simple pleasures of family life that he denied. ...read more.


Instead of shunning people away he greets them 'taking the old gentleman by both hands'. This is a reoccurring image of Scrooge's hands, instead of grabbing for money it is happiness instead. He even laughs for the first time as Dickens describes it as 'a splendid laugh, a most illustrious laugh'. Dickens uses repetition in a different than before, but now instead of saying 'good afternoon' to make his nephew go, he repeats 'hallo' and chuckles repeatedly. He even says 'hallo' instead of 'hello' to show the ecstatic joy he is in. When Bob comes to the office, Scrooge plays a trick on Bob showing humour and playfulness, it says he 'feigns' to be mean which shows he is naturally nicer. And he even says 'A merry Christmas, Bob' whereas before he would say 'humbug' showing his new view on Christmas. A Christmas Carol's most important message is that it is never too late to change. There is good in everyone. Scrooge is shown contrasting visions, one of light and joy and the other of darkness and avarice and Dickens shows everyone can change. The moral in this story of giving and being kind is still applied to today because without them everyone would be mean like Scrooge. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. How Does Dickens Portray Poverty In A Christmas Carol.

    This shows the slow down fall of his child and how Tim thinks about his life "He told me, coming home, that he hoped the people saw him in the church, because he was a cripple, and it might be pleasant to them to remember upon Christmas Day, who made lame beggars walk, and blind men see."

  2. A Christmas Carol - Explore Scrooges Transformation from the beginning of the novel to ...

    Charles Dickens repetitively uses the word chuckle to emphasise how happy Scrooge is. As Scrooge walks through the streets he sees many people. 'Scrooge regarded every one with a delighted smile. He looked so irresistibly pleasant, in a word, that three or four good-humoured fellows said, "Good morning, sir!

  1. Scrooge makes a moral journey in Dickens A Christmas Carol. Examine the development of ...

    Another main theme is morality (good and bad) I know this because the theme represents Scrooges journey from a horrible bitter man who says and does horrible and bitter things like saying 'coal and costly' and 'humbug' into a kind, giving man who says and does kind things like saying

  2. In this essay I intend to show how Scrooges character changes throughout the book ...

    Scrooge cannot understand this as he is used to so much more than what they have and having to do with such a small amount is not in his 'culture'.

  1. Show how Dickens presents the change in Scrooge's view of life and death. Look ...

    The story is set back in the 19th Century, in London. There are many locations that Scrooge is carried away to. Each of them are quickly shown to Scrooge to show him different aspects of life. Scrooge's home and office are described in some detail as is the "Rag and Bone" shop; however most locations are only briefly sketched.

  2. How and why does Scrooge's Character change throught the book "A Christmas Carol"?

    answers with "good afternoon" three times to try and get rid of his nephew. This shows the reader how mean Scrooge is, and how he is unwilling to listen or be kind, and it also shows how Fred cares for Scrooge or he would not bother to be so kind to him all the time.

  1. How effectively and to what purpose does Dickens use the device of flashbacks and ...

    The first place that the spirit brings Scrooge is where he had been brought up as a child and the way I had found this out is because Scrooge exclaims, "I was bred in this place. I was a boy here!"

  2. Who or what is responsible for Scrooge's change of character in 'A Christmas Carol'?

    I was bred in this place. I was a boy here'. The conjunction of the Christian discourse ?Oh Heaven? and ?I was a boy here? would implicate that his youth was beloved, and the nostalgic ?Oh? would suggest his overwhelming desire to revisit his youth.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work