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How does Dickens effectively portray the transformation in Scrooges Character?

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Introduction

How does Dickens effectively portray the transformation in Scrooge's Character? A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens Set in the 1840s on Christmas Eve, A Christmas Carol novella is about the transformation of the protagonist, Ebenezer Scrooge. A wealthy and elderly man, Scrooge is considered miserly and misanthropic. As he prepares for bed on Christmas Eve in his solitary, dark chambers, Scrooge is visited by the ghost of his former partner, Jacob Marley. Marley was almost as selfish as Scrooge, and now his spirit is being punished. He tells Scrooge that he must change his ways and warns Scrooge would be visited by three more ghosts: the Spirits of Christmas Past, Present, and Future. During Victorian times there was a big gap between the rich and poor. The poor lived in poverty or were forced to work in workhouses. This was a place where people would work, sleep and eat to get very little money. Dickens is trying to make people aware of the people that were not so well off in the Victorian times and the difference between them and rich people. In the first stave, Dickens describes the character of Scrooge as a "tight fisted hand at the grindstone". ...read more.

Middle

His status drops as he 'begged' the ghost to lead him on, showing vulnerability in his personality at this stage. Scrooge watches Fezziwig, his old boss, dance and enjoy his party he recognises the joy that Fezziwig gives to his employees by kindness rather than money. As the spirit takes Scrooge on this journey Scrooge recognises that his past life has made him scared of living. Eventually he sees his past love, and recognises that he turned his back upon human passion. Scrooge is made to watch the moment when his life changed in the past and he had no hope of being happy again. When he sees this moment that changed his life, it makes him feel regretful, he says 'no more' but the spirit forces him to see the happiness that he could have experienced with this woman who he loved. From this we can deduce that though Scrooge is responsible for his own unhappiness by turning his back on all the things that he could of have. The ghost takes him to Bob Cratchit's house as Scrooge watches the simple pleasures of family life that he denied. ...read more.

Conclusion

Instead of shunning people away he greets them 'taking the old gentleman by both hands'. This is a reoccurring image of Scrooge's hands, instead of grabbing for money it is happiness instead. He even laughs for the first time as Dickens describes it as 'a splendid laugh, a most illustrious laugh'. Dickens uses repetition in a different than before, but now instead of saying 'good afternoon' to make his nephew go, he repeats 'hallo' and chuckles repeatedly. He even says 'hallo' instead of 'hello' to show the ecstatic joy he is in. When Bob comes to the office, Scrooge plays a trick on Bob showing humour and playfulness, it says he 'feigns' to be mean which shows he is naturally nicer. And he even says 'A merry Christmas, Bob' whereas before he would say 'humbug' showing his new view on Christmas. A Christmas Carol's most important message is that it is never too late to change. There is good in everyone. Scrooge is shown contrasting visions, one of light and joy and the other of darkness and avarice and Dickens shows everyone can change. The moral in this story of giving and being kind is still applied to today because without them everyone would be mean like Scrooge. ...read more.

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