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How does Dickens make us feel for Pip?

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Azadhassan Gulamali 10GL Prose Coursework Coursework Question: In the extract where Pip, a boy from a very humble background meets Miss Havisham, a rich but eccentric lady dickens wants the reader to feel sympathetic towards Pip. How does he make us feel this way? In this assignment, I will analyse, discuss and comment on the techniques Charles Dickens (Dickens) uses as a writer to gain sympathy for the main character Pip. I will look closely at setting, language, characterisation, the opening and closing of the extract. I will also quote ideas and phrases from the text to help me analyse and explain. Pip, the main character, is a lonely orphaned child. He lives with his sister and her husband the blacksmith. We know that Pip's family is poor because they live of a blacksmith wages, not very much. The novel is set in the Victorian era where social status played a major role in daily life; we see this in the novel. Pip's sister brought him up by 'hand' and finds he is a burden on her. Dickens chose to make the main character, Pip, lonely and poor to gain our sympathy. This novel is written in the voice first person, as if it were Pip telling the story. Dickens wrote this novel from Pip's point of view. Pip is telling us the story when he is much older, as if he were thinking back to when he was a child. The fact that Dickens chose to make Pip, the main character, the narrator instead of another character creates a bond between Pip and us, the readers. ...read more.


We find Estella is picking on Pip, and Pip is hurt by these comments. The fact that Pip is hurt by these comments motivates Estella as a character. She comments on his clothes, 'coarse hands...thick boots'. Pips emotions begin to reveal, we feel sorry for him. He 'began to consider them a very indifferent pair'- Estella's contempt for Pip is so strong he caught it. We, as the reader, know that Pips self- esteem is shattered and yet Estella denounces him for a 'clumsy labouring- boy'. Note the emphasis on social status, she wants Pip to cry. Havisham continues to order Pip about; as if he were a slave- she has not even the slightest respect for him. Pip is not asked when he would like to come he is told, 'again after six days. You hear' Havisham's tone is sharp and stern. Although it is not only Havisham who orders Pip about, Estella does too. 'Wait her, you boy,' only a few years older than Pip and yet she treats him badly. Pip bursts out at the end of the extract; he says she treated him 'as if he were a dog in disgrace'. He felt 'humiliated, hurt, spurned, and offended'. Tears began to treacle down Pips eyes and on those slightly emotional readers too. Pip begins to hate himself by the end of his visit, 'took a hard twist at my hair'. He has an emotional breakdown, this is very affective. It gains our sympathy. Dickens had use language successfully. ...read more.


He describes the rich materials that are there, the 'satins and lace'. At the beginning he describes Havisham in depth, from the clothes she is wearing till the structure of her body. He describes her body, 'shrunk to skin and bone'. Dickens describes in depth as it keeps us interested and helps us imagine. Havisham is also noticed as a rich character as she has jewels lying about, 'some bright jewels sparkled on her neck'. Everything is described as withered, which indicates something very odd. We also notice Havisham is unwelcoming and cold. Although we still have hope that she will like Pip. The ending of the extract is very different to the beginning; the mood is very sad and depressing. By the end of the extract Pip is hurt and has begun to hate himself and his image. Estella's comments so strong he begins to believe them. Pip is fuming at the end, he feels so hurt and humiliated. We empathise with him greatly and hate Havisham, that she did not protect Pip. We loose all hope for Pip, and hope he doesn't have to live with Havisham. It ends in Pip crying against a wall, so Estella cannot see him. Dickens was successful in gain sympathy for Pip, eh used various effective techniques. I think that Pip gained the most sympathy at the end where he began to cry. Estella's words which were very harsh effect Pip. The characters Dickens chose motivated Pip's emotions. Dickens chose the right mixture of techniques to make Pip more loveable. Dickens gains a lot of sympathy for Pip by basing the story around his misfortunes. ...read more.

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