• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Does Dickens portray the Three Spirits in A Christmas Carol? What would they represent to Victorians?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In the Classic Novel 'A Christmas Carol' Charles Dickens describes three spirits who visit the character Ebenezer Scrooge. The three spirits are: Christmas past, Christmas Present and Christmas yet to come. Scrooge sees visions and is shown the joys if his youth, reminded of his present responsibilities, and warned of the consequences of his meanness. This results in Scrooge reforming into a changed man. This essay will examine inspect the three different spirits and what they represented to the Victorians. The First Spirit, the ghost of Christmas past is described as an 'unearthly visitor' a strange figure like a child, and 'yet not so like a child as like an old man.' This makes the spirit so much more unusual and means that the physical appearance is that of a young man, yet he is from the past and so viewed through a 'supernatural medium' or an 'unknown substance.' The spirits voice is also described as unusual, 'soft, gentle and singularly low' and 'as if from a distance' this also represents his being from the past. The spirit is described to have a clear jet of light from his head which scrooge wants to cover. ...read more.

Middle

With bare feet and a large protecting green robe. This showed that the spirit is close to Nature and Natural, it also shows us that nothing about him is false, he is very truthful and the Victorians would value these qualities. Dark brown curls, pleasant, cheerful face, sparkling eyes, cheery voice and honest are all words which the author uses to describe this particular spirit. The spirit is also described to be holding an empty sword holder, this represents the spirit is not into violence. Once scrooge steps into the room, it has been transformed, full of food, light and colour representing a celebration, Victorians would see this as having good will to all men. With everything being expensive and lush it almost shows the spirit going to excess. The spirit then says to scrooge 'come in and know me better' this again commands attention and shows the ghost is slightly pushy and won't be ignored. The spirit goes on to show the Christmas at present, it shows him how the poor contend with difficulties and manage. The spirit then sprinkles incense on people if they argued, for Christmas spirit and hope and restoring their goodwill towards each other. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Charles Dickens portrayed the Three Spirits of Christmas as examples and warnings to the Victorians. As Scrooge is reminded that he has a responsibility to help others in society, the Victorians would understand this message as a reminder to do the same. Scrooge is warned that if he continues being interested only in money, he will die a lonely and hated man. The Spirit of Christmas yet to come also reminds Scrooge that he will be punished for his meanness in the next life. Victorians strongly believed that what they did in this life would be punished or rewarded in the next. They would understand the message that they must live a 'God-Fearing life' if they were to be rewarded after death. The final message to Victorians is that it is never too late to change. Scrooge sees the error of his ways and becomes a changed man, generous and happy to be amongst others. Victorians wanted to improve people and society and they would understand the message that everyone can change for the better. Alex Lilley How Does Dickens portray the Three Spirits in 'A Christmas Carol?' What would they represent to Victorians? Alex Lilley How Does Dickens portray the Three Spirits in 'A Christmas Carol?' What would they represent to Victorians? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. Examine the presentation of the three spirits and Marley's ghost in

    The strangest thing about the ghost was that from the crown of its head sprang a clear jet of light, which by all was visible to see ' and was doubtless the occasion of its using, in its duller moments, a great extinguisher for a cap, which it now held under its arm.'

  2. How Does Dickens Portray Poverty In A Christmas Carol.

    ``I'm very glad to hear it'' answers Scrooge to help the philanthropists regarding the workhouse. ``Many can't go there; and many would rather die.'' This depicts the truly callous side to the class division. ``If they would rather die,'' said Scrooge, ``they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population".

  1. How effectively has charles dickens managed to portray a range of different attitudes through ...

    he is too poor; with which the nephew retaliates that in that case Scrooge has no right to be unhappy at Christmas time as he is very rich. Once again Dickens has used this effective contrast in opinion to emphasise the difference in attitude between the rich and the poor.

  2. A Christmas Carol - Marley's Ghost.

    A very little more is all permitted to me. I cannot rest, I cannot stay, I cannot linger anywhere. My spirit never walked beyond our counting- house - mark me - in life my spirit never roved beyond the narrow limits of our money-changing hole; and weary journeys lie before me!'

  1. The novel 'A Christmas Carol', by Charles

    in his grating voice' Dickens paints an amazing picture of scrooge being a bitter, cold and twisted old man. All the adjectives he uses are harsh sounding and they make him appear cold. Dickens refers to scrooge very often as being cold, because cold makes him sound miserable, his surroundings are always cold.

  2. Dickens Presentation of the four Spirits in 'A Christmas Carol'

    The first line of the description portrays excellently the appearance of this unusual spirit: 'It was a strange figure - like a child; yet not so like a child as like an old man'. Dickens shows that even though this spirit is a child, representing youth and looking back in

  1. Explore how the theme of the Victorians society is present by Charles Dickens in ...

    They would also have to pay to the baker to cook their goose because they wouldn't have enough room to cook it by them selves. By comparison the rich at Christmas would get rocking horses and other wooden toys. They would have cooks doing everything for them and they would eat turkey instead of goose.

  2. ‘The First Miracle’ by Jeffery Archer, ‘Memories Of Christmas’ by Dylan Thomas and ‘A ...

    He may go to prison. The mother in this Roman family (Mater) seems a kind, caring sort of person. She is very understanding and protective especially of her son. She is also very pragmatic this is shown when she chooses to wear the clothes of the locals to keep cool but she changes back into

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work