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how does Edgar allan poe and Goethe use poetic devices to create suspense and tension in their poems

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Gothic poetry draft "Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary," (1) Here the poet creates suspense because the person in the poem is thinking deeply. Pondering deep thoughts puts the reader in suspense because one wonders what those thoughts are. In the initial line of Edgar Allan Poe's poem "The Raven," suspense is created more than once, because the fact that the reader doesn't know what's making the person in the poem weak. Suspense and tension are common aspects of gothic literature. In the Raven the disheartened narrator is searching for a way to bring back his deceased wife by scanning through black magic books. Whilst doing this along comes a raven. The narrator thinks it can help him but the raven only answers with the enigmatic word 'nevermore.' The narrator is left in madness and is haunted by the raven at the end of the poem. In this essay I will be comparing and contrasting Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven," with another gothic poem, Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe's "The Erlking." I will also show how the two create suspense and tension. ...read more.


Edgar Allan Poe similarly uses his characters to add to the suspense. In the raven the antagonist or the conflict in the poem is the raven. Similar to the Erlking we do not know whether the raven is real or whether it has supernatural powers. "Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night's plutonian shore!" (47) "Quoth the Raven, "Nevermore." (48) "And the Raven, never flitting, still is sitting, still is sitting" (103) "And his eyes have all the seeming of a demon's that is dreaming;" (105) The above show how Poe suspense in his poem. He does this because he leaves us in suspense to the true identity of the Raven at the end of lines 47 and 48. Also at the end of lines 103 and 105, Poe leaves one in terrific suspense because we do not know whether the Raven was real or not. Another way that both Poe and Goethe similarly create tension and suspense are at the end of the poems which gets one to really think about it. In Goethe's poem, he creates suspense at the end because we don't know whether the Erlking was real or whether the child was hallucinating. ...read more.


(29) "But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you came rapping," (21) "And so faintly you came tapping-tapping at my chamber door,"(22) In these quotes the onomatopoeia words are: whispered, murmured, rapping and tapping. All of these words all add up to creating sound imagery and sound imagery builds tension and suspense. When they use the word whispered when it makes one think that the word is being whispered to them so they feel connected to the poem and will make them want to read on. They will feel as though the word Lenore is being whispered in their ear and they do not know who she is so they will want to read on to find that out. When they use the word tapping it creates sound imagery for the reader and they feel like someone is tapping on their own door. They do not know who it is that is tapping on the door so by creating sound imagery will make the reader want to be in the poem therefore creating suspense. It also creates tension because they do not know who is tapping on the door and it could be someone or something scary behind the door although they still want to find out. ?? ?? ?? ?? Amy.Savigar Mr.Swanson. 10G1 14/10/08 ...read more.

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