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How Does Golding Explore the Idea that Human Nature is essentially evil in Lord of the Flies?

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Introduction

How Does Golding Explore the Idea that Human Nature is essentially evil in Lord of the Flies? During the 1950s when Golding had written Lord of the Flies war and conflict was amongst them. World War Two had recently ended and there was strong tension between Russia and the West. Russia and America had been building up nuclear weapons since the 1930's, believing that these weapons would protect them from attack. This is known as the Cold War. In the book Golding constantly gives us hints that war is going on, for example when Piggy reminds Ralph that the plane crashed because they were attacked. The adult world at the time was full of evil and hate which is shown in the book. For example Hitler, whose aggresive ways seem to mirror the actions of Jack, who throughout the novel builds up power, eventually forming a 'dictatorship'. ...read more.

Middle

Towards the end of the novel both of these important items are destroyed. Golding shows that human nature is evil by making the two sainest characters join in the killing of Simon. The glasses symbolised intelligence and thought so when they were destroyed Ralph often metions a 'curtain' meaning he can't think clearly. The beast is first 'sighted' by a 'little'un' who said he saw a snake like beast in the night that turned out be a creeper when daylight returned. This 'beast' is probably the most important factor in book because it symbolises 'fear in the heart of man'. Initially the boys take no notice of this 'little'un' but as time goes on' other boys believe they have seen the beast but in a different form. Jack tries to show his bravery by offering hunt down the beast. Ralph tries to be rational and explain that there is no such thing but he has difficulty persuaded the other boys. ...read more.

Conclusion

Simon is shown to be unconventional; he is also thoughtful and kind. He is shown to be good till the end. He often will just go off on his own which eventually puts him it great danger because once he wandered off during the night and a 'little'un' saw him and believed him to be the beast. Golding was a very relious man, some people think that Simon represents Jesus. He dies because he tries telling the others the truth about the soldier whom they believe is the beast but they don't care. He has a conversation with the Lord of the Flies which represents the confrontation between good and evil. Some of the words that Golding uses when he is talking about Simon describe religious scences; the candle bud's open wide as he sits alone in the forest at dusk which makes you think of church candles. He is the true exception in this book the one that is truly good. ...read more.

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