• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does JB Priestly use dramatic devices in an inspector calls to have an effect on the audience

Extracts from this document...


Dramatic Devices Priestley uses dramatic devices very well throughout his play to convey his concerns and ideas to the audience. The dramatic devices he uses affect the play remarkably. Moreover, the dramatic devices relate to his concerns: lies, pride, love and responsibility. He creates an impression on the audience by using dramatic devices; different devices are used to create different impressions on the audience. Firstly, a dramatic device that Priestley uses is lighting. The lighting used, changes throughout the play, depending on the situation and the atmosphere. Before the inspector arrives, when the atmosphere is light-hearted and joyful, the lighting is pink, warm and friendly, suggesting that everyone in the room is close together; there is no friction or tension amongst the characters. However, when the inspector arrives, the lighting becomes more intense and powerful, furthering the added impression of extra tension. This impression is backed up in the text, which states, 'Pink and intimate until the inspector arrives and then brighter and harder afterwards'. This shows that the inspector is a bringer of truth - he changes the tone and atmosphere from comfortable to awkward - unmasks the creations of wealth and privilege and exposes the ugly truths underneath society's veneer. The themes or concerns that this aspect of dramatic devices relate to here are lies and pride. ...read more.


This gives the play a realist , naturalistic tone - shows that they have pride, which will eventually bring them down. Priestley uses stage directions as another dramatic device which helps to establish the characters and the way that they speak to each other. It ascertains how the characters must act - directs emotion and creates tension - the mood is often divided in the way characters speak. Lies and pride which the characters tell and have at the start and which are principally destroyed by the end. Sheila (gaily, possessively), 'I should jolly well think not', this shows that her character is all happy on the outside, but deep inside and under the surface, there is a lot of trouble going on in her mind! Mrs Birling (reproachfully), 'Arthur, you're not supposed to say such things -'. This shows that Mrs Birling is insecure and doesn't want such subjects discussed in front of her children. Finally, on page nine, stage directions are used by Priestley as a way of building up tension: Eric (sitting down) Yes, please. (take decanter and helps himself.) Mother says we mustn't stay too long. But I don't think it matters. I left 'em talking about clothes again. Further down the page, after Birling has spoken to Eric about the representation of women's clothes, Eric gets interested and, (eagerly) ...read more.


There is tension as each blunder, contributing to Eva Smith's suicide is revealed. Another type of dramatic tension used by Priestley is that of climax. This is often called or known as a cliff-hanger, and as a reader, it makes you want to read on, or watching the play, it makes you want to see what happens. It is a very effective technique. J.B. Priestley uses this technique right at the end of act one, where it is left with the inspector saying, 'Well?'. The tension comes because it is about to be revealed, how Gerald contributed to Eva Smith's suicide. This is a very effectual to be used for plays, because when it is being acted there will be breaks between each act and therefore the audience are left wanting to know what will happen at the start of the next act. Finally, the last dramatic device that Priestley uses is style. He uses two styles throughout his play and they both create a different impression on the audience and he includes both of them for different purposes. Firstly, a detective thriller style: this is to do with revelations of how characters are involved in Eva Smith's death and the other, known as morality play. This relates to how much the characters are responsible for their actions and how much guilt and regret they express when the Inspector points it out to them. The style device relates directly with dramatic tension. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. an inspector calls

    actions when he says "if men will not learn that lesson then they will be taught in fire, blood and anguish." This shows that people will go to hell or a war will brake out. I think the Inspector is more than just a police inspector because he really makes

  2. How does Arthur Miller use techniques to show Eddie's changing relationships

    Eddie further tries to prove to her niece that 'he's only bowin' to his passport.' On the contrary, Catherine defends Rodolfo by saying 'I don't think so'. She is very frustrated by the fact that Eddie does not trust Rodolfo, makes her depressed.

  1. How does J.B Priestly use the inspector to create a sense of mystery and ...

    Inspector Goole's physical approached managed to successfully intimated Mr. Birling just as he made an entrance. Mr. Birling's a well known figure in society; he was certainly not going to allow a stranger to take the better of him and as a result he tried to confuse the inspector by mentioning that he was "an alderman for years".

  2. spring and port wine-themes of parenting and genaration gap

    We learn at the end of the play all he wants in a home is order. Hilda and Rafe are very much alike as they are both stubborn and the herring incident results in a much bigger argument, Rafe over reacts and Hilda shows resentment and anger as she helped

  1. Spring and Port Wine

    Betsy Jane is a rich source of quotes regarding Rafe, including 'Scratch him if I [Betsy Jane] got any chance' 'his domineering ways' and 'What right has he to interfere with your housekeeping?' These quotes reinforce the fact that Rafe (in Betsy Jane's opinion)

  2. How does J.B. Priestley make use of dramatic devices in Act One of 'An ...

    First and foremost, Priestly uses lighting as a dramatic device. Depending on the situation, and ambience on stage, the lighting adjusts to the appropriate brightness. For example, in the beginning of the play in the dining-room where the family are seated, the lighting is "pink and intimate"; signifying the closeness

  1. Haylesdown - Original Writing

    end of the platform, he wiped the palm of his hand on his grubby trousers before carefully gripping the blade. Ryan rolled his shoulders wondering why he was doing this before leaping off the platform into the air, he shouted a quick curse before bringing the blade down into the side of the monsters neck.

  2. Comparision of the proposals in Pride and Prejudce

    She was also very disappointed as when the doorbell rang she had hoped it was Colonel Fitzwilliam. He had once called at this time before and she was hoping that he would be enquiring about her in particular. Darcy's hurried manner suggests that he was nervous, yet father excited, possibly because he had something important to say.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work