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How does Macbeth come to persuade to kill the king?

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Introduction

How does Macbeth come to persuade to kill the king? William Shakespeare was born on April 23rd 1564 in Stratford, England. In the 1590's Shakespeare joined a touring theatre company in London. He was the lead actor of the company, which was called " The Lord Chamberlain's Men." By the late1590's Shakespeare became a well know writer. In 1599, he founded the Globe theatre, an open playhouse in London, with six other friends and called themselves "The King's Men" with King James 1's permission in 1603. On April 23rd 1616 Shakespeare died. As a lover of the theatre, King James became patron to the troop of one of his most favourite subjects who was William Shakespeare, the playwright. Shakespeare and the king held a special relationship as they both loved literature and plays. During Shakespeare's time, most people were very superstitious because they believed in the supernatural. This was shown in the language from that time in the play "Macbeth". Shakespeare's Macbeth explores the change in character from a kind, respectable warrior to a murdering, lying "fiend", through desire and greed. We see the true Macbeth as "brave, valiant and heroic". The captain describes Macbeth's personality by saying, "for brave Macbeth, well he deserves that name." This creates the image of a hero and warrior. To the audience they see a patriotic figure that is highly regarded by the captain. Macbeth and his friend Banquo were said to be "cannons overcharged with double cracks." ...read more.

Middle

When the messenger enters he says, "the king comes tonight", the audience then sees Lady Macbeth's shock as she thinks Macbeth has committed the murder. When she realises that the messenger was trying to say Duncan, she states "the raven himself is hoarse" meaning she must take action. The scream or a raven was used to symbolise that a murder had happened. If the audience heard the sound they would know that the murder occurred. This was useful, as they didn't need to see the murder being committed. Lady Macbeth shows more of her evil side to the audience by asking evil spirits to take over her body, "unsex me her, and fill me, from the crown of toe, top-full of direst cruelty... to cry " hold, hold" ". Lady Macbeth shows that if she were a man then she would commit the crime, but I think that she uses this line to make it seem as if she was willing to kill if she were a man although she is a woman. The audience can see that the desire to kill the king comes from Lady Macbeth after the initial concept from the witches. The witches therefore trigger off Lady Macbeth's desire rather than it being only Lady Macbeth's scheme. When Macbeth arrives she tells him to like" an innocent flower but be the serpent under't". This would amuse the audience as at that time there was a coin with a flower on one side and a serpent on the other, as a symbol of the gun powder plot. ...read more.

Conclusion

This gives enough time for the actors to get changed and to also clean themselves. The imagery of clothing "borrowed robes" and "strange garments" begin to develop. This creates an image of disguise: Macbeth, as it were, hides behinds his clothes. Even though Banquo was present throughout the witches' prediction he could be tempted to kill the king or plot against him, but he doesn't. This shows that Macbeth's grief and ambition to become king is inspiring him compared to Banquo carrying on with his normal life. In conclusion the witches and Lady Macbeth are the 2 main influences on Macbeth at the start of the play which persuades him to kill the king. The witches are influential as they use prophecies to make Macbeth want more. They seem strange to him and also intriguing which makes him want more. He wonders after the first two prophecies come true whether it is luck but immediately knows that the witches are telling the truth, therefore he will become king. The witches tell him that he will become king so Macbeth decides to kill the king in order to speed up the process. His wife is the other main factor, although after receiving the letter from Macbeth about the witches she wants Macbeth to kill the king for her own desires. She uses lots of emotive language as well as blackmail in order to quicken the process, as she knows that they will become monarchs sooner or later. Overall the witches have an impact on Lady Macbeth as they cause her to try and persuade her husband to assassinate the king and therefore be sentenced to a life of misery and damnation. ...read more.

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