• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Major seek to persuade the animals in chapter one of Animal Farm?

Extracts from this document...


'How does old Major seek to persuade the animals in Chapter 1 of Animal Farm?' There are many ways in which Orwell uses rhetoric in order to persuade the audience (the farm animals). Old Major wants to create an animal utopia, and in order to do this, encourages rebellion within the farm. Techniques such as pathos and rhetorical questions are used effectively with a wide variety of other techniques e.g. antithesis, anaphora and ethos being used, though perhaps not as widely or as well as the two devices mentioned previously (pathos and rhetorical questions). The other main persuasive method was via structure, which was also used successfully. Pathos and emotive vocabulary is used extensively in the speech. For example,'...our lives are miserable, laborious and short...' this phrase is very good because he (Old Major) refers to himself as one of his audience which makes them listen to him. This is also an example of emotive vocabulary because Orwell could have written 'our lives are sad, tiring and short' but he didn't he used his vocabulary to make the reader really think about what he was saying. ...read more.


Note how he uses the word 'comrades'-it is used extensively and is one of the linguistic points at which one can identify this speech, and the rest of the book with the communist Bolshevik revolution in which we may even compare Old Major to Lenin. With the question mentioned, Old Major is inviting discussion on the subject, but also see how there is no talking during the speech as well as showing high respect for the pig, it also shows that Orwell means all the questions to be rhetorical and Old Major answers many, if not all, of them himself. The use of exclamations often follows the use of rhetorical questions, 'But is this simply part of the order of nature? Is it this land of ours is so poor that it cannot afford a decent life to those who dwell upon it? No, comrades, a thousand times no!' In this case, Orwell builds up to the climax of the speech with more and more rhetorical question which he then proceeds to answer in one sentence. ...read more.


The refutation continues for approx. two more paragraphs before old Major sums up his argument, has a vote and then proceeds to sing 'Beats of England'. This speech is successful and the rebellion occurs soon after. Unfortunately, (drawing parallels with Lenin) after his death there begins a power struggle between Napoleon and Snowball. This speech is successful because firstly, Old Major is old and wise which makes the animals want to listen to him, he has a point which is extremely relevant to his audience, he uses natu8re to justify his claims which can be very opinionated especially in the context of the natures versus nurture debate which encompasses issues like GM food and its ethical implications etc. Refutation and Peroration are also quite relevant, it is relatively esay for Old Major to reject a pro-hman argument because the animls have only experienced Mr Jones and so already hold an anti-human view. Perroration is also quite easy to do because, again this is extremely relavent and the song id a very good ending to the argument because it is an effective summary. TT: 1hr 45mins 1066 words 1 14/11/06 2 Rhetoric: the art of persuasion(11/10/06) ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Animal Farm section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A good essay that analyses structure, language and form. The expression and linking of points is a bit clunky at times and more fluidity in writing would enable improved effective written communication - which is now an element awarded marks at GCSE for all pieces.

4 Stars

Marked by teacher Laura Gater 29/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Animal Farm essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Who is the hero of Animal Farm?

    4 star(s)

    The animals acknowledge Boxer has a hero after the battle of the cowshed when they award him the decoration of being "Animal hero, first class". The reader has an emotional connection with Boxer because we feel sad or even angry when he is taken to the knackery.

  2. Summarization of animal farm chapters 1-10

    Then he milked the cows and with rabbit hunting with his fellow farmers, but he always forgot to feed the animals. After he came back that day he went of to sleep. One of the cows was hungry so he broke in the store shed and began to eat the other joined in.

  1. Comparison between two novels; Frankenstein and Animal Farm - how dream, power and corruption ...

    George Orwell's real name was Eric Blair. He was born in 1903. He went to school at Eton, and after service with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma, he returned to Europe to earn his living writing novels and essays.

  2. Animal Farm - Comparison in between book and film

    However in the film every success is shown to us very clearly and nothing is 'hidden'. An example of this is when Napoleon steals the puppies for them to be his private guard. In the book the puppies were taken off the dog, but nothing was said about them being trained.

  1. Analysis of the role of Boxer in Animal Farm

    They were being worked to their deaths and the promises of a better future that they clung to, were empty. After Boxer's death the reader is informed that, "The pigs have acquired the money to buy themselves another case of whiskey".

  2. Squealer and the corrupt use of Propaganda - Animal Farm.

    The animals have no reason to disagree and continue believing that life was much better than it was in Jones' day. Here, Orwell is trying to show that the public are unaware of any truths and this dictatorial regime is able to continue in this manner (lies and propaganda).

  1. "All animals are equal, some are more equal than others" - How is the ...

    This act was made comical because much like in Russia the plan kept on failing, but the government proceeded in actions anyway. The so-called "working class" of the Animal Farm, which at first had a bright future, was turned into more of a "slave class".

  2. Closely examine Old Major's Speech to the animals in Chapter 1 and disscuss the ...

    He uses words such "we" and "us" to ensure a sense of humbleness among his fellow animals. This use of pronouns is seen in the opening lines of Old Major's speech. The word "comrades" is used to address the animals creating a sense of togetherness and trust.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work