• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Major seek to persuade the animals in chapter one of Animal Farm?

Extracts from this document...


'How does old Major seek to persuade the animals in Chapter 1 of Animal Farm?' There are many ways in which Orwell uses rhetoric in order to persuade the audience (the farm animals). Old Major wants to create an animal utopia, and in order to do this, encourages rebellion within the farm. Techniques such as pathos and rhetorical questions are used effectively with a wide variety of other techniques e.g. antithesis, anaphora and ethos being used, though perhaps not as widely or as well as the two devices mentioned previously (pathos and rhetorical questions). The other main persuasive method was via structure, which was also used successfully. Pathos and emotive vocabulary is used extensively in the speech. For example,'...our lives are miserable, laborious and short...' this phrase is very good because he (Old Major) refers to himself as one of his audience which makes them listen to him. This is also an example of emotive vocabulary because Orwell could have written 'our lives are sad, tiring and short' but he didn't he used his vocabulary to make the reader really think about what he was saying. ...read more.


Note how he uses the word 'comrades'-it is used extensively and is one of the linguistic points at which one can identify this speech, and the rest of the book with the communist Bolshevik revolution in which we may even compare Old Major to Lenin. With the question mentioned, Old Major is inviting discussion on the subject, but also see how there is no talking during the speech as well as showing high respect for the pig, it also shows that Orwell means all the questions to be rhetorical and Old Major answers many, if not all, of them himself. The use of exclamations often follows the use of rhetorical questions, 'But is this simply part of the order of nature? Is it this land of ours is so poor that it cannot afford a decent life to those who dwell upon it? No, comrades, a thousand times no!' In this case, Orwell builds up to the climax of the speech with more and more rhetorical question which he then proceeds to answer in one sentence. ...read more.


The refutation continues for approx. two more paragraphs before old Major sums up his argument, has a vote and then proceeds to sing 'Beats of England'. This speech is successful and the rebellion occurs soon after. Unfortunately, (drawing parallels with Lenin) after his death there begins a power struggle between Napoleon and Snowball. This speech is successful because firstly, Old Major is old and wise which makes the animals want to listen to him, he has a point which is extremely relevant to his audience, he uses natu8re to justify his claims which can be very opinionated especially in the context of the natures versus nurture debate which encompasses issues like GM food and its ethical implications etc. Refutation and Peroration are also quite relevant, it is relatively esay for Old Major to reject a pro-hman argument because the animls have only experienced Mr Jones and so already hold an anti-human view. Perroration is also quite easy to do because, again this is extremely relavent and the song id a very good ending to the argument because it is an effective summary. TT: 1hr 45mins 1066 words 1 14/11/06 2 Rhetoric: the art of persuasion(11/10/06) ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Animal Farm section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A good essay that analyses structure, language and form. The expression and linking of points is a bit clunky at times and more fluidity in writing would enable improved effective written communication - which is now an element awarded marks at GCSE for all pieces.

4 Stars

Marked by teacher Laura Gater 29/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Animal Farm essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Animal Farm - Snowball's Diary

    4 star(s)

    We all worked well as a team and the harvest was a great success even though the work was very hard. For weeks now everyone has worked with each other and pulled together, but at times I am a bit wary of Napoleon because I do not think he is

  2. Marked by a teacher

    How does Orwell use the fable form to explore ideas about power in Animal ...

    4 star(s)

    These ideas echo many of Marx's theories. After the rebellion the pigs attempted to create Major's ideal society. Trotsky and Lenin established a Communist society where all wages were split equally between individuals. The battle of the Cowshed represents when the Tsar's loyal forces tried to regain Russia again but Trotsky's brilliant command over the Red Army meant the Bolsheviks stayed in power.

  1. Summarization of animal farm chapters 1-10

    Then he milked the cows and with rabbit hunting with his fellow farmers, but he always forgot to feed the animals. After he came back that day he went of to sleep. One of the cows was hungry so he broke in the store shed and began to eat the other joined in.

  2. Animal Farm character assessment - Boxer.

    The first paragraph of chapter 9 is ironic because Boxer is so loyal to his work and the farm, and that is what sends him to his death. He says he has "only one real ambition left- to see the windmill well underway before he reached the age of the retirement."

  1. Comparison between two novels; Frankenstein and Animal Farm - how dream, power and corruption ...

    George Orwell's real name was Eric Blair. He was born in 1903. He went to school at Eton, and after service with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma, he returned to Europe to earn his living writing novels and essays.

  2. Animal Farm - Comparison in between book and film

    However in the movie you could perfectly see what was going on: Napoleon took the puppies shortly after they were born and appeared in numerous occasions as his personal guard, accompanying him in his speeches and defending him when somebody, even Jessie, said something 'wrong'.

  1. Animal Farm, how is Napoleon portryed as an efective leader? Standard Grade English - ...

    It is for your sake we eat the milk and apples." Squealer changes the category he classes himself as from "us" being a commoner to "we", joining the pigs in receiving the luxuries. The use of the statement "it is for your sake" portrays Napoleon as somewhat heroic, the animals

  2. Power Corrupts and Absolute Power Corrupts Absolutely. Discuss in relation to "Animal Farm".

    Following Snowball?s expulsion Squealer and Napoleon trick the animals into believing that the windmill was Napoleon?s idea and that Snowball?s riddance was a ?sacrifice? that Napoleon had to make. As Napoleon gets more and more similar to a dictator, he breaks each of the Seven Commandments one by one and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work