• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Miller handle the theme of justice in The Crucible and what message does he impart on the audience?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How does Miller handle the theme of justice in The Crucible and what message does he impart on the audience? The word 'justice' can be defined as rightfulness and lawfulness, although I interpret it's meaning in this case as 'fairness'. In the play The Crucible, Miller's message to the audience is that there will always be some kind of injustice and unfairness. The witch trials show injustice in a very obvious way. They condemned people to death by hanging without a fair trial and a lawyer to represent them at the trial. Most of the injustice is centred around the court and the action of the judges who predetermine the fate of the accused by their closeness and regular attendance to church. Some of characters suffer a lack of justice, particularly the main character John Proctor. At the end of the play when John Proctor has been falsely accused of helping the devil, he refuses to sign his name to witchcraft on the public notice on the church door. He cries, "I have confessed myself it is enough", he doesn't want all the people of Salem to see his name signed to the false accusations. Instead he did what he thought was right for himself and by refusing to admit his 'guilt' he was taken to be executed. ...read more.

Middle

Parris is in a "small upper bedroom" which is claustrophobic especially when many people are present. The room has just one "narrow window" regulating the amount of light that can enter; this shows a form of control. When the play begins Parris is kneeling down praying, the characters assume he is asking God for the good health of his daughter but in fact he is putting on an act. The only thing Parris is truly concerned about is his reputation as a Reverend, and whether his household is the centre of "some obscene practice", witchcraft. Throughout act one we see people coming into this miniature room and leaving it, this creates a stronger feeling of claustrophobia. Later on in the play, John Proctor arrives home from work and tastes his wife's soup and seasons it to his liking without her noticing, he then comments "It's well seasoned". This also shows dramatic irony as the audience or reader knows more than the characters. Each of the scenes is set somewhere different, but each setting is inside. Act one is set in Parris' House, act two is set in Proctors House, act three is set in the Court and act four is set the prison cell. ...read more.

Conclusion

Miller uses the omniscient narrator to introduce each main character by giving a brief history of their life, "Proctor was a farmer" and "Mr Hale is nearing forty". He also uses it to describe the scenery and stage settings. This doesn't make a big impact on the reader as it isn't essential and it is not used in the play as it would lose the dynamics of the drama each time it is read. In many of the productions of The Crucible it is forgotten and not even put in the program. However it is useful in the book for serious readers because it portrays a greater vision of the setting. In conclusion, I believe that The Crucible is a play that shows injustice and unfairness clearly from which everyone can see and learn. Even if you don't know anything about McCarthyism you can still watch the play or read it and get something out of it, as you can learn how people act in different circumstances. You could possibly relate it to the events taking place in the United Kingdom in the late 20th Century and early 21st Century with the Muslims. Many Christians are afraid of Muslims because of the suicide bombers, and the mindset and belief of the suicide bombers are unknown to us, like witchcraft was unknown to the people of Salem. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Arthur Miller section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Arthur Miller essays

  1. How does Miller handle the theme of Justice in 'The Crucible' and what message ...

    suspected of being a communist sympathizer Miller was trying to put across the message to people to get them to think about what their evidence really means and if what people are convicted over is actually meaningless. Miller himself felt how unjust the system could be.

  2. How is the theme of Fear and paranoia created in the crucible?

    Salem was a theocracy, a type of government formed by combining the institutions of both state and church. When certain people began to be individualists, fear set into the community.

  1. What are the Key Themes of The Crucible and how does Miller introduce them ...

    The stage directions give you all the imagery you need and you can really imagine how the whole affair would have happened. Another theme of the book would undoubtedly be the want of power. This is made apparent by Miller by using the young girls to be the accusers.

  2. Examine miller's presentation of the marriage of John and Elizabeth proctor in the crucible. ...

    from now on although he is still tempted 'Abigail I may think of you softly from time to time. But I will cut off my hand before I reach for you again. Wipe it out of mind. We never touched Abby.'

  1. The Crucible - What do you think this play has to say to the ...

    Elizabeth tells John that he must tell Ezekiel Cheever, the constable, that Abigail admitted that Betty's sickness has nothing to do with witchcraft, but Proctor admits that nobody will believe him because he was alone with Abigail at the time. This disturbs Elizabeth, but Proctor reprimands her for her suspicion.

  2. How Does Miller convey his Message through 'The Crucible'?

    Anything that fell under these categories was heavily frowned upon, and thoroughly discouraged. This suspicion of the unknown fermented, and became almost mystical - which in turn lead to an association with witchcraft, and all kinds of evil. Association with the devil was easy to argue - it was wrong - and thus harsh punishments followed.

  1. How does Miller present the theme of selfishness in the Crucible?

    however, when he tells Danforth that there is danger for him if Proctor and Rebecca are hanged, he ?cries out?. The action of ?crying out? expresses an intense emotion. The fact that he cares more about his own safety than innocent people?s lives demonstrate his selfishness.

  2. John Proctor is the tragic hero of "The Crucible". Discuss

    In many ways Proctor is the tragic hero of ?The Crucible.? He has all the characteristics of a noble gentlemen and although he also has an aspect of arrogance about his personality which gradually disappears towards the end of the play, although not completely.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work