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How does Miller present the theme of selfishness in the Crucible?

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Introduction

´╗┐How does Miller present the theme of selfishness in the Crucible? The theme of selfishness is mainly presented through the actions and speeches of characters, including Abigail, Reverend Parris and Danforth. The theme of selfishness is demonstrated through the character of Abigail. She would do absolutely anything to get John Proctor, even though he is a married man. This is demonstrated through her determination to get rid of Elizabeth Proctor. She goes as far as accusing Elizabeth of witchery, so that Elizabeth will be hanged and she can then marry John Proctor. Her selfish desire is rightly summed up in John Proctor?s comment, ?She thinks to dance with me on my wife?s grave.? This highlights her selfishness as a ?grave-dancer? usually refers to someone who celebrates someone else?s misfortunes; however, she is actually even worse than a normal grave-dancer, as she will happily send Elizabeth to her death simply because she wants her husband. She also always put her own interests before anything else. Even though she claims to love John Proctor, she still puts herself first. When Mary accuses Proctor of witchery in order to save herself, she says nothing to defend him. ...read more.

Middle

This is ironic as he knows the truth. This demonstrates his selfishness as he cares more about his reputation and the authority of the court than the lives of the innocent people. In conclusion, the theme of selfishness is presented thoroughly through a number of characters and their actions. The characters of Abigail, Parris and Danforth demonstrate selfishness in their own different ways. ________________ How does Miller express ideas about fear in The Crucible? Intro: In The Crucible, Miller expresses the idea that fear, especially the fear of death, is something very powerful, so powerful that it can prompt people to act immorally, for example lying and accusing others; however, the fear of God is a good type of fear and prompts people to behave morally. This idea is demonstrated through the actions and speeches of a number of characters, including Tituba, Mary and Rebecca. 1st paragraph: Topic sentence: Tituba is a good and innocent person in the beginning of the play; however, she lies and accuses others of witchery as she is so frightened. She obviously never wants to lie, as she has tried her best to prove that she has not compacted with the Devil, but no one believed in her and she was forced to confess, or else she will be hanged. ...read more.

Conclusion

3rd paragraph: Topic sentence: Through the character of Rebecca, Miller expresses the idea the fear is not always a bad thing, as long as the object of fear is a good one. Rebecca is a good Christian, and because of her fear of God, she will not and cannot do anything immoral. In the final act, when she is persuaded to confess, she refuses by saying, ?It is a lie, it is a lie; how may I damn myself? I cannot, I cannot.? In her rhetorical question, she uses the verb ?damn?, which refers to the condemnation to hell to a Christian. She cannot lie because she is fearful of God and does not want an eternal punishment from God. Her fear of God prompts her to behave morally. Her fear for God overpowers her fear for death, as she says in the final scene, ?Let you fear nothing! Another judgement waits us all!? The fact that she uses two exclamation marks shows that she is fearless, and that the fear of death does not even have the slightest impact on her, because she knows that what she is doing is right and acceptable to God, whose judgement she fears more. ...read more.

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