• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Miller sustain tension in Act III of 'The Crucible'

Extracts from this document...


How does Miller sustain tension in Act III of 'The Crucible' Arthur Miller combines frustration, injustice a claustrophobic environment to create a crescendo of pure tension in Act III. As the seventeenth century is very different to our modern world, Miller recreates life without freedom of speech, rights, justice, equality and beliefs to the maximum, achieving his main aim of frustration. Miller also draws a parallel with this event and the McCarthyism that gripped America in the 1950's. Miller uses the audience expectation to create tension, as witchcraft has been branded in Salem. He uses tension as an entertainment experience, the accusations of devils and witchcraft appeals to the modern audience as the court's beliefs in the seventeenth century seem ridiculous to the twenty first century audiences. Miller relates this mass hysteria of witchcraft with the anticommunism mass hysteria called McCarthyism where people were burnt at the take for apparently being a communist. The audience is actually being challenged by Miller as he poses questions to them through the actions of the characters. ...read more.


Mrs Proctor is introduced to prove the new accusation to Danforth. During this Act a consistent occurrence of new accusations and stories unfold building to a huge crescendo where Elizabeth falsely Danforth denying her husband had slept with Abigail; 'I had confessed it.' After the removal of Elizabeth, again the frustration unravels with Abigail and the girls pretending to see the devil, however this time they view Mary Warren as the evil spirit. 'Oh Mary is this a black art to change your shape?' Finally after all the emotional trauma and tension, Mary Warren unexpectedly sides with the girls. Then she claims Proctor to be the devil. The girls again perform a convincing drama involving Proctor. Miller excellently the audience a frustration burst and uses fatalism to vary the tension. Miller conveys the tension with the settings. The 'vestry room' of the courthouse is significant as it is the place of action. The directing introduction is extremely useful in setting the tone of frustration; ' The room is empty'. ...read more.


We will prove ourselves. Now we will' Danforth is very much the opposite as he is perceived as bold, educated, legalistic, calm and unbending also Miller ironically symbolises Danforth as the enemy and the evil sprit. As the audience see Danforth shielding justice in the court he creates a huge amount of frustration, ' You will surely tell us the name'. The language used is inherently dramatic and emotional, but the legalistic, manipulative language of Danforth creates a contrast between the main characters: 'In case I have no choice but to arrest you of contempt of a hearing' Danforth's manner towards Proctor highlights his flawed characteristics which enables the audience to identify him with his characterisation point. Miller shows frustration through the eyes of Proctor which relates to the audience as they share the same frustration. Through the act Miller uses a wide range of techniques; structure, audience expectation, setting, language and description to concoct a crescendo of tension. Also Miller uses many motifs swell as tension; frustration, anger and fear to show the dangers and realities of mass hysteria. Alex Shelton ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Arthur Miller section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Arthur Miller essays

  1. How Does Arthur Miller use Theatrical Techniques and Dramatic Devises to Create and Sustain ...

    The Salem community was made up of Puritans who had emigrated from England to escape persecution for their religious beliefs in 1620. The community was insular living by it's own rules and regulations. Being Puritans they were very church loving and against the devil and ungodly acts such as dancing.

  2. Discuss How Tension Is Created Through Character, Language and Action in Act III of ...

    The tension builds as Proctor becomes more desperate. Another character who uses language and action to make Act III very tense is Abigail. Abigail is, essentially, Proctor's enemy and the whole Act is based around their fight for Mary Warren. Proctor is trying to win her with the witness of truth and to keep her stable whereas Abigail uses intimidation.

  1. GCSE Essay on Act III of the Crucible

    stage as trembling and petrified he shouts "I have known her, sir, I have known her" this echo of biblical terminology shows the absolute control theocracy has upon Salem and how language from the Bible has managed to integrate into everyday language.

  2. How Does Arthur Miller Create and Sustain Tension in Act 4 of 'The Crucible'?

    The audience now feels that they too must postpone the hangings in order to save reverend Parris. He tries to present a reason for his postponement plea by abruptly saying, to judge Danforth, "Excellency - a dagger - (He chokes up.)"

  1. Crucible : tension fear and hysteria

    They are made to work as an adult but are forbidden to act like or have freedom like them. However, to boys it was a different story and boys were able to be free and were able to do things and express their feelings, where as a girl was not.

  2. The Crucible How does Tension build into Hysteria in Act III.

    What Abigail does is could quite easily seen as mob psychology, she manipulates the hysteria of the crowd to for fill her own desires she always manages to avoid questioning by saying nothing or not answering "If I must answer that, I will leave and I will not come back

  1. Consider how Miller creates and maintains tension in Act 3 of The Crucible?

    She knows she is thought of as a child, therefore she appears innocent, and however the dramatic irony is that the audience know she is the cause of the insanity. As a result of this there is dramatic tension due to the audiences' awareness of Abigail's plan.

  2. How does Miller use dramatic tension to explore the dangers of injustice ad hysteria ...

    This vivid contrasts shows Abigail's "endless capacity for dissembling", as she almost manages to fool her uncle into believing her innocence, but cannot control her temper when Goody Proctor is mentioned. At this point, we see the tension in this scene heighten.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work