• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Orwell make the introduction to 1984 alarming?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How does Orwell make the introduction to 1984 alarming? Orwell immediately introduces the setting of the book; the title, 1984, reveals (or would have done when it was published in 1949) that it is set in the future. Orwell uses paradoxes to illustrate how different this world is from reality; in the very first line, he describes "a bright cold day in April" and clocks "striking thirteen". Orwell introduces Winston, along with the feelings of discomfort that always accompany him - the "vile wind", "gritty dust" and the smell "of boiled cabbage and old rag mats". Throughout the extract, the only emotions described are negative ones, those of discomfort and fear. ...read more.

Middle

This simple commanding statement reveals a lot about the setting - it is the first hint at the political state of Winston's world, a dictatorship where one man is all-powerful. It also hints at the way that the party invade the public's privacy with the patrols and thought police. This caption is repeated in the extract, emphasising its influence in society. In fact, the urban setting is important, symbolising the world itself. It is repeatedly described as "cold", both in a literal and figurative sense, making it seem uncomfortable. Furthermore, "there seemed to be no colour in anything, except the posters that were plastered everywhere", placing further emphasis on the party's influence. ...read more.

Conclusion

"The patrols did not matter" - "only the thought police mattered". What is especially alarming about this is the fear that Winston feels in his own home - he keeps his back to the telescreen because "it was safer" - and the idea that the government are controlling and policing even people's thoughts. Finally, the extract ends with another paradox - the slogans of the party. "WAR IS PEACE, FREEDOM IS SLAVERY, IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH". This seems strange; the first two are completely contradictory, since the words have opposite meanings - the party are advocating war and ignorance, while refuting freedom. What is alarming about this is that, while a political party should be doing what the people want it to, this one tells the people what to want. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE 1984 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

This essay engages well with the task, looking beyond the plot to the techniques Orwell uses to make the opening alarming. There is a clear awareness of how structure becomes important in making the novel seem alarming, and I like ...

Read full review

Response to the question

This essay engages well with the task, looking beyond the plot to the techniques Orwell uses to make the opening alarming. There is a clear awareness of how structure becomes important in making the novel seem alarming, and I like how there is a balance between analysis of language, setting and structure. This shows that the candidate is able to discuss a breadth of topics contributing towards a convincing argument. Although the essay makes it implicit that they are referring to the reader when saying "it is alarming", I would've made the reader response more prominent. Phrases such as "this technique forces the reader to question" or similar would show the awareness that the audience response is the most significant part here. If I were answering this question, I would've discussed in a conclusion why Orwell chooses to have the first chapter become alarming, looking how it sets up the rest of the novel and its significance.

Level of analysis

The analysis here is strong. What I particularly like about this essay is that quotes aren't just used, they are always analysed. For example they mention the "gritty dust" but go further to say that the only language used in the passage is negative. I would have liked to have seen the essay go that bit further with each point. After saying the language is of discomfort and fear, I would make an explicit reference to the question and say this makes it alarming. It was nice to see the paradoxes discussed, as this is a clear technique Orwell uses in his famous opening. Once again, the essay could've discussed how the surreal world affects the reader. The analysis here is fluent, and I put this down to the way they address the plot and its characters. Rather than saying "Winston is mundane" the essay writes "Orwell introduces Winston" showing the understanding that he is a construct. Once this foundation is built, this naturally forces the essay into discussing the effect of techniques and why they are used, and this is why the analysis is strong here.

Quality of writing

The essay doesn't have the clearest of structures. For example, the first paragraph jumps straight into a point rather than forming a coherent argument. There isn't a conclusion to weave together the points or make a justified judgement of why the opening is significant. It is a conclusion where the final marks can be gained, and I would always advise making a new comment in one! Some of the paragraphs seem to be a bit short, so I would recommend trying to gather some of the points together. Spelling, punctuation and grammar are strong and the style is good.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by groat 07/04/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE 1984 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    How is Orwell's attitude towards totalitarianism personified through the characters of Winston and O'Brian ...

    4 star(s)

    The act of sex was regarded as an attack against the party "When you make love you're using up energy; and afterwards you feel happy and don't give a damn for anything. They can't bear you to feel like that.

  2. Comparison of Offred and Winston in 1984 and The Handmaid's Tale

    It illustrates 1984's INGSOC's paradoxical idea of placing oneself at the centre of the universe to achieve greater good for everyone. Offred is comparable to Julia in their need to survive rather than possessing an ulterior motive.

  1. In the handmaids tale and 1984, compare their use of the dystopian genre.

    All these can been seen as quite feminim qualities. Atwood gives women a much more positive light, some argue that atwood is doing the same as orwell but simply reversing the roles and portraying men in a negative light. However I do not feel this as been correct. Orwell/winston never has anything postive attitude to women throughout the novel.

  2. Compare the Relationship and Characters of Winston and O'Brien

    However he soon puts Winston straight indicating that he is Winston's incarcerator and telling him "You knew this Winston" and adds "you have always known it" (both Page 251). After a series of beating that degrade Winston to a state of almost complete humiliation, O'Brien begins to interrogate him.

  1. The Assault by Harry Mulisch, The Remains of the Day by Kazuo Ishiguro, and ...

    He tells Takes that " 'there's nothing to discuss, really. What happened, happened. It doesn't bother me, believe me...everything is fine,'" (Mulisch, 110). After similar encounters with other characters from his past, Anton finally meets Karin Korteweg at a demonstration that he is forced to go to.

  2. 1984 by George Orwell - summary

    It was as if she was putting Big Brother, the Party and the Thought Police all aside and just living how humans wee ment to live. He is woken up by the telescreen to do his exercise before work. It was time to get up and do his physical exercises before going to work.

  1. Discuss the way 1984 either challenges or supports the values and attitudes of its ...

    * Because the world that people live in has been manipulated so that people do not have freedom, we as the audience are challenged with the moral of freedom and what it means having it. BP2 * Orwell's setting in 1984 also makes us challenge the values of truth.

  2. A key feature of a dystopian literature, such as "1984" and "Hunger Games" is ...

    This is the reason why children living in the Districts are entered in the reaping. Collins makes the readers feel sorrowful for those living in District 12 by the use of the word ?starve?. We associate with someone that is malnourished and creates an image of someone suffering from hunger which is a fear for all societies.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work