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How does Robert Louis Stevenson explore duality

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Introduction

How Does Robert Louis Stevenson Explore Duality In Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde? Robert Louis Steven wrote Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde in the 1900's. Stevenson was greatly influenced by his surroundings and the times. His main influences were science, crime and London. Science was a large influence, especially Darwin's theory. Darwin's theory was an influence because just like Jekyll's theory on duality, it was rejected. In addition, Stevenson refers to Darwin's theory when he describes Hyde as having ape-like fury. Crime also influenced Stevenson and is shown in the book when Hyde murders Sir Danvers Carew. This could have also have been influenced by the Jack the Ripper murders. London influenced him because the book is set there and the characters are similar to London life in the way they are secretive and the upper class - lower-class status. These influences are shown in Stevenson's work in the way he writes it and how similar things are to the real life times. Dr Jekyll is portrayed at the beginning of the book as a social person and gives pleasant dinners. ...read more.

Middle

When Jekyll is described as, slyish this could link to his concept of duality and this is the slightest mark of his evil side. Also with the fact that he kept Hyde hidden from the world makes him sly. Hyde is described as pale and dwarfish; he gave an impression of deformity without any malfunction...with a sort of murderous mixture of timidity and boldness. This tells us that Hyde was displeasing to look at and would probably be shunned from society, as they would be scared of him. There is no resemblance from the two characters and Jekyll would not be remotely associated with Hyde. Another difference between Jekyll and Hyde is their actions. From Jekyll's actions, he is well presented and accepted highly in society. Whereas Hyde is seen as a murderer and is not accepted in society. In addition, Jekyll moves around through the day but Hyde moves by night and will be therefore seen as suspicious by society. Their status in society is a main part of the book as there is duality in that itself as Jekyll is at the top and Hyde is at the bottom. ...read more.

Conclusion

Utterson also shows duality in the book as he is described as dreary and yet somehow loveable. This shows that although Utterson looks stiff he has a warm loving side as well. He also shows duality with his friendship with Poole. This is because Upper class people were not supposed to have friendships with people of a lower class. With Poole being a servant and Utterson, a lawyer they broke this unwritten law and in the end up discovered more then they bargained for. This shows Utterson's duality. Duality is also shown in the structure of the book as Utterson, Lanyon and Jekyll tell it. The three different perspectives tell three different tales that link as one. However, each part delves deeper into the story. Stevenson does this so that the reader can gain more interest and information in the story and can see all the sides of the story and not just the one. Stevenson's lasting moral is that there is two sides to every story and that you shouldn't always judge a book by it's cover because there are more meanings then one. ?? ?? ?? ?? Emmie Ellis English Yr 10 Language ...read more.

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