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How does Shakespeare create tension for the audience in Act3 Scene 1 of Romeo and Juliet

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How does Shakespeare create tension for the audience in Act3 Scene 1 of Romeo and Juliet? Romeo and Juliet is set in a town called Verona in Italy. The Capulets and Montagues are the two main families in the play and for years they have been fierce rivals in a bitter feud. Their teenage children, Romeo, a Montague and Juliet, a Capulet, meet each other by chance at a grand party and fall in love instantly. They marry in secret, but cannot escape the consequences of their families' quarrel. Mercutio, Romeo's best friend is killed by Tybalt of the Capulet family. In brutal revenge, Romeo murders Tybalt and as a punishment he is banished from Verona. Friar Lawrence, the priest in the play devices a dangerous plan in an attempt to keep Romeo and Juliet together but his scheme goes terribly wrong. Romeo, believing his true love is dead claims his own life. Then Juliet finds Romeo dead and she also takes her life, not wishing to live without him. These tragic deaths bring peace between the Montagues and the Capulets. The play fits into the genre of a Greek tragedy as the two innocent protagonists, Romeo and Juliet die through no fault of their own. ...read more.


Romeo's remark "O, I am fortune's fool!" illustrates the fact that Romeo sees himself as subject to the whims of fate. When he cries out "Then I defy you, stars," after learning of Juliet's death, he declares himself openly opposed to the destiny that so grieves him. Sadly, in "defying" fate he actually brings it about. Romeo's suicide prompts Juliet to kill herself, thereby ironically fulfilling the lovers' tragic destiny. Shakespeare uses these prophetic statements throughout the scene, "This day's black fate on moe days doth depend." These lines build an air of uncertainty in the audience. The words "black fate" show that Romeo fears that there will be evil outcomes of the day's violence. Also "moe days" suggests that these outcomes lie in the future. These subtle hints make the audience ask questions about what is going to happen next. Shakespeare uses a variety of different methods to create mood and atmosphere in the beginning of the scene. The opening lines reveal Benvolio's foresight of events that could occur. "The days is hot, the Capels are abroad, And if we meet we shall not scape a brawl." Benvolio clearly fears meeting the Capulets, knowing a fight will surely follow. ...read more.


This is seen in Act 3 Scene 1 when Romeo tells Tybalt he loves him. In turn this starts the brawl between Mercutio and Tybalt because Romeo refuses to fight as he is now related to the Capulet through his marriage to Juliet. To add to the theme of love as a cause of violence the couple are plagued with thoughts of suicide, and a willingness to experience it: after the Capulets decide that Juliet will marry Paris, Juliet says, "If all else fail, myself have power to die". Later on the in the play Romeo brandishes a knife in Friar Lawrence's cell and threatens to kill himself after he has been banished from Verona and his love. Overall, the audience experience a mixture of different emotions as the scene progresses. At the start there is a great deal of tension as there is a possibility of a fight and then anger as Mercutio is fatally wounded. By the end, the audience are lead to feel sympathy for Romeo as he is banished by the Prince. These contrasts of different feelings make the scene dramatic and powerful because the audience will remember what events took place and how they affected the outcome of the play. ?? ?? ?? ?? Kapish Patel 1 ...read more.

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