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How does Shakespeare establish complications in relationships in Act 1 Scene 1 of a Midsummer Nights Dream through language, theme and character?

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Introduction

A Midsummer Nights Dream How does Shakespeare establish complications in relationships in Act 1 Scene 1 of a "Midsummer Nights Dream" through language, theme and character? A Midsummer Nights Dream is a play by William Shakespeare. It is one of his greatest plays that he has written. It is a love comedy about four main characters who are Hermia, Helena, Lysander and Demetrius. Who are all struggling to work their way through their relationships. It is about the different emotions when in love and some parts of the play are about obedience and expectations. In this play Shakespeare also makes us think that when we are in love do we take harsh and wrong decisions or do we think and take the right decisions. Shakespeare also makes us think about the way we behave and act when we are in love. The play is set in two worlds one is Athens where the humans live and represents order and the rules of the Duke Theseus who rules it. The Duke is a wise, powerful and popular man who's getting married to Hippolyta. She used to be the strong and powerful Queen of the amazons. Every man feared her until she became won over by the Dukes love. The other world in the play is the forest also known as the woods this is where the fairies live it represents chaos, mystery and magic. The word `wood` in Shakespeare's time also meant mad. Just like how the fairies are shown in the woods as a load of chaos and madness. The woods are ruled by Oberon the king of the fairies and the queen of the fairies Titania. Oberon and Titania are meant to be in love but they have fallen out and make arguments. When Oberon gets angry he creates tidal waves and chaos in the human world Athens. All of the fairies scenes are in the night because it shows the atmosphere of mystery, magic, fantasy, dreams and wild imagination. ...read more.

Middle

The deep meaning of this is that she's describing Hermia `s eyes as being so magnetic that even Demetrius who used to love her has fallen in love with her eyes. Helena is talking in a rhythm of ten syllables per line so that we can understand what she is saying easily the lines that break this rule are `Demetrius loves you fair; O happy fair!`, `Were the world mine, Demetrius being bated,` and `You sway the emotion of Demetrius` heart.` Helena breaks her rhythm every time a line has Demetrius `s name in. Which tells us that she does not feel good every time Demetrius `s name is mentioned. The closeness of their friendship is also reflected in the rhyming couplets. The word Demetrius is also the main cause for Helena `s loss in self confidence seeing as Demetrius hates Helena even though she loves him but he loves Hermia who hates him. Hermia says` I give him curses, yet he gives me love` and Helena says the more I love, the more he hateth me. ` Helena is lacking self confidence in her self and so she tells Hermia that she wants to look and speak like her. `My ear should catch your voice, my eye your eye. ` This shows that Helena not only lacks in self confidence but also in her looks. She also tells Hermia that she would give her the world just to get Demetrius ` Were the world mine, Demetrius being bated, The rest I'd give to be to you translated.` This tells us that Helena loves Demetrius quite a lot. Helena feels quite inadequate to Hermia. She asks Hermia to teach her some clever tricks in order to get Demetrius. ` O that your frowns would teach my smiles such skill!`. This line and `O that my prayers could such affection move!` have an invocation of the letter `O` which is stretched as Helena speaks. ...read more.

Conclusion

But what of that? Demetrius thinks not so.' Helena is saying that although she is considered to be just as pretty as Hermia in Athens Demetrius does not think so. It's as is Helena is jealous of Hermia. Helena then goes on to say 'Things base and vile, holding no quantity,' Which means that love can turn things which are ordinary into beautiful, this is what Helena thinks has happened to Hermia. She thinks she has Demetrius's love to turn her even more beautiful. Helena then says that real love is personality not looks she says 'love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind'. Helena thinks that love is sometimes unfair since its obsesses with what's on the outside of a person but what really counts is what's on the inside. Helena uses personification to describe love she says 'Love said to be a child, Because in choice he is oft beguiled'. Helena describes love as being a child since it doesn't make good choice. Towards the end of her soliloquy she says 'I will go tell him of fair Hermia's flight'. This shows that Helena will go tell Demetrius that Hermia is going to leave Athens with Lysander. This shows that Helena is betraying her friendship with Hermia. This shows the complications in Helenas relationship with Hermia and Demetrius since she's going to betray Hermia and Demetrius doesn't love her he loves Hermia. In conclusion Shakespeare portrays love and relationships as having complications. This is shown in play as Demetrius being with Helena at first then him loving Hermia and ignoring Helena. This also shows a complication in Helena and Hermias Friendship. Another complication in the play that we meet is that of father and daughters relationship with Egeus and Hermia. Egeus wants Hermia to marry someone of his choice but Hermia stands firm and says she will marry only her love or not marry at all. The play also shows complication when two people are in love but cant get married like Hermia and Lysander. ...read more.

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