• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does SHakespeare make Act Four, Scene Three dramatic?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How does Shakespeare make Act Three, Scene Four dramatic? Act 3 Scene 4, often referred to as 'the closet scene', is the first time we see Hamlet and Gertrude alone together and is a pivotal scene in an already fairly dramatic play. In this scene Hamlet releases his anger and frustration at his mother for the sinful deed she has committed and tries to persuade her of the evil that she has done by marrying his uncle, the murderer of his father. We can see that Gertrude is most likely unaware that her late husband was murdered when she says "As kill a King!" (line 31) although this can also show the Queen's apprehension at what may now be revealed. It is also the first time she confronts her own behaviour: "O Hamlet, speak no more. Thou turn'st mine eyes into my very soul; And there I see such black and grained spots As will not leave their tinct." By this point of the play, Hamlet has finally convinced himself that Claudius murdered his father, after being told by his father's wandering spirit at the very beginning of the play, and will now, supposedly, try to avenge his father's death by killing Claudius. However, by now we know Hamlet to be a man of words but no action especially seeing as in the previous scene, Hamlet talked himself out of killing Claudius when it was the perfect opportunity to do it. ...read more.

Middle

he also seems to be obsessed with his mother's and Claudius' sex life, giving possible credibility to the theory that Hamlet has incestuous feelings for his mother. He compares Claudius to his father and says that there is no chance Gertrude could have married Claudius out of love "...for at your age The hey-day in the blood is tame, it's humble..." so therefore only married him because she wanted Claudius for sex: "...Sense [sexual desire], sure, you have..." Shakespeare then makes Hamlet compare their bed to a sweaty pig sty and uses food imagery to suggest a gluttonous occupant, either referring to Gertrude, who has 'taken' another husband, or Claudius, who has taken his brother's wife and crown. And whilst Hamlet is berating his mother for marrying Claudius, the ghost of Hamlet's father arrives. In Elizabethan times, when Shakespeare's plays were written and first performed, ghosts were very popular among the people so the inclusion of a spirit would have made this scene quite crowd-pleasing. The excitement that would have been emanated by the audience would also contribute to the dramatic atmosphere. However, in modern times ghosts are more associated with stories of a chilling nature which contain a more mysterious feel, although the appearance of a ghost still gives a rather dramatic effect. ...read more.

Conclusion

Gertrude: "Nothing at all; yet all is that I see." Hamlet: "Nor did you nothing hear?" Gertrude: "No, nothing but ourselves." This almost has the air of a murder-mystery programme, not only because of the appearance of a ghost but also due to the fact that this snippet of conversation between Hamlet and his mother sounds very much like a questioning between investigator and suspect. Once the ghost has departed, Hamlet confesses to Gertrude that he is not really mad, only putting on a false act to trick the King, and begs his mother to see sense and not let Claudius "...tempt you again to bed; Pinch wanton on your cheek; call you his mouse; And let him, for a pair of reechy kisses, Or paddling in your neck with his damned fingers, Make you to ravel all this matter out...". Gertrude is torn between betraying her new husband, whom she now has suspicious doubts about, or her son, whom she loves dearly: "O Hamlet, thou hast cleft my heart in twain." The strong vocabulary and imagery used throughout this scene gives us only a partial idea of how thrilling it would be coupled with the moves performed by the actor. The violent and unprovoked act of murder by Hamlet or the heartbreak of Gertrude, dramatic just in script, would be so much more so on stage. ?? ?? ?? ?? Gabbi Shields L5O ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hamlet section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hamlet essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    'The ghost is a useful dramatic device but for a modern audience its effect ...

    4 star(s)

    A modern audience is also less likely to understand Hamlet's anguish of confusion and guilt towards these deeds and his fear of hell and malign spirits. A Shakespearian audience would have feared the torment of purgatory which is conveyed by Shakespeare through the sufferings of the ghost, 'I could a

  2. Hamlet Act 3 scene 4

    Also the portrayal of Italians is that they are very religious and that they tend to be Catholics, so the religious aspect of this scene (trying to pray and having the need to be forgiven by god) would fit in with my version and Shakespeare's.

  1. Explore Shakespeare's presentation of Hamlet, his moods and motivations, through his soliloquies in Act ...

    This soliloquy is very unlike the others Shakespeare gives Hamlet. There is a dejected uniformity of tone and tempo, none of the passionate agitation usually associated with someone wrestling heavily with complex and confused feelings. The audience will also understand what Hamlet is saying.

  2. Hamlet Act 3 Scene 4.

    When talking to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern he is also mocking, "Sir, I cannot. What, my lord? Make you a wholesome answer; my wit's diseased. But, sir, such answer as I can make, you shall command, or rather, as you say, my mother.

  1. Hamlet: How does Shakespeare build up to the climax in the final scene?

    It's some amazing that I want to have" Later on in that soliloquy he says "To sleep-perchance to dream. Ay, there's the rub. For in that sleep of death what dreams may come/ when we have shuffled off this

  2. Comment on the dramatic significance of any three scenes in Hamlet?

    The reference to the death of old Fortinbras of Norway at the hand of the old king Hamlet of Demark is important. Horatio mentions this as the "combat" in which our valiant Hamlet fore saw this side of our known world esteemed him "did slay this Fortinbras."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work