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How Does Shakespeare make the events of Act 3 scene 1 inevitable from the opening of Romeo and Juliet and how does he elicit the audience(TM)s sympathy in this pivotal scene?

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Introduction

How Does Shakespeare make the events of Act 3 scene 1 inevitable from the opening of Romeo and Juliet and how does he elicit the audience's sympathy in this pivotal scene? Romeo and Juliet is a tragic play which involves violence and death, but it is also juxtaposed by love, lust, humour and some optimism as well. Juliet is a young girl of thirteen, and is being coerced into a marriage by her mother. Juliet, being an obedient daughter, doesn't refuse. However she then meets Romeo, the only son of her family's enemy: The Montagues'. They fall in love and immediately marry in secret, showing that their relationship is purely on lust and impulsiveness which symbolises the youth in the play. Unfortunately, fate will not let them carry on their lives together in the violent climate of which they live. They both die for each other, bringing both feuding families, the Capulet's and the Montague's, together. Act three scene one, is seen as one of the main climaxes in the play, this is shown by the way Shakespeare uses dramatic techniques to create tension and conflict. He includes puns, dramatic irony, pathetic fallacy and foreshadowing to add to the effect. At the beginning of the scene, Romeo is seen only as a na�ve and poetic lover, and wants only peace with his friends. ...read more.

Middle

This also shows a main contrast in the play: that the elder characters are wise and slow, not rushing anything and wanting violence to end. And the younger characters like Romeo and Juliet are impulsive and reckless; getting married only a day after meeting. The feud between the two families is also based on love: "Here's much to do with hate/but more with love." This is said after the first fight in Act One scene one, it implies that the Montague's and Capulet's fight because of the loyalty and love they have for their houses, which makes them want to defend it against slander, at the time this was called the Elizabethan Code of Honour: this is what causes the violence. Violence is also made inevitable by feuds being unresolved throughout the beginning of the play: "I will withdraw/ but this intrusion shall, now seeming sweet/ convert to bitt'rest gall." In this quote, Tybalt states he will not fight this time, but delaying the fight will only increase the hatred between both houses. It foreshadows the incredibly violent fight in which Tybalt and Mercutio both die. The short and sharp sentences increase the pace and rhythm of the play, this immediately develops tension. Tybalt also gives the impression that he will not give up the fight till he has avenged Romeo and, being driven by the Elizabethan Code of Honour, gained respect for his family, this makes future violence inevitable. ...read more.

Conclusion

Shakespeare makes a pun of 'grave' meaning serious and 'grave' meaning the grave he will be buried in when he dies. It's and incredibly bitter joke, being very sad rather than funny and witty: Mercutio is a great comedian, but all of a sudden he's dying. Romeo gets our sympathy as well when he is banished, not executed, from Verona by the Prince as an act of mercy: "'Tis torture/ and not mercy/ Heaven is here Where Juliet lives". Even though the Prince is showing mercy by just banishing him, Romeo isn't grateful because banishment is equal to death, he is being sent even further away from his only love. Romeo never wanted to fight in the first place, but because Tybalt murdered his best friend, but Romeo felt compelled to act. This again shows the strong dichotomy between love and misery throughout the play. In conclusion, Shakespeare made the violence in this pivotal scene inevitable by the constant juxtaposition of love and hate all through the play. The contrasting characters of Mercutio and Tybalt, Romeo and Benvolio create tension easily. The Elizabethan Code of Honour is what drives them all forward to the scene in which Mercutio dies from his love for Romeo, and Tybalt is murdered from Romeos' love and guilt for Mercutio. Fate also makes a huge part in bringing about the violence, because it stated in the prologue that fate is against two lovers and therefore the ongoing feud between the families. ...read more.

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