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How does Shakespeare present each group of characters in A Midsummer Nights Dream

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The whole play revolves around four main groups: the fairies, the mechanicals, the royals and the lovers. These four groups all have their own reasons for ending up together in the same wood. The groups affect and entwine with each other. An example of this is when Bottom from the mechanicals is turned into a donkey as part of Oberon the fairy kings revenge on his wife Titania queen of the fairies. The lovers are affected because Puck under Oberon's command changes which of the lovers loves whom. The royals allow the lovers in the end to marry as they choose. The fairies are a magical race they can control the seasons and are very powerful. Shakespeare's language shows that the fairies are not human by using poetic, descriptive and light language with lots of alliteration, and onomatopoeia, "warbling". After every line the last two words rhyme in a rhyming couplet, "Now, until the break of day, Through this house each fairy stray." There are three main characters in the fairies; Oberon is the fairy king he arguing with his wife the fairy queen Titania over an Indian boy. Titania has taken it upon herself to raise and look after the Indian boy for a friend but Oberon thinks she has had another lover and that it is his child so he wants it for his servant. ...read more.


The mechanicals are rehearsing a play they want to perform to the duke and his wife on there wedding day. Bottom is bossy, very enthusiastic and wants to play every part in the play: "An I may hide my face, let me play Thisby too, I'll speak in a monstrous little voice. 'Thisne, Thisne;' 'Ah, Pyramus, lover dear! thy Thisby dear, and lady dear!'" The lovers are the third main group in the play they consist of four characters; Lysander, Hermia, Demetrius and Helena. Lysander loves Hermia who loves him as well but Demetrius loves Hermia and Helena loves Demetrius. Helena follows Demetrius around and annoys him in the play. Demetrius on the other hand has persuaded Egeus (Hermia's father) that he should marry her instead of Lysander even though both men have the same amount of possessions and are of the same social status. The lovers then run into the woods this is because Lysander and Hermia want to run away from Athens so that they can be together and so that Hermia will not have to become a nun or marry Demetrius. Helena tells Demetrius because she loves him that Hermia and Lysander have ran into the woods. He follows and then Helena follows him. Oberon and Puck see the four lovers running after each other and decide to make Demetrius love Helena because then everything will be made right. ...read more.


The play ends with all the groups coming together at the royals wedding: The fairies go to the royals wedding because Oberon and Titania have both come to bless Theseus the Duke of Athens and Hippolyta's marriage: "To Theseus must be wedded, and you come To give their bed joy and prosperity.". The mechanicals come to perform their play for the Duke. The lovers come at the duke's command to get married at the same time as him. All the groups are happy. In conclusion the plays four main groups the fairies that use light, airy and poetic language so that they do not seem to be human. The royals use very formal and polite language to show that they are rich and are royalty. The mechanicals that use malapropisms and colloquialisms to create comedy and add a light part to the play when it is becoming to serious and the lovers who use lots of reference to the person that they love to show clearly who they are in love with. The themes comedy, love and hatred show clearly that there is a very thin line between hatred and love. This is shown when the two women lovers (Hermia and Helen) who used to love each other as friends hate each other because they each one has played a trick with them. ...read more.

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