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How Does Shakespeare Use Language and Action in Act 3.1 to develop characters?

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Introduction

HOW DOES SHAKESPEARE USE LANGUAGE AND ACTIONIN ACT 3.1 TO DEVELOP CHARACTERS? Shakespeare uses language and actions to develop characters in Act 3. Firstly when Benvolio and Mercutio are talking and Tybalt joins them seeking Romeo. However Romeo refuses Tybalt's challenge to fight. Mercutio gets angry at Romeo and challenges Tybalt. Romeo tries to make peace but his intervention is fatal for Mercutio who was killed. Romeo then kills Tybalt and flees. I will examine the language and actions of Romeo, Mercutio, Tybalt, and Benvolio. Romeo is one of the main characters in this scene Romeo's behaviour changes from previous scenes. In Act 1 scene 1 Shakespeare presents Romeo love sick and helpless for Rosaline; 'Feather and lead, bright smoke, cold fire.' Shakespeare uses oxymorons because Romeo is in love with Rosaline but doesn't return his love. Romeo feels that not even cupid can make her love him 'with cupid's arrow she hath dian's wit' this tells us that Romeo thinks that Rosaline is avoiding cupids arrow. But in Act 1.5 we see Romeo as fickle when he falls for Juliet 'O she doth teach the torches to burn bright!' This shows us that Romeo falls for Juliet while he was love with Rosaline a couple of hours ago. ...read more.

Middle

When Mercutio is wounded he curses Montagues and Capulets alike 'a plague a' both your houses' he is cursing an 'ancient grudge' between the family since it's been going on for so long and is the death of him. Mercutio's death has an impact on the audience because he is fighting Tybalt instead of Romeo and gets killed after the climax is built and is not expected. From previous scenes we learn that Tybalt's character is hot headed 'Tis he the villain Romeo' Tybalt recognises Romeo's voice at the party and gets angry quickly. We also learn that he hates the Montagues and cant stand them. 'Makes my flesh tremble' He is disgusted by Romeo's presence at the party. In Act 1.5 Tybalt is shown as proud 'why tis a shame' this shows us that he is ashamed that a Montague is at their party and not doing anything about it. In Act 1.5 Tybalt has shown that he looks for fights 'fetch me my rapier boy' Tybalt sees Romeo and ask for his sword to start a fight with Romeo. But then is stop by Capulet and doesn't respond well and seems revengeful when he says 'Now seeming sweet, convert to bitt'rest gall.' ...read more.

Conclusion

At the end the scene the characters present are Lady Capulet, Montague, Benvolio and Prince. Tension is built up at the end of the scene because the Benvolio gives his story and the Prince gives Romeo a sentence. Shakespeare choose to have two deaths simultaneously in one scene because effect is created here and tension is built up as audience wait in anticipation and 2 deaths = more dramatic. Shakespeare uses language and action to develop characters. Firstly when Romeo is in love with Rosaline and uses oxymoron's to say how he feels. And poetic devices when he is in love with Juliet. Romeo's character changes from scene to scene. At the beginning Romeo used to lock him self in his room but through out the scenes he changes and comes out being more open. Secondly Mercutio is funny through out the scence but goes serious at Act 3.1 and the second he gets wounded. His character develops in that scene. Thirdly Benvolio is the peacemaker through the book but in Act 3.1 when Benvolio is giving his speech that is his last scene and through out the play all the peace is gone with him. The Princes character represents the law and has power over other characters. Shakespeare also builds up tension at different points of the play which me the audience want to know what is going to happen next. ...read more.

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