• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Stevenson create a sense of horror, mystery and tension in the first two chapters of his novel "Doctor Jekyll and Mr Hyde"?

Extracts from this document...


How does Stevenson create a sense of horror, mystery and tension in the first two chapters of his novel "Doctor Jekyll and Mr Hyde"? The handing over of ten pounds was perfectly normal. However when he gets the cheque, someone completely different signed it. Enfield tells Utterson, "And signed with a name that I cannot mention." This adds mystery as why would someone give ninety pounds to a man who was so detestable, and it adds mystery as who was the third party person who signed the cheque? At the beginning of the book Mr Utterson is described as austere, giving him a set of rules and a routine that he stuck to. However the night of the day he was told the story of Mr Hyde, he did not follow his usual routine. This adds mystery as he is austere so whatever he does must be important. Stevenson tells us, "When he would go soberly and gratefully to bed. On this night, however," telling us he does not follow his usual routine. Another character action that adds mystery involves the will of Doctor Jekyll. As his lawyer Mr Utterson should have assisted in the making in the will, but the book tells us, "Mr Utterson...had refused to lend the least assistance in making it." ...read more.


The foreshadowing adds to the horror as there are two different sides to the house and as we find out towards the end of the book we find out the occupant has two different faces too. It also adds mystery, as at the time of reading we do not realise though clues are hinting of this. The penultimate topic I am going to look at Stevenson's methods of adding horror, mystery and tension to his novel, is information held back from the reader. The first piece of information held back from the reader is the name of the man who signed the cheque in Mr Richard Enfield's story. He knows it but does not mention it and Mr Utterson knew it anyway so didn't need telling. The reader is the only person not to know the name. Mr Utterson says, "If I do not ask you the name of the other party, it is because I know it already." This adds mystery, as Mr Richard Enfield never mentions the name, still Mr Utterson knew it and this forms a link the reader does not know about adding the mystery. The second piece of information held back from the reader is the "unscientific balderdash," that caused Doctor Jekyll and Doctor Lanyon to fall out. ...read more.


This is mysterious, as the reader does not know why Doctor Henry Jekyll would disappear for three months with no reasoning. Finally the fact that Mr Utterson believes it to be blackmail adds horror and mystery. Whatever Doctor Jekyll did in his past must have been bad adding the horror and the reader has no idea what it is, adding to the mystery. Mr Utterson believes it to be, "The ghost of some old sin." The suspicion of blackmail also adds tension as he may attempt to confront Mr Hyde with it, but the reader has to wait in suspense to find this out. In conclusion Robert Louise Stevenson creates a sense of horror, mystery and tension using incidents, such as character actions, descriptions, such as places and objects, such as the will. The points I have made in this essay all use examples or quotes of how he creates the three elements and I have continued by describing how these examples or quotes add horror, mystery and tension to his novel. Robert Louis Stevenson creates these elements as they make the novel exiting and makes the reader want to read on. Without his excellent techniques of getting these elements across, the novel would have not been anywhere near as successful as it is today. Also because of the genre of the book it is hard to avoid putting in any horror, mystery and/or tension in to it. Jonathan Dopson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Robert Louis Stevenson section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Robert Louis Stevenson essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    How does Stevenson create a sense of dramatic tension in the chapter The Last ...

    5 star(s)

    A desolate London is described to us; Stevenson makes it sound extremely threatening. The wind plays a large part in the description of the deserted city. Wind of this nature was thought to be controlled by witches and evil forces.

  2. How does Stevenson create the atmosphere of suspense, horror and mystery in the first ...

    Stevenson creates a contrast, between good and evil, between our character, Dr Jekyll, a reputable doctor, and Edward Hyde, 'some damned juggernaut'. A slight contrast has developed and this goes on throughout the book, between the good personality of Dr Jekyll, and the 'hardly human' side of Edward Hyde.

  1. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde - How Does Stevenson create an atmosphere of tension ...

    Utterson knew something was wrong at once. Poole was worried about Jekyll who had hidden himself in the cabinet. On the way to Jekyll's house, it "was a wild, cold, seasonable night of March". The description of the weather is typical to Gothic horror genre and creates an atmosphere of tension for the reader.

  2. How does Stevenson create an atmosphere of mystery and suspense yet at the same ...

    together, they often go for quite a distance without saying anything to another. Nevertheless, they look forward to these strolls and regard them as one of the highs of the week. As the story begins, Utterson and Enfield are taking their regular Sunday stroll as they walk down a particular prosperous looking street.

  1. how does Robert Louis Stevenson Create a sense of Mystery, Horror and Suspense ...

    Why would a man such like Dr Jekyll wish not to bothered what is he hiding in this house. The Final Statement regarding the dwelling of Dr Jekyll is typical of gothic writings of that era, it has mysterious connotations that intrigue the reader in saying "some place at the end of the world".

  2. How does Stevenson create a sense of horror, mystery and tension in the first ...

    He gives nothing to no anyone one yet gets everything back in return. One of the mysteries of the book is who is Mr Hyde I can not give a detailed description of his character all I can say about this is whoever meets him always gives a definition of something wrong with him some kind of evil lurking inside.

  1. Free essay

    Looking at the two violent incidents involving Mr Hyde, how does Stevenson convey the ...

    Darwin's theory caused many questions of the concept of 'Heaven' and 'Hell'. This led to many people believing that science was starting to get dangerous, due to its interference with God's control over the world. The genre of this novel is 'Gothic Horror'.

  2. How does R. L. Stevenson create horror and suspense in the novel 'Dr Jekyll ...

    The will in this chapter is exceptionally odd; it creates a sense of extreme mystery in the reader. This is because Dr Jekyll's will states that all his possessions shall be passed on to Edward Hyde, this shows the reader that there is some association and connection between Jekyll and Hyde.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work