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How does stevenson explore the duality of human nature in "Jekyll and Hyde"

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Introduction

How does Stevenson explore the duality of human nature in "Jekyll and Hyde" Robert Louis Stevenson wrote "The strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" in 1886. It is thought to be an example of a 'supernatural fiction'; this is when one of the characters goes against the laws of nature. The main themes are usually good and evil, hate and love. One of the characters tries to change from one state to another and this usually amuses the reader because in some way it crates tension, excitement, pity and terror as the characters struggle to change back to their normal natural self. The novella was written during the reign of Queen Victoria. At this time, England was just industrialising and becoming powerful in both literature and technology. The people of the Victorian England were so vulnerable because they were forced to believe in Christianity and almost everyone practised it. They also believed that there was God and Satan. This encouraged writers to write horror novels. ...read more.

Middle

Beasts and horrid creatures create fear because of their physical appearance, actions and their interactions with others characters in the novel. All Gothic beasts usually have some form of abnormality or deformity. This used to scare the readers of the Victorian times because they were very religious and they believed that Satan existed and is always associated all evil things, doings and characters. In drawings, the Victorians and even modern painters paint the devil as an evil, malignant and noxious villain especially as a beast to represent him as the bad guy or bad personality. Most gothic beasts for example, Dracula, Frankenstein or Mr Hyde usually have meaning to their names which is either associated with evil, death, blood or the devil himself. Some popular gothic beasts are listed below: Dracula from the Oxford Advanced dictionary means a person of grotesque, terrifying or savaging character. This meaning could be likened to his personality and attitudes. Dracula is a vicious, deadly, vampire who is supposed to leave his grave at night to suck the blood of sleeping people. ...read more.

Conclusion

All Gothic beasts usually have evil intensions. Dracula kills people for their blood and to feed on them. Frankenstein kills people just because he was rejected and disowned by his creator. Mr Hyde kills people to satisfy his evil desire. The main theme of the book 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' is Horror and exploring the duality of human nature - good and bad, does this well. Dr Jekyll represents the good aspect to human nature and Mr Hyde represents the bad side of human nature. The title of the book 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" is an example of juxtaposition because Dr Jekyll is a nice, young, caring and virtuous man but Mr Hyde is a sordid, deformed, merciless and cunning character just like the devil. This title makes the readers realise that there is a relationship between them "and" which creates suspense and Tension because it is quite devastating for two opposite things (good and bad) of different nature to be closely related to each other. ...read more.

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