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How does Stevenson use the Gothic Novel to explore the nature of good and evil in

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How does Stevenson use the Gothic Novel to explore the nature of good and evil in "The Strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde? Introduction: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is the story of a gifted doctor who discovers a drug which can release the evil side of one's nature. This drug changes Dr Jekyll into Mr Hyde. Stevenson does not reveal the details of Jekyll's story until the end of the novel, but presents the tale as mystery, in which the main characters try to figure out the identity of Mr Hyde and understand his strange relationship with Dr Jekyll. This story follows the gothic genre and below I will explain some gothic features that are used in this story This story follows 'The Faust Motif'. This is The use of a monster (Mr Hyde) Due to the fact that he looks abnormal, disabled and is ugly people feel uncomfortable around him and scared to stand anywhere near him. Another feature would be that Dr Jekyll has a second self or in other words an alternate identity being Mr Hyde. This book uses multiple narratives. This is when the story is told through many different perspectives so that the reader can make up his own mind about what the story is actually about. ...read more.


As we read on later and see the confrontation between him and Mr Utterson we realise that he is a calm and collected man in the places he has to be but when he does commit crime he becomes an uncontrollable man. This first incident was when a young girl was playing on the street and Mr Hyde viciously tramples her leaving her crying her eyes out. Though to avoid any sort of trouble he decided to pay a hundred pounds in gold, ten pound in coins and the rest on a cheque. Strangely to the surprise of Mr Utterson and Mr Enfield the signature on the cheque is of a respected scientist known as Dr Henry Jekyll. This is when there search begins of Mr Hyde's true identity. But Mr Hyde decides to carry on his evil deeds. Mr Hyde gives himself a bad image after this. He attacked a young girl and young girls are associated with innocence. So in a way Mr Hyde is attacking innocence which off course makes himself look even worse. The second incident was witnessed by a close by maid who was horrified by the whole incident. ...read more.


By keeping the main story to the end Stevenson has managed to keep us reading the book and has kept us intrigued throughout the book. The relationship between the narrators are, * Mr Utterson and Mr Enfield are cousins * Dr Lanyon and Dr Jekyll are close friends * They both are also scientists * They all know each other quite well * They all except Dr Jekyll only talk about what they have seen, experienced and had evidence of rather than talking about what they have heard Conclusion In this essay I have gone through the main points of the story. From the beginning where Mr Hyde tramples the young girl and Mr Utterson and Mr Enfield decide to track Mr Hyde. Then I carried on by going onto how the doors of houses and other places can symbolise what is behind them and what type of person uses them. After that I analysed Mr Hyde in depth and discussed his actions. Including when he trampled the young girl and paid her family money to avoid any sort of trouble. Then he brutally murdered Sir Danvers Carew, even though from the maids perspective it seemed as if they were friends. Then I commented on the use of multiple narratives and the relationship between the narrators. By Athar Mahmood 10PN ...read more.

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