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how does the director paul greengrass create tension in the film united 93

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How Does the Director Paul Greengrass Create Tension in the Film United 93? On Tuesday September 11th 2001, four planes were hijacked. Three hit their targets, one did not; this plane was United Airlines Flight 93. Flight 93 was a scheduled United States domestic passenger flight from Newark International Airport, New Jersey, to San Francisco International Airport that was hijacked by four Islamic terrorists. These terrorists were called; Ziad Jarrah, Ahmed al-Nami, Ahmed al-Haznawi and Saeed al-Ghamdi. United Airlines Flight 93 aircraft was a Boeing 757-200, and had a capacity of 182 passengers, but the September 11 flight carried only 37 passengers and seven crew members. The flight was scheduled to depart at 08.00, but there was a delay and did not depart until 08.42; due to airport congestion. By the time Flight 93 became airborne, Flight 11 had already been commandeered and Flight 175 was being hijacked. The target that was intended for Flight 93 to hit was, according to the film, The White House. At approximately 08.45, American Airline Flight 11 hit the North Tower of the World Trade Centre. Another attack, United Airline Flight 175; at 09.03; hit the South Tower of the World Trade Centre. At 09.43, American Airlines Flight 77 crashed into the Pentagon, sending a huge plume of smoke. United Airline Flight 93 crashed in a field in Pennsylvania, and as it was the only plane hijacked that did not hit its intended target, went down in History as "the flight that fought back". The flight had gotten this title because the passengers made a courageous move to fight back the terrorists. It is also known that all these hijackings were planned by the al-Qaeda. In this piece of coursework, I am going to discuss how Director Paul Greengrass creates tension in the film United 93, even though we know the tragic fate of the passengers and the four planes. ...read more.


Then the terrorist with the flight attendant says "We should kill her now. We don't need her", then followed by some Arabic with no subtitles. Jarrah replies back in Arabic, and the terrorist says; "In the name of God!", then slits her throat, even though we do not see this part. The terrorist then takes a red bandana out and writes something on it, while Jarrah takes out a picture of the White House and sticks it to the steering wheel. At the back of the plane, the flight attendants try to phone someone to inform them of what is happening, but do not seem to be able to get through. Back in the cockpit, Jarrah informs his fellow hijacker that there is fifty minutes, maximum, before he reaches the target. When ATC try getting through to UA - FL 93, the hijackers just ignore it, and then see on the screen that the World Trade Centre has been hit, with this piece of information, Jarrah says, "The brothers have hit both targets", then the other hijacker says, "Should I go and tell them". When Jarrah says, "Tell them that our time has come", we feel nervous, as we know what that means; they are going to die soon. Paul Greengrass creates even more tension by showing us that the flight attendants still cannot get through to the ATC, and they keep on trying. This creates tension because we do not know if they are going to get through or not. To make us feel a bit like the passenger of United Airlines Flight 93, we were not given subtitles to the Arabic, but there were some parts that were, so we can have a hint as to what is going on. Greengrass creates tension like this so we can feel how the passengers felt, and we would also feel very uneasy if we were not to understand the Arabic, or anything that they hijackers were saying. ...read more.


He then sprays them with the fire extinguisher, as they had gotten rid of the drinks trolley and were charging towards him. Al-Nami then gets taken down, and killed. In the cockpit, there is continuous beeping, and the camera is even jerkier, as if every time their lives end gets closer, the camera gets jerkier. To enter the cockpit, the passengers use the drinks trolley. When they succeed in banging open the cockpit door, Ziad and the other terrorist are really shocked. They are all screaming. Then Ziad Jarrah screams out "Allahu Akbar!" The terrorist is trying to push back the passengers with the piece of the broken door, and is screaming in Arabic. Ziad Jarrah is also screaming, and the plane is going straight downwards. There is a lack of music, and you can only see body parts, no faces. Then the passengers mange to get into the cockpit and try to get Jarrah out of the controls, but he is strapped in. Then everyone shouts. After this, there is a peaceful music, and you an extreme - long shot of the piece of land that they are going to crash into. Then everything goes quiet and blank. In the blackout, there is no need to film the actual crash, as we know that it is the end of their lives. There is a haunting music, so that we could think about what they and done, and t is put at the end of the film to act like a tribute to the passengers. You are made feel that the passengers were brave and to male you feel proud of them and mournful. In conclusion, I think that the director Paul Greengrass succeeded in creating tension. He did this by the use of many techniques, for example like; the jerky camera movements, the lack of music, and the close-up camera shots. In my opinion, he ended up creating more sympathy than tension. This is because we feel really sad, as we have just watched what would have been the ending of more than forty people. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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