• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does the opening of Jane Eyre establish the genre of the rest of the novel?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How does the opening of Jane Eyre establish the genre of the rest of the novel? Gothic fiction combines both romance and horror. It is generally thought that the English author Horace Walpole created the genre, in 1764 (with the book 'The castle of Otranto'). The genre contains many aspects, including detailed description, extreme emotional and passionate characters, dark themes, gothic architecture - castles, mansions -, and even supernatural. But, in all novels, the main focus is atmosphere. In the opening of Jane Eyre, the gothic genre is established by using depressed, sensitive and passionate characters. An obvious example of one of these characters is Jane Eyre. Jane is one of the most passionate characters throughout the whole novel, but this is also shown in the beginning when she is punished for a crime she had not committed, and was locked in the Red Room. She describes herself as being 'oppressed, suffocated' and everything looking 'colder and darker'. Her reaction is extreme and, because she is so sensitive her terror makes her physically ill, as well as affecting her emotionally. The quotes also show that Jane is easily controlled by her emotions and has a strong imagination. The same feature is shown later on in the novel when Jane finds out that Mr Rochester already has a wife. ...read more.

Middle

Jane wakes up and someone or something is holding a candle to her face, hence not seeing who or what it was. Although it is revealed eventually that there is a 'mad woman' living at Thornfield. In the book, these moments result in change of atmosphere by use of tone. The tone of which, for example, is used in the red room, the result of which is the reader tends to read quicker, as tension seems to rise. Of course, in 'Jane Eyre' there isn't actually any supernatural goings on, but in any other gothic novel it is usually included. Pathetic fallacy is an effective way of providing readers with an idea of how a certain character is feeling. It is included many times in this book, like at the beginning where Jane is about to read her book and notices the weather saying the window was 'protecting, but not separating me from the drear November day'. This is a perfect example, especially when it continues; telling us there was 'a pale blank of mist and cloud' with 'ceaseless rain', explaining that she is feeling dull, unemotional or even confused. In this case, pathetic fallacy is very effective, at first actually telling us the weather reflects how she feels, and then carrying on technically describing the weather, but also giving us more detail to her thoughts and feelings. ...read more.

Conclusion

Short sentences like 'I returned to my stool.' And 'My heart beat thick, my head grew got' give a weak dramatic effects, and therefore again speeds up the pace of reading. Overall, red was probably chosen specifically, it being a strong and empowering colour. Although maybe not in all novels, this one contains many moments of injustice. They are mainly in the opening; however some are later in her life, like when she tells Mr Rochester that were she beautiful and wealthy, he wouldn't have thought twice about marrying someone like her. This isn't actually a specific incident, but there are many in her childhood, mainly created by Mrs Reed and John Reed. John Reed 'bullied and punished' Jane, because the rest of the family distanced themselves from her, and told her she ought to be grateful for Mrs Reed letting her live with them. Because of this point of mind, Mrs Reed accuses Jane of being deceitful; 'guard against her worst fault, a tendency to deceit', showing to which lengths she over-exaggerates to. This is followed on at Lowood Academy, when Mr Brocklehurst visits the school, and makes Jane stand on a stool without food or drink all day. In conclusion, the opening of Jane Eyre establishes the genre of the rest of the novel by using many, if not all of the features that a gothic novel usually contains. It uses parts like the red room and changes to different locations to exaggerate some of the aspects. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Analysis of the opening of the Shrek movie

    4 star(s)

    The behaviour of the humans towards Shrek presents them as evil in many aspects. It also poses the issue of whether they would think to conduct their behaviour in the same way, if Shrek were human or whether they would condemn their own conduct and deem it unthinkable.

  2. Brother Sebastian in the novel Lamb by Bernard Mac Laverty

    He takes Owen to see his favourite team play. Owen is obviously excited as it is his first time. Michael said to Owen "Stiff elbows" as he lifted him above the crowd. Again this shows us a resemblance to Michael and his father's relationship.

  1. A Gothic Gorror Novel Opening

    Once we stepped inside the house he took my coat and placed it upon the coat stand, where two other coats were drying off. "Whose are those?" I asked politely "They belong to the other house staff, Master Langdon." "Oh, will I be meeting them tonight?"

  2. With Close references to the texts you have been studying, explore how the authors ...

    What is makes it all the more frightening is the way Conan-Doyle has described the baboon as a hideous and distorted child. These are powerful adverbs add to the variety of gothic. Literature is always affecting and is affected by the society that it is written in.

  1. A FRACTURE IN FICTION

    Captain Fache-The DCPJ officer who is investigating Jacques Sauniere's murder, and eventually finds the Da Vinci Code novel. Silas-The monk who is responsible for the murder of the Priory of Sion's grandmaster, Jacques Sauniere. He is an albino with a troubled past which includes murdering his father, and will be the one to confront Dan the most about his past.

  2. Northanger Abbey Characters

    The next day they went to another party and yet again no one they knew. So at the end of the night they were just about to leave when someone found a sequin that had fallen off Mrs Allen's coat.

  1. how is the genre of horror created in the opening sequence of the lost ...

    Which was written by J.M Barrie in the book about Peter Pan and the Lost Boys. This creates an inter-textual reference between the two stories because vampires supposedly never getting old. In The " Peter Pan & Lost Boys" They are searching for a mother and Wendy takes this role.

  2. How Does Jane Austen Present Mr Collins in Pride and Prejudice? What is His ...

    He is like a child; he boasts and seems excited about the smallest of things. His social status prior to his patronage to Lady Catherine was nothing to brag about, yet Mr Collins seems to have forgotten his previously more humble status, and instead takes great pain in telling everyone and anyone his few connections with the aristocracy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work