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How does the poet use language, imagery and form to make their person expressive in the three chosen poems 'from other cultures and traditions'?

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Introduction

How does the poet use language, imagery and form to make their person expressive in the three chosen poems 'from other cultures and traditions'? In poetry, poets should use the three techniques stated in the title to make their person and poem expressive. They can also use extended metaphors to give that little add of feeling to it. The three chosen poems for this essay are, 'Search For My Tongue', 'Hurricane Hits England' and 'Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan'. 'Search For My Tongue' is a poem about a Gujarati woman called Sujata Bhatt that had moved to another country resulting in her having to speak 'a foreign tongue'. She felt alienated because she felt out of place as the 'mother tongue' died in her mouth but returned to her overnight in a dream where it grew back, stronger than the 'foreign tongue'. Sujata Bhatt uses language to create a feeling of homesickness. She uses 'lost' when mentioning the loss of her 'mother tongue'. This expresses sadness, and then the Gujarati text helps the reader to understand what she has lost and what her 'mother tongue' is like. Words like 'rot' and 'die' makes the reader feel that Sujata's homesick, as her home language is dead and so doesn't feel at home because of the loss in her culture. Another word that is used that is also very important is the word 'the'. She uses this with the 'mother tongue'. ...read more.

Middle

In verse three, she is talking and asking questions as if the hurricane is alive. 'Old tongues' shows a very ugly image. It makes the reader think of an old mouldy tongue, that used to be a thing of her past but has come back to follow her. Following on to the next stanza in the poem, 'the blinding illumination' is like lightning that shows a new light to the way the poet sees things but then that's a paradox as the 'further darkness' causes power cuts which doesn't make sense because Grace Nichols feels at home with this light that is causing chaos! The simile 'falling heavy as whales', is double sided. It could mean that because the trees are heavy it's just like whales falling on top of you, or that the whales are like the outburst of torrential rain surrounding the hurricane. 'The cratered graves' are important in this poem because it's showing that the voodoo gods are bringing death along with the hurricane as the unsightly 'crusted roots' are showing. On line twenty-six, it mentions 'unchained'. This gives an image of freedom. Further on, the 'frozen lakes' show that her feelings are cold and numb. The numbness shows that she is helpless and is just watching everything fly past her as she's also in pain. Pain from the inability of movement. The 'sweet mystery' gives an image of the love she has towards the hurricane, even though she is lifeless from the numbness it gives her. ...read more.

Conclusion

From lines forty-nine to fifty-four, there's a picture of Grace Nichols running away from war. She'd been 'sent to England' 'screaming' finding herself alone with her English grandma. Throughout the journey it is obvious that it was uncomfortable, because it was 'prickly' and hot. It all seems disturbing and the poet is trying to make a painful image of what she had been through, as it was hard moving from country to country. The photographs that are mentioned are from the fifties', and so are black and white. This gives an image of Pakistan being far away and fading out. It doesn't seem too colourful any more, but dead with 'fractured land' that is symbolic because it shows that the poet is being torn apart as well, not knowing who she really is. Basically the poem is showing that the culture and traditions involved are becoming unordinary as the clothes are locked up in the wardrobe, the jewellery that the mother treasured was 'stolen' and the request of clothes from Marks and Spencers by her aunts weren't usual. The poet just wants to be part of her ethnic culture without having to wear certain clothes and getting judged by others. As seen, the three poets all use the three same techniques to make their poem memorable and valued. Extended metaphors are used and negative with a few positive images are told. I think that the poets used their language, form and images carefully, as all three poems are memorised in my mind. ...read more.

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