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How does the struggle between good an evil in humannature reveal itself in the novels Lord of the Flies by William Golding and The strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson?

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Introduction

How does the struggle between good an evil in human nature reveal itself in the novels Lord of the Flies by William Golding and The strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson? The novels The strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde written by Robert Louis Stevenson and Lord of the Flies by William Golding both portray a very similar message. In both novels there are characters, which represent both good and evil showing the contrasts, which occur throughout the whole storyline. Both novels can be described as an allegory as they both show different levels and meanings e.g. in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde one represents good the other evil even though they are the same person. This gives us the indication that Stevenson's message is that evil can be found inside everyone. Also Golding uses characters to bring this message across as well. Lord of the Flies is situated on an island and when the boy's plane crashes they are provided with the ideal surrounding with great resources to survive until they're rescued. The island almost acts as a parent even though they are without parental supervision. The island can be compared to the Garden of Eden as it's described as a "natural beauty". But straight away we are warned there is a "dark side" to the island. Almost suggesting something will go wrong or this is where something horrendous will take place. The children's main aim when they are all together is to pick a leader. This is where the conflict begins mainly because Ralph gets picked and Jack becomes Jealous. Ralph shows maturity and intelligence where Jack shows power and strength. Golding almost suggests that if Jack and Ralph were combined they would be the ultimate leader. Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde shows how scientific experiments can go wrong and Stevenson tells that even though we try to avoid evil it will never go away. ...read more.

Middle

Ralph is the only person on the island who is mentally strong enough to stand up to Jack. When Jack allows the fire to be blown out by not looking after it as his tribe goes hunting instead Ralph confronts Jack and argues with him. Ralph knows the most important thing to do is keep the fire going as it is there only way to be rescued. Piggy if he was different looking would be an ideal chief but he is mocked because of his weight and him wearing glasses is almost considered as a disability. He is very weak but strong minded he knows this and is very nervous because he has ass-mar and to much work makes him very tired and gasping for breath. Because of this he is constantly left out and even if he pleads with Ralph to let him go Ralph just tells him to "shut up". Jacks tribe becomes rebellious and at the start of the book there is a part of the island described as the "dark side" its ironic that this is where Jacks tribe sets up base as he has become evil and this side of the island is perfect for Golding to get this message across to evil can be brought out of man even through children. Piggy and Ralph are the only two people not in Jacks tribe and again they show maturity by going to sort their differences with Jack but it only resorts in Piggy being murdered. "The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee" "Piggy fell forty feet and landed on his back across the square red rock in the sea". Ralph is on his own and runs and hides for his life. Jack sends the whole of his tribe to kill him. Ralph is in hiding and he sees a boy called Bill and he sums up what Jacks tribe has turned into. ...read more.

Conclusion

The arrival of the naval officer in Lord of the Flies restores order, as there is no fighting after that. Again showing how adult supervision can control children. If he hadn't of turned up it would of surely meant Ralph being hunted and eventually killed. Even though Ralph has been put through so much with his friends being killed he doesn't tell the officer what happened he is almost too distraught to tell him. Jekyll's overall message is that as Hyde became more ever present it made him stronger n Jekyll weaker. "That I was slowly losing hold of my original and better self, and becoming slowly incorporated in my second and worse" He felt that Hyde was killing him and that once he came out again it would be the last time and Jekyll would never return and Hyde would be free to cause terror. In order to stop this Jekyll commits suicide but when Utterson and Poole find him he is Mr. Hyde finally the beast is dead but so is Jekyll. Being found as Mr. Hyde shows that evil will always be brought out before good. So him being found dead shows that he was predominantly evil and it was a stronger case of killing evil rather than good. Both of these writers take a very negative view on human nature they mainly focus on evil and that is way life is more based on evil. Also both writers focus on good people in their novels but these are almost forgotten as throughout the book the main focus is on evil rather than goodness. Both novels start of good but then descend into evil this could also be them describing life as even Adam and Eve couldn't resist temptation and being told something evil would happen. So again start off good with the Garden of Eden but then destroy it with a bit of evil inside them. The books could represent life but very drastic approach it almost instills a message in every reader that evil is inside all of you and it will prevail sometime in your life. ...read more.

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