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How does the writer convey his views in the play?

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How does the writer convey his views in the play? J.B Priestley has written "An Inspector Calls" purely to promote his views, he believes in socialism and is strongly against capitalism. Priestley believed in equality for all sexes, races and classes. He thought the class system was wrong, he did not approve of the way the Upper Class thought they were better than everyone else below them and he wanted everybody to be responsible for each others welfare. He uses Mr Birling, a proud and arrogant man, as a typical capitalist and the inspector, a clever courageous man, as a typical Socialist. Birling's reputation is cleverly ruined by his ironic reference to the Titanic's indestructibility, which in one week will crash into an iceberg and sink. The audience know that this has already happened and has been done to illustrate Birling's foolishness. The audience's first impressions of the play are that it is a straightforward detective thriller. ...read more.


The inspector is in control throughout the play, despite Mr Birling's attempts to undermine and threaten him by telling the inspector he knows his superiors. The inspector is a powerful and all-knowing man, no one tells him anything he does not already know. As well al conveying Priestly's views, the inspector is in the play to make the characters realise where they are going wrong in life, this is shown when Sheila accepts the blame of Eva Smith's death all on her own accord, the inspector assures her and asks her to stay and listen to Gerald's part in Eva's death, so she doesn't blame herself entirely. In the inspector's final speech he is basically saying that unless they make an effort to help out people of the lower class they will be punished, "If men will not learn that lesson, they will be taught in fire and blood and anguish." ...read more.


"I know I'm to blame and I'm desperately sorry," "The fact remains that I did whatever I did," Sheila has learnt that although there was no Eva Smith their actions could easily have lead to the death of someone. Sheila and Eric have greatly changed from the beginning of the evening from being capitalists to socialists. "Everything we said had happened really had happened. If it didn't end tragically, then that's lucky for us. But it might have done". Priestly one main objective was to influence the public and make sure the audience left his play changed people. He is saying that it is up to the younger generation to change for the better because older people are a lot more resisted and attached more to their ideas and beliefs. I think the play has two main themes, first it points to the need for each human being to accept their responsibility to look after those less privileged than themselves. Second is that younger people are more conscious of their behaviour and are less selfish than the older generations. ...read more.

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