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How does the writer use the trial of Tom Robinson to bring out the themes and issues in this book?

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How does the writer use the trial of Tom Robinson to bring out the themes and issues in this book? To kill a mockingbird brings out many themes and issues during the course of the book. The trial of Tom Robinson helps the readers to understand the prejudice that black people face in Maycomb County. The themes of courage and prejudice reflect the trial of Tom Robinson who was racially and falsely accused of raping a white woman. Part 2 consists of the trial. Calpurnia takes the children to the Black community church. The quote, "Negroes worshipped in it on Sundays and white men gambled in it on weekdays," really depicts the racial side of Maycomb and how racially prejudice this community is. Furthermore, this quote also suggests that in Maycomb the black churches do not mean anything and they are more of a waste of space to the white people. The quote, "She was talking like the rest of them," was said by Scout who is a child. This shows that even the children of the community can recognise this clear division between the black and white people. In the eyes of the white people the trial, "Was like a Saturday," and was, "A gala occasion," suggesting that they saw it as a big exciting event which had a convivial and joyful atmosphere. ...read more.


The line, "Why, yes suh, I'd tip m'hat when I'd go by, and one day she asked me to come inside the fence and burst up a chiffarobe for her," suggests that he is not bothered about race and he is respectful of her. He, like Atticus, believes in equality. Black people are exposed as those who are bad and commit evil, "The evil assumption- that all Negros lie, that all Negros are basically immoral beings," Atticus says this in order to sweep away people's assumption of the Black people. We can also see that throughout the period of the trial Jem and Scout mature and their understanding of the situation develops. We can straight away see Jem's maturity from the phrase, "Mister-Jem," as you age you receive a higher status. Jem's maturity continues. The line, "In addition to Jem's newly developed characteristics, he had acquired a maddening air of wisdom," we can observe that Jem is becoming a new person. This is also suggested through the phrase, "Oh, go on and leave me alone. I'm readin' the paper." He doesn't spend much time with Scout anymore and is acting like a man, like Atticus. Furthermore, Jem is very comprehensive of what he is witnessing. ...read more.


He makes up a lie, "Atticus the phone's ringing!" he is trying to get Atticus out of the situation. However, Atticus fails to be threatened by the comments and stands up for himself. The theme of courage continues and we see that Atticus' courage is noticed among everyone. The line, "Yeah, but Atticus aims to defend him," shows that even though he was appointed to defend Tom Robinson he will do anything to effectively defend him. He takes on this case with open arms ignoring the comments from the community. Atticus wants and chooses to defend him because he believes in Tom's innocence. This line is again repeated, "Atticus aimed to defend him," which emphasises this point. Throughout this novel we can see the changes in behaviour and attitude from Jem and Scout. Jem is a very good superior model for Scout as he plays a similar role to a father in her life. Scout attitude maturity vastly as she empathises with Atticus and she looks after and cares for him. I think the main theme of this book is prejudice, mainly racial prejudice against the black people. The black people receive no respect but it is inspiring to see them dealing with their situation. Atticus Finch is a very inspirational character. He believed in Tom's innocence and fought for his innocence in court. He risked his reputation which takes moral courage. ...read more.

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