• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Doyle and Poe represent crime in their stories

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How do Doyle and Poe present crime in their stories? Poe's most exemplary writing is the cause of his uniquely terrifying world, and intriguing connections to facets of the author's tragically disordered life. He is also responsible for his most famous poems 'The Raven', 'Ulalume', 'The Bells' and 'The City in the Sea' which were enormously influential. These famous verses were behind a powerful wave of enthusiasm for Poe that arose among the leading writers of Europe during his own lifetime, spread thereafter around the world, and was sustained through the 'discovery' of existential 'human condition' themes in his short stories, generations later. Poe's theory was that, the writer should aim at creating a single and total psychological or spiritual effect upon the reader. The theme or plot of the piece is always subordinate to the author's calculated construction of a single, intense mood in the reader's mind, be it melancholy, suspense, or horror. In his story 'Tell Tale Heart', Poe creates an atmosphere filled with apprehension, revulsion. He also examines the criminal mentality, by using a variety of technical features and reasons for terror that is never apparent, resulting in the frightening events of his story. In it Poe uses the criminal's point of view, presenting the story from a different perspective, allowing the reader to analyze and explore the dark side of the criminal psyche, which Poe presents alluring and obnoxious at the same time. ...read more.

Middle

This is because he was obsessed in getting rid of the eye; he gets carried away with his task. Poe symbolizes the heart beat as the old man's life and also to the memory of the criminal and his increase in panic. Throughout the last paragraph, Poe adds tension using a number of exclamation marks and dashes creating suspense, and shows the increasing anxiety within the killer's thoughts. The exclamation marks 'Villains! ...no more! ...admit deed! - tear up the planks! ...here! Here! - ...hideous heart!!' explains that the criminal has spoken suddenly to express his anger and fury by yelling at the policemen for 'making...mockery of my horror'. It also adds tension and shows the increase of pace in his speech, as the killer's anxiety and nervousness increases, whilst he thinks that the policemen suspect him. Holmes was first created by Doyle in a story called 'A Study in Scarlet' published in 1887. Sherlock Holmes was based on Edgar Allan Poe's detective C. Auguste Dupin and Eugene Francois Vidoq, a former criminal who became chief of the Surete, Paris' police force. Holmes' physical appearance was that of Dr. Joseph Bell, Doyle's teacher from the University of Edinburgh. His surname came from Oliver Wendell Holmes, an American poet admired by Doyle. Within the timeline of the stories, Holmes lived in London at 221B Baker Street from approximately 1881 to 1903. ...read more.

Conclusion

Unlike Poe, Doyle's' uses of accurate descriptive language helps the reader to create a clear image of the story and what is occurring '...face drawn gray, with restless, frightened eyes, like those of some haunted animal...' describing the character. The adjectives 'restless' and 'frightened' describes the woman's state and gives the impression that she is terrified and agitated about what is concerning her. Similar to Poe, Doyle also includes personification, comparing the woman's eyes to '...some haunted animal...' using animal imagery, the adjective 'haunted' suggesting that the woman wore a worried and troubled expression. In general Poe presents crime, using repetition 'nervous-...dreadfully nervous' to intensify the reader whilst using short sentences adding tension 'He had never wronged me'. The long sentences include a lot of description, using several adjectives 'wise...audacity...', and information about his intentions and objectives. Similarly, Doyle uses the same method although he has a number of long sentences including subordinate clauses, plus a wide range of descriptive language and Victorian vocabulary, illuminating the intelligence and sophistication of Holmes and Watson. On the other hand, Poe also uses a variety of punctuation marks such as exclamation marks and dashes, 'Villains! ...no more! ...' creating tension, apprehension and explicates the killer's growing anger and anxiety. Although Doyle's story doesn't show a variety of punctuation marks, he has included formal language and dialogues between the characters and keeps the reader interested by giving clues to the investigation whilst Watson leads the reader through red herrings. ?? ?? ?? ?? Anushki Jayasekera 10A ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Edgar Allan Poe section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Edgar Allan Poe essays

  1. "The Raven" by Edgar A. Poe - oral commentary.

    The narrator's senses in a heightened frenzy seem to smell the incense and alert him to the evil of the Raven. 'nepenthe' is an ancient drug (pause) writer's refer to as a means of forgetting trouble or grief. Poe also uses this writing technique to express the unbearable grief felt by the lover, which he wishes to forget.

  2. By comparing‘The Yellow Wallpaper’ with ‘Hop Frog’ discuss the ways in which the writersportray ...

    Ironically this is not her former self, who is finally named as Jane, but another person; her insanity. Whilst 'The Yellow Wallpaper' remains ambiguous, the ending of 'Hop frog' is completely literal. Because eof the fact that Poe is a man, he can afford to take more liberties that perhaps Gillman was unable to take.

  1. Edgar Allan Poe's The Raven

    He never discloses the exact nature of his relationship to the victim. The old man and his killer seem to live in the same house, and this would suggest a family bond of some kind, and, from here, a father-son relation with ample room for subconscious motives.

  2. Tales of terror

    The narrator is talking to someone else another person who is not identified. Poe has written this story in 1st person narrative, by doing this Poe provides us with insight into the character's motivation in committing murder as well as his purpose in relating it to the reader.

  1. Comparison of The Raven and The Erlking

    Many poems have the rhyming scheme the same as the Erlking because it is very basic. This rhyming scheme is:- 1. A 2. A 3. B 4. C An example of this rhyming scheme in the poem is:- 1. Who rides so late where winds blow wild?

  2. Choose two of the pre-20th century short stories that you have studied. Compare and ...

    with much vigour to deny even with the first few lines of the text where the narrator begins by assuring us that he is not mad and then, through the story he relates, he convinces us beyond any shadow of a doubt that he is as mad as a hatter.

  1. 'How are nineteenth century short stories traditional short stories?'

    It doesn't lead into the story very quickly nor is it exciting. However, it does make the reader ask many questions in their heads creating some suspense. They could be asking questions such as; who is this king? Why is he so fond of jokes?

  2. Explore the techniques used by pre-twentieth century authors to build fear and tension for ...

    The arrogance of the killer annoys the reader, yet we still feel a subconscious sympathy towards him, for he is lost within himself; "I know myself no longer." The writer builds up a lot of tension at the end. The whole plot has been leading up to an intense crescendo,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work