• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How effective is Bront's use of gothic conventions in the opening sections of Wuthering Heights?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How effective is Bront�'s use of gothic conventions in the opening sections of Wuthering Heights? Emily Bront� uses many effective and powerful gothic devices in the opening chapters of Wuthering Heights. She exploits tones of mystery and discomfort to create unease with the reader, as well as many different themes of the gothic such as unknown identity, unexplained past, cruelty and nature. She also uses pathetic fallacy in combination with isolationism to show the reader of Lockwood's predicament in the opening chapters. The names created by the author also contain an aspect of the gothic and foreshadow events. Her powerful descriptions of Wuthering Heights and its backdrop using gothic conventions give the reader an excellent idea of sinister atmosphere surrounding the house. She utilises the archetypal techniques of gothic writing in describing Wuthering Heights as a castle and Lockwood's dream in which he sees ghosts. All of these thing show how her opening resonates with the gothic style and creates a daunting scene for the reader. The book was first published in 1847, although it was probably written slightly earlier as Bront� had trouble getting it published as female authors were not appreciated at that time, in a time that is described as the post-romantic era as it was after the time that most romantic novels were written. ...read more.

Middle

We are told of Cathy removing a "long dark book" from the shelve, which is suggesting that it is a book that contains evil things, although it may be harmless. Cathy then tells Joseph that she has "progressed in the Black Art" and that his "rheumatism can hardly be reckoned by providential visitations." Here she is suggesting that it is perhaps due to her doings that Joseph has rheumatism and that only she can cure it, whether this is true or not is left unknown, which adds to the mystery of the book, although it is very likely that Cathy is just trying to scare him and this uncertainty is a powerful gothic device. She is then described by Bront� as a "Little witch", again suggesting she is evil and adding to the gothic uncertainty. Another early point that Bront� uses in this book is her description of Wuthering Heights itself. In the first few pages of the book she describes Wuthering Heights as a castle through the narrator at the time, Lockwood. The word "wuthering" used in the name of the house tells us that the house is subject to strong winds and stormy weather. This is use of pathetic fallacy in the description of the house by Bront�, which tells the reader that it is an unwelcoming place, and it even foreshadows the snow storm in the later chapters. ...read more.

Conclusion

The name Heathcliff, while it does not foreshadow any events, it still gives an insight into the character. The name created by Bront� informs us that he is a man that is very close to nature and has a contrasted personality as the two parts of his name contrast, A heath being a flat, horizontal area of land, where a cliff is vertical and therefore completely the opposite. I believe that Emily Bront� uses many different and powerful gothic devices and conventions in the opening chapters of Wuthering Heights. She develops tones of mystery and anxiety to produce discomfort with the reader, as well as many different topics of the gothic such as unknown identity, unexplained past, cruelty and nature. She also uses pathetic fallacy in combination with isolationism to show the reader of Lockwood's quandary in the opening chapters. Her description of Wuthering Heights in the opening chapter sets the scene for the rest of the book and her intelligent use of names foreshadows events in the book. She makes use of the supernatural to create nervousness amongst the characters which is an excellent use of the gothic. Finally I consider that Emily Bront�'s use of gothic conventions and devices in the opening chapters is particularly powerful and sets the scene excellently for the rest of the book. ?? ?? ?? ?? Harry Chamberlain English Coursework Page 1 of 3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Emily Bronte section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Emily Bronte essays

  1. Wuthering Hieghts-How effective are the first three chapters as an opening to a novel?

    back to 19th century life, the only other thing that I have noticed in the chapters that indicate something to do with the 19th century is that the inside of the heights has a parlour, I think parlours were mainly in the 19th century as many bigger houses or manors would have a parlour.

  2. Wuthering Heights is a Story About Love and Revenge; How Is The Gothic Genre ...

    He is not able to speak English and the other children resent him. Heathcliff was Mr Earnshaws favourite and when Mr Earnshaw dies Heathcliff becomes even more isolated. Hindley degrades him to a servant and beats him every so often just because his father liked Heathcliff more than he liked Hindley (put quote here).

  1. The opening three chapters of Wuthering Heights are very similar to chapters 5, 6 ...

    In both books, the fact that both houses are isolated and very desolate helps to give the idea of something eerie and strange about the area. Yet, both Kipps and Lockwood are attracted to this idea. In The Woman in Black, the fact that the land is so flat and

  2. Both Wuthering Heights and Catcher in the Rye use very distinctive and individual characters ...

    adds to the feeling of the book itself, so I have chosen to include this too. Cathy's language is similar to that of Heathcliff. During their childhoods, they spent a lot of time together, so this is really not surprising.

  1. How does Bront create atmosphere and suspense in chapter 3 of Wuthering Heights?

    own little world of being a lady, rich and having fancy parties thought that it degrade her to marry Heathcliff as he was called a 'Gypsy'. Personally I would sympathise with Heathcliff who's love for Catherine is extremely obvious but she can't see it and ends up marrying Edgar Linton.

  2. Wuthering Heights, Chapters 11-23

    They embrace and then Heathcliff accuses Cathy of neglecting herself, bringing death upon her. The distraught Cathy cries and begs forgiveness. Heathcliff says that she is responsible for breaking both their hearts. He tells her, 'I forgive what you have done to me.

  1. Refer to chapter one of Wuthering Heights and comment on how Emily Brontë introduces ...

    it comes to interpreting their own characters, they are often lying to themselves, intentionally and unintentionally. This shows that they do not know themselves and are still on a path of discovery to express themselves properly with the knowledge of how their minds work.

  2. Compare and contrast the styles of both Willian Golding and Emily Bronte in their ...

    organised the building of the huts, the meetings and the arrangement surrounding the conch, and the fire, and Jack could represent dominance and savagery due to his strong physical presence, i.e. his "red hair" makes him stand out as well as being associated with a fiery temper it also significantly, indicates danger.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work