• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How effectively does the writer, Charles Dickens, create a feeling of antipathy in the reader towards the character, Scrooge in the opening stave of 'A Christmas Carol'?

Extracts from this document...


Abdulbasit Asif How effectively does the writer, Charles Dickens, create a feeling of antipathy in the reader towards the character, Scrooge in the opening stave of `A Christmas Carol'? Christmas has always been a happy, joyous occasion, an occasion, on which everyone expresses feelings of goodwill and happiness. This is probably true for everyone but Dickens' character Scrooge. It's now common terminology for anyone not being in the `Christmas spirit' to be referred to as a Scrooge. This just shows how much of an impact Dickens's novel has had on Christmas and people. At the start of stave 1 we hear about Scrooge's old business partner, Marley who had just recently died. "Scrooge was not so dreadfully cut up by the sad event, but that he was an excellent man of business on the very day of the funeral, and solemnised it with an undoubted bargain." This idea of Scrooge not going to Marley's funeral so he could work and make a bit more money just shows how heartless and uncaring he can be. Anyone reading this would most likely feel some antipathy to Dickens's character because of his greed and love for money at a time to show some respect. ...read more.


Another example of the use of pathetic fallacy to create feelings of antipathy towards Dickens's character is "No warmth could warm, no wintry weather could chill him." What I think Charles Dickens means here is that Scrooge is such a cold person and he won't ever be anything less than cold. The second part of the second is to show that he's so cold that the wintry weather could not make him any worse. This technique is used to further express just how unfeeling Scrooge can be. The first words Dickens puts in Scrooge's mouth are his response to his nephew, Fred's, holiday greetings. "A merry Christmas, Uncle! God save you," says Fred; to which Scrooge replies, immortally, "Bah! . . . Humbug!" In two words, Scrooge establishes himself as the personification of cheerless, joyless, cold hearted inhumanity, an impression strengthened throughout the opening stave. After this first stave where Dickens creates Scrooge as this almost inhumane, heartless character, we now see a huge turnaround after his visit by the three Christmas spirits. He is now a totally reformed person with love for the Christmas season. ...read more.


This again contrasts with the dark and dreary atmosphere we see in the first stave. This shows us that with one person's happiness can rub off on the people around him and make the world a nicer place, which I believe is part of the purpose for Charles Dickens writing this novel. The irony of the story is that we can see how much happier Scrooge is giving his money away rather than being a tight-fisted miser. This gives an `it's better to give than to receive' kind of message to the novel. One of the fundamental facts about the story is that characters are interesting in proportion to the degree of change they undergo as a result of discovery. That belief is clearly revealed in `A Christmas Carol' and it accounts for the continuing and undeniable interest that we feel in the transformation of Scrooge from an unfeeling monster into a morally reborn human being. "He became as good a friend, as good a master, and as good a ma, as the good old city knew, or any other good old city, town, or borough, in the good old world." This last quote sums up Dickens's purpose for writing this novel of change. If this monster of a character can change, anyone can. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. A Christmas Carol - Marley's Ghost.

    'It matters little,' she said softly. 'To you, very little. Another idol has displaced me; and, if it can cheer and comfort you in time to come as I would have tried to do, I have no just cause to grieve.' 'What Idol has displaced you?'

  2. The novel 'A Christmas Carol', by Charles

    is hand from the key, but then gained composure again and went indoors. Scrooge might have been somewhat wishing the face had been there, because he stops and was a little startled, but then carried on. Dickens says that "He did pause, with a moment's irresolution, before he shut the door; and he did look cautiously behind it first".

  1. ‘The First Miracle’ by Jeffery Archer, ‘Memories Of Christmas’ by Dylan Thomas and ‘A ...

    give someone once and walked off," (This is probably that they don't want to anger him by arguing with his family) I think he is good at his job because he is in control of the locals -they obey him and the boy respects his father and wants to be

  2. Dickens’ A Christmas Carol and Priestley’s An Inspector Calls have strong messages for the ...

    Dickens goes on to describe him as, "so gay and light of heart," he now is confirming that Scrooge is positively transforming into a much kinder and happier person. Towards the end of stave one Dickens personifies "Want" and "Ignorance" as two children.

  1. How does Charles Dickens manipulate readers feeling about Ebenezer Scrooge throughout the Christmas Carol?

    This contrast actually shows that Scrooge has changed so much that Dickens now refers to him with warm and positive adjectives. The narrator uses a conversational and avuncular style to gain our trust and confidence, "I might have been inclined...

  2. Dickens is a writer whose work reflected the concerns of the society in which ...

    This is reflected in the way Scrooge is so harsh and cruel to his clerk Bob Cratchit to whom he refuses to let have days off or leave early. Scrooge is also "Solitary as an Oyster" meaning he is alone, hard to reach, single, difficult, distant and does not have any friends.

  1. A Christmas Carol Assignment - Charles Dickens

    I think that Dickens makes the nephew such a cheerful character because it clearly contrasts and helps to show how ignorant and self-centred Scrooge is by ignoring his happy nephew and never visiting him. I think Dickens created this character to show that Scrooge deliberately avoids friendly human contact.

  2. At the endof the novel we are told that Scrooge ''became as good a ...

    And it is here when he is talking to these kind gentlemen that he says a shocking and rather gruesome statement in response to the gentlemen: ''If they would rather die,' said Scrooge, 'they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population...''

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work