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How important is a knowledge of the Russian revolution to a solid understanding of 'Animal Farm'?

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Introduction

Debbie James 113W How important is a knowledge of the Russian revolution to a solid understanding of 'Animal Farm'? 'Animal Farm' can be read in two different ways. The first is as a child's book about animals that can walk and talk, but the second is to understand what message the book is trying give. To understand this message you need to understand about the Russian revolution 1917. In the book 'Animalism' is created and in the revolution communist leaders gain power. The book directly links a person from the revolution to a character in the book. Everything that happens in the book happens because a similar event happened in the Russian revolution. 'Animal Farm' is a moral satire. It is predicting what will happen to communism in Russia and the fate of all revolutions that overthrow authority. In the book Orwell uses different animals to represent the different social classes that were in Russia at the time of the revolution. * Pigs for the exploiters * Horses for the labourers * Dogs for the police / army * Sheep for the blind followers. The book shows that as long as the pigs exist they will grab power, just as the exploiters did in Russia. ...read more.

Middle

This is where they are different for Snowball. Snowball also set up different comities for different animals but Old Major had already died so he did it alone as he got no support from the other pigs. Both snowball and Trotsky had their opposition. Trotsky had Stalin and Snowball had Napoleon. In the book if snowball made a suggestion or had an idea Napoleon would oppose it, in Russia if Trotsky made a proposition for the country then Stalin would have opposed it. Napoleon and Stalin also act in connection. Both of them had their opposition banished from the country. Stalin secured his country and made sure that the country could defend itself if attacked, this was the opposite of what Trotsky wanted to do. Napoleon also did this. He ensured that the farm was ok within itself rather than spreading the ideas of the revolution to the neighbouring farms. Both Stalin and Napoleon found their opposition very useful once banished because they could blame everything that went wrong on them. Squealer was Napoleon's sidekick. He did all the talking and the propaganda. Politburo was the same in the Russian revolution. They both made all the public speeches and they both persuaded the audience that their leader was right, even if they weren't. ...read more.

Conclusion

She represents everyone who did not agree with the ideas and principles of the revolution. She does not like giving p her ribbons and working for less food. She also cannot stand not having treats and decides to run away to a new owner where she can wear ribbons in her mane and be fed treats. Many people did this in the Russian revolution too. They couldn't stand not owning anything for themselves and everyone being equal so they left and moved to countries where the ideas of the revolution hadn't or were not likely to catch on. All of the points made in the essay show the direct links between the Russian revolution and George Orwell's book 'Animal Farm'. They show that without this understanding and level of knowledge you cannot understand the full message that Orwell is trying to portray. He is showing that the revolution cannot work no matter how hard people try. Because there will always be someone to take the power for themselves. Each person who made a difference in the Russian revolution is portrayed as an animal in the book and each 'class' of people is shown by a different breed of animals, for example leaders pigs, labours as horses. If you do not understand the Russian revolution then you cannot read 'Animal Farm' anything more than a children's story with talking animals in it! ...read more.

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