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How important is Birlings interaction with the inspection in act 1 of "an inspector calls" How does priestly show the difficulties of workers at this time?

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How important is Birlings interaction with the inspection in act 1 of "an inspector calls" How does priestly show the difficulties of workers at this time? In 'an inspector calls,' Birling is the important character in starting off the whole change of events of the story of Eva smith. Birling is the symbol of capitalism and represents everything that is wrong with it. Priestley shows Birling up by using the inspector as his mouthpiece to show how Birling and capitalism is self-centred and is about the very rich and the very poor with no middle ground. This shows that everyone thinks of themselves and doesn't think of each other. Priestley's views are that the government should be socialist and for everyone. Priestly uses Eva smith also as a message, he uses her to show how citizens without a name are treated so badly and how she is underpaid who is never an important employee. This shows that capitalism is never for the working class. This play set in 1912 and was written in 1945, this is because if this play was written in 1912 for its time then no one would understand it politically and it wouldn't be recognised. However, if it was written in 1945, when the political view had changed and was very socialist, people would understand how bad the characters were and how the system was immoral. ...read more.


These questions start with Eva smith and what she has to do with Mr birling. He says that, "she was one of my employees and then I discharged her," which was said in a very straight and assertive tone. The inspector then says that she had died earlier that day. The inspector then asks Mr Birling on what grounds he had dismissed her on; Mr Birling then replies "they were averaging about twenty two and six, This was not wrong but after this she was faced against a strike from Eva smith and a couple of others who asked for a raise of 4 bob which was not a lot in a weeks pay. After this the inspector asked what did he say and Mr Birling answered "I refused of course," which again shows that Mr Birling does not care about the people around him and has no sympathy over Eva's situation at the time, Mr Birling does not show any signs of sympathy or sadness over the death of Eva. Mr Birling then asks what happened to Eva after and then jumps to a conclusion and says, "Get into trouble? go in the streets" which implies that she become a prostitute, which shows that he does not think highly of them. ...read more.


At first Birling fired her, then Sheila got her fired from her second job, after this Gerald, who is Sheila's fianc�, takes Eva in and gives her a roof over her head and money. After a while, she becomes Gerald's mistress but he has to leave her for a business trip. Mrs Birling plays her part by refusing Eva aid in bringing up her child on the grounds that she had impudence in calling herself Mrs Birling and the father should take responsibility for the child. An ugly twist then develops in the fact that we find out that Eric is the father of Eva's baby, which makes Mrs Birling speechless. After all of these events, Eva could not take life any more and committed suicide. This play shows how many people like Eva are pushed around in capitalized society. People like Mr Birling always pushes around people like Eva who don't have a name and need a job to get by and essentially are bullies. At the end of the play the inspector makes a speech and summarises why capitalism is wrong and that people like Eva smith are always neglected, this speech sums up the plays message perfectly. It also finishes off the message between the lines through the play about how hard capitalism is and how socialism is good and leaves the audience or reader in agreement with priestly because of his brilliant writing skills and persuasion. ...read more.

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