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How important is the influence of Lady Macbeth on her husband and on the play.

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Introduction

I am writing an English essay on a text that I have read. The text that I read and studied is called 'Macbeth' which is written by William Shakespeare. Shakespeare wrote Macbeth in late 1606 or early 1607, Macbeth was the last of Shakespeare's four great tragedies, the others being Hamlet, King Lear and Othello. Macbeth was written for his new patron, James I (James VI of Scotland), following the death of Queen Elizabeth. James was interested in witchcraft and Scotland, and hence the themes in the play. In Shakespeare's time most people believed that witches existed and that the witches could communicate with the devil and the dead people. People believed that some witches could see into the future, make people ill by using potions and spells. Between 1560 and 1603 hundreds of people mainly women were killed because they were excused of being a witch. That is why Shakespeare included witches in Macbeth. Shakespeare uses different dramatic devices in Macbeth. He uses dramatic irony in the scenes were the character is thinking and the audience can hear him but the other characters in the play can not hear him. Another dramatic irony is Shakespeare frequently uses juxtaposition comic scenes next to scenes, which are fraught with tension and emotion. This next section I will go through the plot of Macbeth so you the reader can understand the story and it will be easier for you to also ...read more.

Middle

Lady Macbeth also has other plans in mind. ''That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan under my battlements. Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here and fill me from the crown to the toe topple of dirtiest cruelty''. She welcomes Macbeth from his journey like a normal wife and then she tells him about his look. ''bear welcome in your in your eye, your hand, your tongue; look like th'innocent flower, but the serpent under't''. When Duncan arrives Lady Macbeth treats him with the most care; she appears as a kind hostess, acting, as she is flattered for him to be here. But behind all this flattery, however, she hides a sinister purpose. Lady Macbeth thinks to herself that every time I speek of something, that I think is insincere, bare your teeth menacingly, then smile. Which basically means in the long run 'foul is fair' and 'fair is foul'. When Lady Macbeth goes to see her husband as the king is awaiting him and Macbeth says that he will not continue with this deed of killing the king. Lady Macbeth is in shock and replies with. ''wouldst thou have that which thou esteem'st the ornament of life, and live a coward in thine own esteem''. Lady Macbeth uses a very smart tactic here in trying to persuade Macbeth to continue with the plan. ...read more.

Conclusion

After this scene, Lady Macbeth doesn't seem to have much to do with the play anymore. This is because of the change in the relationship of her and her husband. Macbeth is acting more responsible now for his actions. He decides on his own to kill Banquo. Macbeth also doesn't consider her when he decides to return to the witches and to kill Macduff's household. Later in the play, however, the murders do appear to have an affect on Lady Macbeth. One day a gentlewoman and a doctor find Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth talks about what she said on the day of Duncan's murder. ''Wash your hands, put on your night-gown, look not so pale.'' The doctor believes that she has a disease, which is beyond his practice. She does not have a disease but she is no longer able to cope by what has happened and she kills herself. She was thought to be a strong woman but the pressure was to large or strong and she was unable to manage with the taunting thoughts. She is no longer important in the play. Lady Macbeth is a major figure in this play. She is evil and very intelligent. She is Macbeth's other half. Without her, who knows if Macbeth would have become king of Scotland? She is able to change the whole play because of her authority over Macbeth. I believe it was the influence of Lady Macbeth that made Macbeth completely change his mind to kill Duncan rather then to forget the whole plan. ...read more.

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