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How important were liberal reforms 1907-1911

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How Important were The Liberal Social Reforms? -Sources study 1. I believe David Lloyd George made this speech in 1908 because he recognised the fact that the inclusion of the men's working class meant that the vote would now include their needs. They would all want help from the state etc so he therefore knew that if he promised these blue-collar workers that made up the majority of the population (not the rich landowners), help when they are sick/ill and money to support them when they are in need of employment he would win a large number of their valuable votes. We know Lloyd George knew this because he says in his speech ` I have had some excruciating letters piled upon me from people whose cases I have investigated...` and also because people like Charles Booth and Seebohm Rowntree ad made detailed analysis of the poor, the causes and how many of each class of people were affected at which age. The details picked up in surveys like those lead by Booth and Rowntree would help him know what kind of reforms to make and for which people. As it was at that current moment in time, the sick, infirm, unemployed, widowed and orphans were suffering the most and they had just been given the vote, so he wanted to make sure they knew he was their helpful option and this speech allowed him to target these people and win them over. He used words like `we are still confronted...` the use of the words `we` made him no longer sound like an important sir and wealthy politician but like one of their own which was important as most politicians at that time thought of the poor as being a lazy, lesser class of people. Also he knew that the rich landowners and the House of Lords would object to these reforms because they would be the ones paying for them, so that's why he thought he must win over the working ...read more.


F hasn't actually given them any sort of wealth or money as most of the money given is cut off after a while or isn't enough in the first place. It does show how people have become reliant upon the state `Old people hungry because they could not spin out their ten-shilling pension to cover food and fuelling to the week. Unemployed men in areas where no work was available cut off benefit for `not genuinely seeking work`. ` How did the old aged pensioners get enough money to just about survive before the pensions act? Through doing odd-jobs here and there and saving some money, but they no longer do those anymore, completely relying upon the state to support them for all their food. Also how did unemployed men previously get jobs before the National insurance acts? By moving from place to place seeking it and accepting that they must move in order to get work not by just taking the attitude of `there is no work here so I will go on benefits while I am indefinitely waiting for work to come into this area again` that source G describes. So Source G does not prove F wrong completely, it proves it wrong in some cases but in others it infact proves it right. Also in the defence of Source F, source G was written in 1939 well after the measurements were put in compared to F where the measures have just been put in, so the writer had the advantage of hindsight to say whether the reforms benefited the people or not whereas F is just a persons' view on the matter. 5. The small fat man under the desk in a suit represents the rich and landowners that Lloyd George (the giant) was after to take their money to re-distribute to the poor. The club having `budget` written across it because that's what the rich people would be hit by if Lloyd George got elected, a new budget which would make their profits/fortunes smaller which is why the fork is there too next to the plate. ...read more.


who drew the cartoon didn't want the reforms but on the other hand it shows how the reforms were important because it effected a lot a of people and so had to be right. Source I links in with source B as Lloyd George goes through his speech about who he is going to help, he does say `We mean to banish the workhouse from the horizon of every workman in the land` and in source B according to Flora Thompson the OAPs were `relieved of anxiety` from being threatened to go to workhouses previously. Sources A, B, D, E, F, H and I were all written at the time of the liberal reforms and therefore all I have written about them has been about how they were important at that moment in time to those people. To look at how important the reforms where to the future population, I got source J. Source J both criticises and compliments the reforms and how it helped the people. It does state that at the time of the reforms although doing little to aid the people's poverty and just about raising the poorest people from the poverty line, and G does state there were exceptions such as the `Ex-soldiers too ill to work but not entitled to pensions` it did overall change the social system from previously working under threat of starvation to working hard but without having to work when ill nor starving if made unemployed. I think the sources do all, however acutely, say the reforms were important especially J the foremost of the lot. This is because it shows more than the rest, why the reforms were important not only in the past at the time of their creation but also to this present day when it says `the Government had now been involved in helping the old, sick and poor; the foundations for the Welfare State had been laid.` ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 Bakr Al-Akku 11R History Source Work- Mr. Emeny ...read more.

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