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How Is Frankenstein a Typical Gothic Novel?

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Introduction

HOW IS "FRANKENSTEIN A TYPICAL GOTHIC NOVEL? The Gothic originated from gothic architecture, this medieval type of architecture was pointed arches, cathedrals, ruins and ancient statues, therefore these novels where very often set in a gloomy castle with dungeons, subterranean passages and sliding panels. The gothic tradition highlights the grotesque, relies on mysterious and remote settings, and is intended to evoke fear; they also served to show the dark side of human nature. The foundations that make an excellent gothic horror novel are the inclusion of supernatural elements, a story line that builds up suspense and tension, which also frightens the reader. There should also be a struggle between good and evil, this is represented in the cathedrals where God is good, and he is against the cold gloomy atmosphere and the gargoyle statues that sit on top of the cathedrals, which are represented as evil. These gargoyle statues inspired writers because of their scary looks. The weather is also an extremely important element, which should be included. The weather can be used to create atmosphere within the story. It also helps the reader to picture what is happening. Without weather I personally think that it would be exceedingly difficult to create atmosphere. An example of weather been able to set the atmosphere is using a dull atmosphere "heavens were clouded" to set a feeling of evil is about to happen because heaven, which is for the good, has been closed off from the world. ...read more.

Middle

Victor Frankenstein first realises that he has been creating evil and is sickened by what he has done. He also knows he should not try to act as God and his attitude had changed from a respected scientist to a possessed and obsessive person. "Darkness had no effect upon my fancy, a churchyard was to me the receptacle of bodies deprived of life...food for the worm" Victor Frankenstein has become so obsessive with creating life that he isn't sleeping anymore and he has no moral left. He is so desperate to reach his goal that he is disturbing the dead by digging them up to use in his experiment. No one in their right mind would dig up bodies, but victor Frankenstein is so caught up in what he is doing that he doesn't care. He is that fixed upon the creation that he now believes that he is being "forced" to spend all his time in his laboratory. Now that Victor Frankenstein had created the monster, he couldn't bare to look at his own creations face, "the beauty of the dream vanished, and the breathless horror and disgust filled my heart.", this also shows he wanted to make mankind and become God like. He is filled with regret and horror with his creation and then runs away from the room it was in, he also couldn't sleep or compose his mind all night long; " At length lassitude succeeded to the tumult I had before endured, and I threw myself on the bed in my clothes, ...read more.

Conclusion

It can also be portrayed as a romantic tale because the novel explores the tragic ruin of two heroes. Victor Frankenstein and the monster become powerful symbols of loneliness and are destroyed by their own talents and needs. For Victor Frankenstein to achieve this ha gave up his love for Elizabeth, but after he accomplished what he intended to do he went home to his loving wife to be Elizabeth. This gothic novel used all of the typical ingredients, which make up an admirable gothic novel. Mary Shelley made up a creation that was supernatural and this monster was opposite to humans as it had unnatural strength and its looks where just to horrifying to be human. Mary Shelley included long sentence, which built up suspense, and tension that made the reader feel more frightened and scared. She included the struggle between good and evil through the protagonists and she varied their views. Death was also a major part as we seen death all the way through, starting with a cholera epidemic and Victor Frankenstein raiding graveyards for the various parts of the human body, then later the murders of his family and friends by his creation. I think the atmosphere was built up mainly by the use of the weather and how it always reflected his feelings and what it was trying to hint at. Atmosphere was there to frighten the reader and build up the fear. Thus, Mary Shelley combines several ingredients to create a classic, memorable novel in gothic tradition. ...read more.

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