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HOW IS TENSION AND SUSPENSE CREATED IN THE SIGNALMAN BY CHARLES DICKENS , THE MONKEY'S PAW BY W.W. JACOBS AND THE RED ROOM BY H.G. WELLS. In this essay I will be examining how tension and suspense is created in the three short Victorian stories, they are: "The Signalman" by Charles Dickens, "The Monkey's Paw'" by W.W. Jacobs and "The Red Room" by H. G. Wells. The meaning of the word tension is the state of mental or emotional strain or suspense. The meaning of suspense is the apprehension about what is going to happen. Authors use tension and suspense in their stories, tension and suspense is used to grab the readers attention as well as make the story more interesting to read. Readers are more involved in the story if tension and suspense is used. A gothic genre is a genre of literature that emerged during the end if 18th century and the being of the 19th century (Victorian era). This style usually represented tales dealing with horror, despair, the unpleasant and other "dark" subjects. The supernatural is key in increasing the sense of horror. Many Gothic tales took places in such "gothic" surroundings. Surroundings such as a dark deserted places, a stormy castle or even out side where the weather is terrible. I will be looking at four main point in these three short Victorian stories, the four main point I will be looking at are the description given about the characters, the settings and the description given about the settings, the hints given about the story and the time delay. I will then be discussing how each one of these points created tension and suspense in the stories. I will then be discussing at the elements of the gothic genre. The first story I will be looking at is called "The Red Room" by H.G. Wells, a huge amount of suspense and tension is created. ...read more.


It also builds up more tension because it makes the reader wonder why is the Sergeant saying not to blame him for anything (it makes the reader want to ask questions about the Monkey's Paw.) The third quote is: "I wish my son was alive. The talisman fell to the floor, and he regarded it fearfully." The reason why this quote creates tension and suspense it because the man has made another wish and this time it is to get his son back alive. The reader knows something bad is going to happen again because the first time when he wanted money his son died, so it is more likely that something bad will happen again. It makes the reader wonder will his son come back to life with cuts and bruises on his face (because of what the machine has done to him) or will he come back to life perfectly fine. The final quote that builds up tension and suspense as well as gives out hints is "let me go," this quote builds up tension and suspense because it gives out hints that the man is afraid of his own son and because he is afraid he isn't letting his wife open the door. By reading that quote the reader can tell that the man is regretting what he has done, the reader can tell this because the quote shows that he is holding back his wife and he doesn't want to lose her. Like most other horror stories, time delay is also used in "The Monkey's Paw", time delay is used to build up tension and suspense amongst the reader. The reader can tell that W.W. Jacobs has used time delay from the quote, "I wish for two hundred pounds" to "with two hundred pounds." in between these to quotes nothing really happens. Time delay is added into stories because it grabs the readers attention and it makes the reader more anxious to know what is going to happen next in the story. ...read more.


The language in "The Monkey's Paw" is effective but it doesn't give that much detail like "The Red Room" but tension is created by the things that happen in the story. The language and the setting of "The Signalman" is very effective because the story is set in three different meetings. In the first and second nothing really happens but in the third meeting the narrator finds out the signalman is dead. The narrator also refers to himself as "I" so this builds more tension. Time delay is used in both "The Red Room" and "The Monkey's Paw". Time delay creates a huge amount of tension to the stories because it makes the reader feel more anxious to know what is going to happen next. It also grabs the readers attention and makes the reader more interested in the story. The three stories have many similarities. The settings of all three stories build up tension. All the stories also have a message to them. The message to "The Monkey's Paw" is that you cannot change fate. The message to "The Red Room" is that the only thing that people are most afraid of is fear itself and the message to "The Signalman" is that you should go with your what your instincts tell you. I think the most effective technique is the description of the setting and the usage of time delay because the settings make the reader feel uncomfortable and time delay makes the reader want to know what is going to happen next. The both create tension and suspense. I personally think that "The Red Room" is the most effective because of the description given about the characters and the settings. They both make the reader feel uneasy. Even though "The Red Room" seems to be more effective out of the three stories I prefer "The Monkey's Paw" more, this is because I think the story is more interesting that the other two and also because time delay takes place, it makes the story seem more interesting. ?? ?? ?? ?? -- ...read more.

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