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How is tension created in act 3 scene 1 of 'Romeo and Juliet' by William Shakespeare

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How is tension created in act 3 scene 1 of 'Romeo and Juliet' by William Shakespeare In 'Romeo and Juliet' by William Shakespeare, Act 3 Scene 1 is one of the most important and significant scenes in the play because it changes the course of the play. The scene includes the deaths of Mercutio and Tybalt. These two deaths are significant because they are the reason why Romeo is banished from Verona for killing Tybalt. Romeo kills Tybalt because Tybalt killed Mercutio and he wants to get revenge on Tybalt for killing his best friend, it therefore has an impact on Romeo and Juliet's relationship as Tybalt is Juliet's cousin. We know that in the end Romeo and Juliet die because in the sonnet at the start of the play it says "tow star-crossed lovers take their lives." After the deaths of Mercutio and Tybalt several of the characters change. The nurse before this scene supports Romeo and Juliet's relationship but then when Romeo kills Tybalt she says that Juliet should forget about him and marry Paris. The nurse have previously created humour in the play but telling crude jokes and comments but now her mood is serious and she no longer makes jokes. When Tybalt arrives on the scene Mercutio and Benvolio are in the town square of Verona. ...read more.


He does this by mocking him and using his wit against him. The level of tension between Mercutio and Tybalt is quite tense. On the outside it just seems like funny banter but we know that Tybalt does not enjoy being laughed at and that Mercutio really dislikes Tybalt. The audience can tell what is going to happen as they have seen how Tybalt has reacted to this kind of behaviour before. Benvolio's reaction is to try and keep the peace between the two of them and to stop the banter as he knows that there is bound to be a fight. He does this to try and stop the arguments between the two feuding families. , "We talk here in the public haunt of men: either withdraw unto some private place, and reason coldly of your grievances, or else depart: here all eyes gaze on us." From this speech we can tell that Benvolio does not want anybody to be harmed. When Romeo arrives in this scene- Act 3 Scene 1, the level of tension is increased. The level of tension increases because Romeo is the person that Tybalt is looking for, it is also increased because Romeo refuses to fight Tybalt as he knows that Tybalt is now is family. When Romeo refuses to fight for this reason Tybalt becomes angry because he doe not understand what Romeo is saying, "Good Capulet,-- which name I tender as dearly as my own,-- be satisfied." ...read more.


You would expect the actor playing the role of Romeo at this point to feel the fury that Romeo is experiencing and to act saddened by Mercutio's death. When Romeo kills Tybalt you should expect the actor to act shocked and surprised that he has killed Tybalt. "The citizens are up, and Tybalt slain. Stand not amazed: the prince doom thee death, if thou art taken: hence, be gone, away!" Benvolio is saying that Romeo should stop standing there amazed at what he has done to Tybalt but start running away from Verona where if he is caught he will surly be killed. This scene echo's Act 1 scene 1 because it is set around the same time of day- midday, and there is a fight. It also echo's the scene because at the end of Act 1 scene 1 the Prince, Capulets and the Montagues enter the stage. But in act 1 scene 1 there has only been a minor brawl whereas when the prince enters in act 3 scene 1 there has been a big fight and the death of two people- Tybalt and Mercutio. As a conclusion to this fight Romeo is banished from Verona and if he is caught there again he will pay with his life. Overall in this play the tension in this scene is created by the different characters moods and entrances into the scene. In this scene Shakespeare has used pun, foreshadowing, blank verse and dramatic irony. ...read more.

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