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How is the character of Scrooge developed and used in 'A Christmas Carol

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How is the character of Scrooge developed and used in 'A Christmas Carol" by Dickens? The novel, 'A Christmas Carol', is more than just a mere story instead it tries to expose the negative side of Victorian society and the reason behind this horror, the greed of the wealthy, through the development of the character Scrooge. All this while attempting to prompt readers with Scrooge's similar wealth to make a change. As mentioned earlier, the development of Scrooge's character is vital to this and I will explain how his character develops as the story proceeds and how it is used to accomplish the aim as mentioned above. In the first stave, Dickens tries to point out that Scrooge is a character that society considers negative. In the introduction, Dickens points out Scrooge's wealth to immediately aim any point about society not only to average people but in particular to people of Scrooge's similar wealth, he does this by describing Scrooge as 'an excellent man of business on the very day of the funeral', this not only proves Scrooge's wealth but also that Scrooge is a cold character, the first hint of the truly negative character of Scrooge to be revealed later in this stave, since he has the heart to do business on the day of the funeral of his long time business partner. What makes this worse is that Marley was Scrooge's equal in terms of character as far as the story goes since Dickens chose to describe what Scrooge meant to Marley as 'his sole executor, his sole administrator, his sole friend and his sole mourner', therefore since Scrooge showed little sympathy in the death of 'his equal' it gives the readers a sense of cannibalism since Scrooge is practically turning his back on Marley in his death. Even in the introduction, Dickens is quick to point out Scrooge's negative characteristics by describing him as a 'covetous old sinner', which means he is a person who not only has committed sins but also has an urgent and unscrupulous desire for possessions. ...read more.


in a way since Marley's ghost is in the afterlife, usually represents the authority in terms of passing the final judgement because of its link to God. Thereby the speech is important to reinforce our negative ideas of Scrooge's character in order for the readers to follow the story and gain any further lessons Dickens wants to point out to readers. Scrooge than goes through some very paranormal incidences for example during Scrooge's 'punishment' while waiting for the first spirit, time seemed to be lost as proven by the quote 'Why, it isn't possible' this statement is used by Scrooge to reflect the situation he is going through since there was no sun at twelve noon as proven by the quote 'It isn't possible that anything has happened to the sun, and this is twelve at noon!', these two statements give us a very important impression that Scrooge has been separated from time hence isolated from the world which contributes in giving readers an idea of the severity of the punishment. Which adds to the point Dickens is trying to make at this stage of the story, that bad things happen to misers who display the anti-social and deceitful characteristics Scrooge has thereby again prompting readers in Scrooge's similar situation to make a change. When the first spirit, The Ghost Of Scrooge's Past, arrives Scrooge is unwillingly follow him and reflect on his past as Scrooge makes excuses in terms of the reasons for not coming along with the spirit as proven by the quote, 'Scrooge to plead that the weather and the hour were not adapted to pedestrian purposes', this allows up to draw an idea that Scrooge has something he does not want to be reminded about in his past because of this unwillingly ness to reflect on his past. This allows us to conclude that Scrooge has not always been the negative character there is now since he does not want to reflect on his past, it means that there must have been something different about him in the past. ...read more.


but he then says that he still wants to change despite this negative emotion(but as I know your purpose is to do me good, and as I hope to live to be another man from what I was, I am prepared to bear your company) this is again Scrooge leading by example to any reader in his financial situation that the desire to change outweighs any negative emotion they will fear. This case of Scrooge leading by example is a clear contrast from his earlier all out negative character. Scrooge then breaks down with emotion when he wakes up from the experience as proven by the quote "laughing and crying in the same breath", this is important as it ensures the credibility of Scrooge's change in character during the experience since he seems to be a changed man even out of the dream because Scrooge usually did not show emotion before the visits by the spirits. After the experience, Scrooge is a changed man as proven by the quote "I am in earnest" this quote is said by Scrooge himself to describe himself hence proving that he has changed as Scrooge is not usually earnest at all. Not only which, Scrooge seems to be a lot happier after this change as proven by the quote "Oh, glorious." This is Scrooge describing the environment, in his description he describes it positively showing a sign that he is happier. This is important as it is a signal to readers in Scrooge's financial situation that they will be happier after the change. My conclusion is that Scrooge's character is used by Dickens to represent an exgaratted stereotypical version of the Victorian wealthy businessman who is greedy. The story is not only an attempt by Dickens to tell these businessmen what they are missing out on by being greedy(as proven by Scrooge's happiness after the change) but also meant to expose the unfairness in Society where the rich who can do the most to improve lives do not even try to do so. ...read more.

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