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How may I live without my name? I have given you my soul, leave my name!What is the importance of his reputation to John Proctor? (the crucible by arthur miller)

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Introduction

"How may I live without my name? I have given you my soul, leave my name!" What is the importance of his reputation to John Proctor? The Crucible is based on real historical events in Salem during the1600s. The townspeople lived in a theocracy with a real fear of the devil. It was written by Arthur Miller who wrote the book in the time of a fear of communism in America where committee was set up to investigate the spread of communism. This made people reveal names of others to spare their punishment John Proctor is a farmer in Salem with a good reputation and before he appears in the play, Miller gives us precise scene directions as to what he is like. "In his middle thirties," he is a man "powerful of body, even tempered, and not easily led." And "a fool felt his foolishness instantly in his presence." However he's a sinner and despite being respected and feared, "he has come to regard himself as a kind of fraud." He carries a guilty secret of an affair with his servant Abigail. Since Salem lived in a theocracy, Proctor has broken faith with his religion and his wife. What's unusual is that Abigail was the slave in the house and the master is supposed to control the slave. ...read more.

Middle

Mary then comes back and says that Elizabeth has been mentioned and she knows exactly why which is for Abigail to get rid of her-"There be a thousand names; why does she call mine!" Normally drunk people etc. are hung but Elizabeth is an important name! Hale then arrives and explains that he is there of his own free will to ask Proctor why he has stayed out of church and about the baptism of his latest son and Proctor honestly explains that he "sees no light of God in that man" which is Parris. Even though he has done lots of good deeds, it doesn't look good for him. He also forgets one of his commandments when asked-ironically it's the one of adultery, the sin he has committed. As Hale leaves, Elizabeth tells Proctor that he must go to court and tell them that the girls are lying. Giles Corey and Francis Nurse then arrive with a different matter that their wives have been arrested. Ezekiel Cheever also has a warrant fro Elizabeth's arrest. With a fair few arguments and strange theories about poppets, Elizabeth is finally taken and an enraged Proctor is determined to go to court to save her life. Mary Warren then tells Proctor that if they go to court, Abby would charge lechery on him and that would ruin him for good. ...read more.

Conclusion

He tires to explain why and "with a cry of his soul," shouts "Because it is my name! Because I cannot have another in my life!" He finally cannot take it anymore and tears the paper, knowing fully that he is tearing up his life in front of him. Parris wants Elizabeth to plead with him but she refuses-"He have his goodness now-God forbid I take it from him." Proctor is then hanged together with Rebecca Nurse and Martha Corey. The parallel of 1950s America and communism is similar to that of the devil and Salem with Senator McCarthy being judge Danforth and Arthur Miller himself being John Proctor. Miller himself was called before the committee and in being asked for names of others he says "I speak my own sins; I cannot judge another." Which as mentioned earlier, John Proctor says to Danforth. In writing this play he studied the original transcript for the trial but added some artistic license like the ages of Abigail and her affair with Proctor. Finally I think it was very worthwhile as it shows you how people were treated and betrayed when trouble sparked up. In the end I think Proctor made the right decision or maybe he would have lived with guilt for betraying others and also the village would not have seen him as the respectable John Proctor of old but a liar and adulterer. ...read more.

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