• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How strong was the monarchy on the death of Edward IV in 1483?

Extracts from this document...


How strong was the monarchy on the death of Edward IV in 1483? By 9th April 1483 Edward IV had strengthened the monarchy substantially. The problems he faced when he began his second reign were twofold, those to do with securing his kingdom, both peace and finances, and those to do with the rewarding of loyal nobles and the punishment of enemies. The Bastard of Fauconberg, the leader of the May landing in Kent and the attempted march to London, with support from Kentishmen, was initially pardoned. However he was eventually executed and an enquiry led by the Bourchiers dealt with the southeastern counties. Edward rewarded Hastings for his allegiance, as he became the Commander of Calais, where Warwick's former supporters having pardoned them and paid the garrison accepted him. Edward attempted to cause little upset in the nobility by issuing few attainders and a large number of pardons, including Lord Stanley and the earl of Oxford. Edward had managed to regain the throne through his greater noble support and the dominance that the noble retinues gave him over the Lancastrians. On the night of Edward's arrival in London to reclaim the throne Henry VI was murdered in the tower, which though usually blamed upon Richard, duke of Gloucester, was ultimately Edward's responsibility. ...read more.


In 1476 Clarence's wife died at Warwick, he began his search for a new wife almost immediately. His preferred choice was Mary, the daughter of Charles the Bold of Burgundy. Edward vetoed the marriage following the death of Charles the Bold at Nancy in 1477. This was necessary as it kept England out of an expensive alliance with Burgundy and avoided endangering the Treaty of Picquigny. This was also Edward enforcing his power for the first time over Clarence's unappeasable aspirations. Clarence could not cope with these restrictions on his ambition and he executed a former attendant, Ankarette Twynyho, and John Thursby, for 'murdering his wife and son respectively. Having been involved in a revolt in Cambridgeshire in 1477, and questioning the processes of the law surrounding the case of two men who plotted to murder Edward, Clarence was imprisoned in the Tower. In January 1478 Edward's patience had finally been expended and Clarence was, according to tradition, drowned in a butt of Malmesey wine, following his conviction for treason. In 1480 Edward once more collected benevolences so as to fund the war with Scotland. Led by Gloucester the Yorkists managed to recapture Berwick-upon-Tweed and Gloucester began to carve out the individual state he planned in the north. Gloucester helped Edward by maintaining the peace in the historically troublesome, north. ...read more.


This removed territorial power from nobility and brought more land into the king (and family's) possession. The king used customs duties, from the flourishing trade, to raise the finances further, as they were granted to him for life by the government. All of the finances were now diverted from the exchequer into the chamber, this allowed for money to be readily available and proved to be a far more efficient way of managing the finances. Edward's two benevolences, in aid of the wars with France and Scotland both helped to bolster funds, as they were eventually not even required. Furthermore the invasion of France brought even more income trough the Treaty of Picquigny. However Edward did have a more lavish court than Henry VI and had a larger number of royal households to expend money upon. The lack of parliamentary taxation in his second reign points to the fact that Edward had created a far safer country, as does the fewer number of parliaments called. Edward's 'new monarchy' left the Crown in a considerably stronger position in 1483 than it had been in 1461. Finance and trade were thriving in the time of relative concord, the nobility were more supportive of the king and due to the respect Edward had gained he controlled the nation and on 9th April 1483 he left a seemingly peaceful and strong monarchy behind him. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Richard III section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Richard III essays

  1. Comment on the characters and behaviour of Edward Ferrars and John Willoughby in

    Marianne flaunted the relationship, and gave everyone reason to believe they were engaged for example she gave Willoughby a lock of her hair and rode out in his carriage.

  2. How successfulwas Edward IV in restoring royal authority by 1470?

    He would have gained support from the people as they would not have been keen to ally with France, but he still loses royal authority as France gains power over England. Edward took a great interest in law and order, keen to establish royal authority in the realm by defining and keeping to laws.

  1. Discuss the effectiveness of the opening ofTim Burton's 'Edward Scissorhands'

    There are many close-up and point of view shots that feel claustrophobic and pressurised. Also, when the dishwasher repairman is in Joyce's house, a low-angle shot is used to make Joyce seem intimidating. Tim Burton lures the audience into thinking like the townspeople, and then forces them to reassess their views with new information.

  2. Comment on the characters and behaviour of Edward Ferrars and John Willoughby in "Sense ...

    the slightest as they do not flaunt the relationship but Willoughby's misconduct severely damages the reputations of two young girls. Luckily for Marianne she is able to recover. However Willoughby was not excluded from society because of this. Edward draws back so Elinor is unsure as to whether Edward ever

  1. Is it right to describe Edward the Confessor as a failure?

    However, some historians argue that Edward should be described as a failure as he was not able to deal with the power of the Godwines. This was especially because the Godwines ruled a great deal of land. Swein was made an earl in 1050, with an earldom compromising the Mercian

  2. On What Basis were the various claims to the throne made in 1066?

    After defeating the Welsh and impressing many abroad fighting in Bretton Harold had, already at such a young age, established himself a potential ruler who could lead in politics and on the battlefield. To his faithful citizens in Wessex and across the country he was better known as "Dux Angloram" and "Sub-regulus".

  1. What is significant about the way David Hare ends "Skylight"?

    Tom is so easy to see through, and Kyra can see that he seeks reassurance, and oozes unhappiness. That goodbye is so final, so tense, you know they will never meet again and nothing will ever be resolved between them.

  2. 'In his depiction of Richard III Shakespeare has created much more than a simple ...

    This is dramatic irony in place, as the Lord Mayor doesn't know Richard's resentment for religion. Nevertheless, even we are fooled by the great fake role he plays here. The language he uses is that of a Christian man, along with the props beside him.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work