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How successful do you think Orwell has been in establishing human nature - both its qualities and its failures - in the opening three chapters of Animal Farm?

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Introduction

How successful do you think Orwell has been in establishing human nature - both its qualities and its failures - in the opening three chapters of Animal Farm? In Animal Farm, George Orwell presents many aspects of human nature, both those positive and negative. Ironically, the human qualities and failures are shown using the behaviour of animals, living in the Animal Farm. The presentation is very clear, and every aspect of the animals' actions and feelings is reflected in humans. I will therefore explore the different qualities and failures of humans, shown in the opening three chapters of the novel, and then I will show how does Orwell achieve this and how successful is he in the establishi8ng of human nature. Firstly, I will show the qualities that humans have, based on the first three chapters of Animal Farm. From the first pages of the book, there is a very positive and admirable sense of solidarity in between the oppressed animals. The solidarity and feeling of brotherhood is seen in the first scene, just before Old Major's speech. The order of the animals arriving at the secret meeting is clearly shown - all animals arriving at the scene, both those small (hens, ducklings) and those big (the horses). The brotherhood is very well shown as Clover (one of the horses) helps the ducklings, which "had just lost their mother". ...read more.

Middle

The seven commandments that the animals accept are an example of this. The animals accept these, as well as their orders as to work, and follow them. Their organisation is also a positive quality. However, Orwell does not simply praise humans, in his novel. Many of the humans' weaknesses and failures are exposed. The pigs, as the self-claimed rulers, are very negatively presented. Firstly, manipulation and abuse of the ruling class is portrayed. The pigs rule the animals in a very un-fair way, forcing them to do all the labour, cheating them and stealing their harvest (milk and apples). The animals are deceived into believing that everything that happens is for their own good. Napoleon, the leader, is said to be "fierce looking", somehow imposing fear simply with his image. The animals are told that if it wasn't for the pigs, Jones would come back - yet another threat. However, the criticism of inflicting fear on others, although visible in the opening three chapters of Animal Farm, is later emphasised by the introduction of Napoleon's secret police - the dogs. Mr. Jones - the owner of the farm is also a very important symbol of human nature. Firstly, his carelessness is shown. There are two aspects to this. Firstly, he does not seem to be aware of the animals relying on him. ...read more.

Conclusion

Animals' narration can be observed in chapter two, when Mr. Jones is defeated. "The animals could not believe in their good fortune" is said from an animal's point of view, allowing the reader to associate himself with the animals and see the events through their eyes. Pig narration is also present, particularly when describing the policies and aims of animalism. "The pigs, with their superior knowledge" is a fine example of that. This allows us to see how the pigs seized and expanded their power. These different narratives allow us to see a contrast between what was going on, how the animals saw it, and how the pigs planned it. Therefore the reader is well informed, seeing all perspectives and being able to assess by himself. However, due to the way everything is written and due to the course of the events, the reader, in my opinion, ends up sharing the opinion that the author hoped to evoke. Therefore, by presenting all these human qualities and failures, as well as showing them in a clear and varied style, I believe that Orwell is quite successful in establishing and portraying human nature. We have to remember that every event and behaviour in Animal Farm has its symbolic connotation and reflects some aspect of human nature, both positive and negative. Orwell is fair, as an author, being able to criticise and praise, and is successful in evoking the feelings and emotions that he, presumably, hoped for. ...read more.

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