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How typical are 'The signalman' by Charles Dickens, 'The monkeys paw' by W.W Jacobs and 'The red room' by H.G Wells of the gothic genre?

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Introduction

How typical are 'The signalman' by Charles Dickens, 'The monkeys paw' by W.W Jacobs and 'The red room' by H.G Wells of the gothic genre? Gothic stories were written in the middle of the eightieth century these include 'Frankenstein' written by Mary Shelley and 'Jane Eyre' written by Charlotte Bronte. Other gothic stories also include 'The Signalman' by Charles Dickens, 'The Monkeys Paw' by W.W Jacobs and 'The red room' written by H.G wells. Gothic stories were started by Horace Walpole who wrote 'The castle of otranto' in 1765. Gothic stories tend to include the supernatural, isolated places such as derelict houses and castles also in graveyards this is so the setting and atmosphere will be eerie and spooky also gothic stories will contain some sort of death or ghosts. For example in 'The Signalman' there is a ghost, it is set in an isolated place and it makes the plot mysterious. One of the ways what gothic stories are written is in short stories. The first short story is 'The signalman' by Charles Dickens. The story begins with the narrator who is standing at the top of a hill calling down to the signalman. The narrator then approaches the signalman and thinks that he may be a ghost. "This was a spirit, not a man." The word 'spirit' suggests that the signalman may be supernatural. This is ironic because the signalman thinks that the narrator is a ghost as does the narrator think the signalman is a ghost. The signalman invites the narrator into his box because he realised that he wasn't a ghost and they talked after a while the narrator left the signalman and returned the next day. ...read more.

Middle

The man with the shade explains how to get to the Red Room "You go along the passage for a bit." Said he, "until you come to a door, and through that is a spiral staircase, and half way up that is a landing and another door covered with baize. Go through that and down a long corridor to the end, and the red room is on your left up the steps," This whole quote especially the words 'passage' and 'baize' adds to the mystery to the story because the quote makes the house sound really big and it has an eerie and dark atmosphere. The narrator exits the room and he went to the red room. The narrator tells us how the house is very old and how at that time the supernatural were creditable. "... and the deep stoned, old fashioned furniture of the housekeepers room... an age of omens and witches were creditable, and ghosts beyond denying." This tells us by the word 'ghosts' that the house would be haunted. This adds to the setting and atmosphere by making the house sound eerie. The narrator described the ground staircase he also tells us how everything in their was in its place even the house was deserted eighteen months ago. "The effect was scarcely what I expected, for the moonlight, coming in by the great window on the ground staircase... There were candles in the sockets of the sconces, and whatever dust had gathered on the carpets" The narrator makes his way to the red room and he gets scared. The narrator enters the red room that the young duke had died in this may be the reason why it is haunted. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is typical of the gothic genre because it tells us there is a sense of fear between the husband and the dead son and there is mystery because we don't find out who was at the door. The narration in 'The Monkeys Paw' is third person. This is good because there is more than one character to focus on but it doesn't tell us their thoughts and feelings. The characters of 'The Monkeys Paw' are Mr White, Mrs White, Herbert, the sergeant major and the man who brings the message of the son's death. These characters are of a gothic genre because Mr and Mrs white are very old with grey hair, the sergeant major is a mysterious man because the reader doesn't know much about him and Herbert dies so it brings the genre of death and ghosts into the story. The setting and atmosphere of 'The Monkeys Paw' is of a gothic genre because the house is set in the middle of nowhere and it is lighted by candles and a log fire that will create dark shadows. "The candle end, which had burned below the rim of the china candlestick, was throwing pulsating shadows on the ceiling and wall..." This quote is typical of the gothic genre because it tells us that the house is shadowed and it is candle lit so it will cause areas of the house to remain in darkness. In conclusion 'The Monkeys Paw' is typical of the gothic genre because it does contain a sense of supernatural because the paw grants wishes and it made the son come alive again so this is also suggests ghosts. This can be also linked to the mystery of the paw and the thing at the door. ?? ?? ?? ?? David Jones ...read more.

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